Tenses: Verb tenses are tools that are used to express time. They refer to the time of an action and tell the time and state of an action. present tense, past tense and future time refer to the time of action and tell the time and state of an action.
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Tenses Exercises or Class 10 CBSE With Answers Pdf
Present Tense Structure
We use Present Simple time to talk about things in general. We are not thinking only about now. We use it to say that something happens all the time or repeatedly or that something is true in general. Here it is not important whether the action is happening at the time of speaking
- I take my breakfast every day.
- We go to school.
We use Present Continuous tense to talk about something that is happening at or around the time of speaking. The action is not finished. In such sentences is/am/are + verb + ing is used to show continuation.
- Girls are playing.
- I am watching TV.
Present Perfect tense is used to give information about an action that has recently been completed. It is also used to talk about some action in the past that has a result now. In such sentences verb ends with have/has + verb + ed/t/en/ne forms.
- Tom has lost his key.
- I have forgotten your name.
Present Perfect Continuous tense is used to indicate an activity that continues from the past until now repeatedly or an activity that has recently stopped. In these sentences have/ has + been + v + ing form is used.
- John looks sunburnt. He has been working under the sun since morning.
- Your clothes are very dirty. What have you been doing?
Past Tense Structure Examples
- I/You/He/She/It/We/They played. – (Affirmative)
- I/You/He/She/It/We/They didn’t play. – (Negative)
- Did I/You/She/It/We/They play? – (Interrogative)
All these sentences are in simple past. We use Past Simple for:
- Action completed in the past
- Actions which happened at a specific point of time.
- Past habits and past actions that happened immediately after the other.
Now look at the following sentences:
- I/He/She/It was playing. – (Affirmative)
- We/You/They were playing. – (Affirmative)
- I/He/She/It wasn’t playing. – (Negative)
- We/You/They weren’t playing. – (Negative)
- Was/I/He/She/It playing? – (Interrogative)
- Where were/We/You/They playing? – (Interrogative)
All these sentences are in Past Continuous. We use past continuous for:
- An action that was in progress at a stated time in the past.
- A past action which was in progress when another action interrupted it.
- Two or more actions which were happening at the same time.
Let’s read the following sentences:
- Rohit had already left when we arrived at the party.
- He had broken his leg and it was still hurting.
- Everything had seemed normal at first.
All these sentences have been written in Past Perfect Tense. We use it to talk about an action which finished before another action in the past.
We use certain time expressions with past perfect: before, already, after, just, when, never, etc.
Now read the following sentences:
I had been watching TV for an hour when I remembered I had forgotten to call my friend.
She had been painting her room and her clothes were covered in paint.
These sentences have been written in Past Perfect Continuous Tense. We use it to talk:
- for a past action which started and finished in the past before another past action, putting emphasis on the duration.
- for an action which lasted for some time in the past and the result was still visible in the past..
Time expressions used: for, since, until, etc.
Future Time Reference Worksheets With Answers
- Let us read the following sentences:
- We will go to the zoo tomorrow.
- He will be on leave next week.
All these sentences indicate that we use will to talk about an event in progress at some point in future. However, there are different modes in English that can be used to refer to incidents that occur at some time in future. This mode of reference is called as future time reference. Such sentences have constructions based on different structures.
They are as follows:
Simple Present Tense
- The Commonwealth Games begin from 2nd October.
- If he works hard like this, he can pass.
Present Continuous Tense: It is used to refer to future events that have been planned before.
- We are expecting the queen to inaugurate the games this month.
- I’m sorry I can’t attend the wedding. I’m meeting the director this evening.
Use of Going to
- We are going to shift to Shimla very soon.
- Suchitra is going to marry Harish.
Be + about to + infinitive
- The class is about to start.
Use of Will/Shall
It is used to make a prediction about future, or in advertisements, etc.
- India will win at least one gold in boxing.
- Their souls shall rest in peace.
Be + To + V
- The teacher is to deliver a talk on study skills.