The basic rule of subject-verb concord is that a singular subject (the doer of an action who is being talked of in the sentence) always takes a singular verb (the action being done in the sentence) whereas a plural subject always takes a plural verb.
- The girl goes out. The girls go out.
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Subject-Verb Concord Exercises for Class 6 CBSE With Answers PDF
Basic Rule: A singular subject (she, Amit, car) takes a singular verb (is, goes, shines), whereas a plural subject takes a plural verb.
- The list of items is/are on the desk.
- If you know that list is the subject, then you will use is as the verb.
Rule 1: A subject will come before a phrase beginning with of. This is a key rule for understanding subjects. The word of is the culprit in many, perhaps most, subject- verb mistakes.
- Incorrect: A bouquet of yellow roses lend colour and fragrance to the room.
- Correct: A bouquet of yellow roses lends … (bouquet lends, not roses lend)
Rule 2: Two singular subjects connected by or, either/or, or neither/nor require a singular verb.
- My brother or my sister is arriving by airplane today.
- Neither Paval nor Ditva is available.
- Either Kiran or Jvoti is helping today with stage decorations.
Rule 3: The verb in an or, either/or, or neither/nor sentence agrees with the noun or pronoun closest to it.
- Neither the plates nor the serving bowl goes on that shelf.
- Neither the serving bowl nor the plates go on that shelf.
Rule 4: As a general rule, use a plural verb with two or more subjects when they are connected by and.
- A car and a bike are her means of transportation.
Rule 5a: Sometimes the subject is separated from the verb by such words as along with, as well as, besides, not, etc. These words and phrases are not part of the subject. Ignore them and use a singular verb when the subject is singular.
- The actor, along with the actress, is expected shortly.
- Excitement, as well as nervousness, is the cause of her shaking.
Rule 5b: Brackets are not part of the subject.
- Chetan (and his trusty mutt) was always welcome.
- If this seems awkward, try rewriting the sentence.
Rule 6: In sentences beginning with here or there, the true subject follows the verb.
- There are seven hurdles to jump.
- There is a high hurdle to jump.
- Here are the books.
Rule 7: Use a singular verb with distances, periods of time, sums of money, etc., when considered as a unit.
- Nine miles is too far to walk.
- Two years is the maximum sentence for that offense.
- Thousand rupees is a high price to pay.
Rule 8: With words that indicate portions—For example., a lot, a majority, some, all— Rule 1 given earlier in this section is reversed, and we are guided by the noun after of. If the noun after of is singular, use a singular verb. If it is plural. We use a plural verb.
- A lot of the pie has disappeared.
- A lot of the pies have disappeared.
- A third of the city is unemployed.
- A third of the people are unemployed.
- All of the pie is gone.
- AH of the pies are gone.
- Some of the pie is missing.
- Some of the pies are missing.
Rule 9: With collective nouns such as group, jury, family, audience, population, the verb might be singular or plural, depending large part of audience has on the writer’s intent.
- arrived OR has arrived.
- Most of the jury is here OR are here.
- A third of the population was not in favour OR were not in favour of the bill.
Rule 10: The word ‘were’ replaces ‘was’ in sentences that express a wish or are contrary to a fact:
- If Jiwan were here, you’d be sorry.
Shouldn’t Jiwan be followed by was, not were, given that Jiwan is singular? But Jiwan isn’t actually here, so we say were, not was. The sentence demonstrates the subjunctive mood, which is used to express things that are hypothetical, wishful, imaginary, or factually contradictory.
- I wish it were Sunday.
- He requested that she raise her hand.
subject-verb concord exercises with answers for Class 6 CBSE
A. Answer the following questions as per the story.
1. What do you know about Academy Award from the story above?
2. What does jury decide in Academy Awards?
3. How Academy Awards are powered and sponsored?
B. Directions: Read each sentence and choose the correct verb in brackets.
- Harshit (is, are) going to the mall after school today.
1. The players (are, is) going to the pizza restaurant after today’s game.
2. Jyoti (were, was) going to train the team yesterday evening.
3. Sandeep (is, are) one of the best players on the team.
4. The coach (was, were) very excited that the team won the tournament.
5. They (is, are) one of the highest-scoring teams in the league.
6. My best friend (were, was) there when I arrived.
7. Where (do, does) your parents live?
subject-verb concord practice exercises for Class 6 CBSE
A. Directions: Use the present-tense form of the verb in brackets that agrees in number with the subject.
- Harshit __________ going to the mall after school today, (are)
1. This basketball game __________ one of the most entertaining ever, (be)
2. The players __________ one of the toughest opponents of the year, (be)
3. Today, the players __________ very excited for the game, (be)
4. The players __________ enjoining the game, (is)
5. My family __________ to see the games, (go)
B. Read each sentence and circle the correct verb (was or were) to complete each sentence.
- Sameer (was/were) growing taller each day.
1. He (was/were) excited about the first day of school.
2. We (was/were) traveling across the country.
3. I (was/were) going to tell you, but now I’m not.
4. We (was/were) going to the park, but then it started to rain.
5. She (was/were