The basic rule of subject-verb concord is that a singular subject (the doer of an action who is being talked of in the sentence) always takes a singular verb (the action being done in the sentence) whereas a plural subject always takes a plural verb.
- The girl goes out. The girls go out.
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Subject-Verb Concord Exercises for Class 6 CBSE With Answers PDF
Types of Verbs
How many types of verbs are there? In addition to the main categories of physical verbs, mental verbs, and state of being verbs, there are several other types of verbs. In fact, there are more than ten different types of verbs that are grouped by function.
List of all verb Types
Action Verbs: Action verbs express specific action, and are used any time you want to show action or discuss someone doing something.
Transitive Verbs: Transitive verbs are action verbs that always express double activities. These verbs always have direct objects, meaning someone or something receives the action of the verb.
Intransitive Verbs: Intransitive verbs are action verbs that always express double activities. No direct object follows an intransitive verb.
Auxiliary Verbs: Auxiliary verbs are also known as helping verbs, and are used together with a main verb to show the verb’s tense or to form a question or negative.
Stative Verbs: Stative verbs can be recognized because they express a state rather than an action. They typically relate to thoughts, emotions, relationships, senses, states of being, and measurements.
Modal Verbs: Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs that are used to express abilities, possibilities, permissions, and obligations.
Phrasal Verbs: Phrasal verbs aren’t single words; instead, they are combinations of words that are used together to take on a different meaning to that of the original verb.
Irregular Verbs: Irregular verbs are those that don’t take on the regular spelling patterns of past simple and past participle verbs.
Regular Verbs: If a verb is regular, the Past Simple and Past Participle end in -ed; as:
- If a word ends in the consonant-y (baby, carry, easy etc.) y changes to i before the ending -ed, e.g. hurry – hurried; study – studied; apply – applied; try – tried, (a, e, i, o and u are vowel letters. The other letters b, c, d, f, g etc. are consonant letters)
- If a verb ends in -e, we add -d for the past of regular verbs; e.g. hope/hoped; smile/smiled; dance/danced and confuse/confused.
- Sometimes a word ends in vowel + consonant, e.g. stop, plan, rub etc.
In such cases before the endings -ed, we double the consonant at the end. So, p becomes pp, n becomes nn; as in:
stop – stopped; plan – planned; rub – rubbed.
1. When the past simple/past participle do not end in -ed (for example, I saw/I have seen etc.) the verb is irregular.
With some irregular verbs, all three forms (infinitive, past simple and past participle) are the same, for example hit:
Don’t hit me. (infinitive)
2. With other irregular verbs, the past simple is the same as the past participle (but different from the infinitive). For example, tell – told:
Can you tell me about Sharan?
She told me to come back the next day. (past simple)
Have you told anybody about changing your school? (past participle – present perfect)
I was told to come back the next day (past participle – passive)
3. With other irregular verbs, all three forms are different, for example, wake – woke/woken: I will wake you up. (infinitive)
I woke up in the middle of the night, (past simple)
The baby has woken up. (past participle — present perfect)
I was woken up by a loud noise (past participle – passive)
4. The following verbs can be regular or irregular:
- bum – burned or burnt
- smell – smelled or smelt
- dream – dreamed or dreamt
- spell – spelled or spelt
- lean – leaned or leant spill
- spilled or spilt
- learn – learned or learnt
- spoil – spoiled or spoilt
Regular and Irregular Verbs
The simple past tense of most verbs ends in -ed. These verbs are called regular verbs.
|Base Form||Simple Past|
Mom opened the door for us.
Sally petted the dog.
That event happened long ago.
We visited our uncle last week.
Was and Were
The verbs was and were are also forms of the verb be.
Was is the simple past tense of am and is. Use was with the pronouns I, he, she and it, and with singu¬lar nouns.
Were is the simple past tense of are. Use were with the pronouns you, we and they, and with plural nouns.
Do, Does and Did
Use do, does and did to talk about actions.
Use do with the pronouns I, you, we and they, and with plural nouns. Use does with the pronouns he, she and it, and singular nouns.
Did is the simple past tense of do and does.
When you write a sentence you must make sure that the subject and the verb agree.
If the subject is a singular noun, or the pronoun he, she or it, you need a singular verb.
Use a plural verb if the subject is-a plural noun, or the pronoun we, you or they.
Collective nouns may be used with either singular or plural verbs. If the group members are all acting together as one, used a singular verb. If the members of the group are acting as individuals, use a plural verb.
subject-verb concord exercises with answers for Class 6 CBSE
A. Answer the following questions as per the story.
1. What do you know about Academy Award from the story above?
2. What does jury decide in Academy Awards?
3. How Academy Awards are powered and sponsored?
B. Directions: Read each sentence and choose the correct verb in brackets.
- Harshit (is, are) going to the mall after school today.
1. The players (are, is) going to the pizza restaurant after today’s game.
2. Jyoti (were, was) going to train the team yesterday evening.
3. Sandeep (is, are) one of the best players on the team.
4. The coach (was, were) very excited that the team won the tournament.
5. They (is, are) one of the highest-scoring teams in the league.
6. My best friend (were, was) there when I arrived.
7. Where (do, does) your parents live?
subject-verb concord practice exercises for Class 6 CBSE
A. Directions: Use the present-tense form of the verb in brackets that agrees in number with the subject.
- Harshit __________ going to the mall after school today, (are)
1. This basketball game __________ one of the most entertaining ever, (be)
2. The players __________ one of the toughest opponents of the year, (be)
3. Today, the players __________ very excited for the game, (be)
4. The players __________ enjoining the game, (is)
5. My family __________ to see the games, (go)
B. Read each sentence and circle the correct verb (was or were) to complete each sentence.
- Sameer (was/were) growing taller each day.
1. He (was/were) excited about the first day of school.
2. We (was/were) traveling across the country.
3. I (was/were) going to tell you, but now I’m not.
4. We (was/were) going to the park, but then it started to rain.
5. She (was/were) one of the star players on the volleyball team.
6. We (was/were) excited about the championship game.
7. They (was/were) walking around the block.
8. He (was/were) a very obedient student.
9. Can you tell if they (was/were) prepared?
C. Circle the correct verb in each of the sentences below,
1. Your friend (talk-talks) too much.
2. The man with the roses (look-looks) like your brother.
3. The women in the pool (swim-swims) well.
4. Babban (drive-drives) a cab.
5. The football players (run-runs) five miles every day.
6. That red-haired lady in the fur hat (live-lives) across the street.
7. He (cook-cooks) dinner for his family.
8. The boys (walk-walks) to school every day.
9. The weather on the coast (appear-appears) to be good this weekend.
10. The center on the basketball team (bounce-bounces) the ball too high.
D. Fill in the blanks with the correct verb to complete the following sentences,
Directions: Choose the verbs in the following sentences. Also, on a sheet of paper, write the verb and its type (verb tense, transitive/ intransitive, etc.)
(i) Sue moved here from New York.
(c) New York
(ii) Now she is living in a house on my street.
(iii) Now she is living in a house on my street.
(iv) Dan picked the oranges himself.
(v) We are painting his room blue.
(a) are painting
(vi) I have lived in this house all my life.
(b) have lived
(vii) He picked the pencil himself.
(viii) I am helping my mom with her work.
(b) am helping
E. Circle the correct verb in each of the sentences below.
- Mamta and her parents (visit-visits) each other often.
- Either the cups or the glasses (are-is) in the dishwasher.
- Vicky and Puneet (need-needs) a ride to work.
- There (is-are) a dog, a cat, and a bird in the garage.
- Neither Mohit nor his brothers (was-were) at the party.
- Here into the main ring of the circus (come-comes) the trained elephants.
- Either the workers or the boss (deliver-delivers) the merchandise.
- The committee (work-works) hard for better schools.
- There (is-are) many things to do before the holidays.
- The jury (was-were) polled for their verdicts.
- Here (is-are) the nails you need for the project.
- Either Atul or Ria (was-were) here.
- The United States (is-are) a country of contrasts.
- A magazine and a book (was-were) lying on the floor.
- The family (is-are) occupied with their individual problems.
F. Fill the correct form of verbs given in the brackets.
- Mohit __________ the problem within no time. (solve)
- The officer _________ for being rude to public. (scold)
- The tourist _________ a valid ticket. (demand)
- A large number of monkey ________ him. (attack)
- She was ________ for not submitting fine. (fine)
- The match has _________ cancelled due to excessive rain. (be)
- Two trains got _________ near a crossing. (collide)
- Rooms _________ vacated for the guests. (be)
- The bill has been _________ on the table. (lie)
- The cartoonist has been ________ for a vulgar sketch. (jail)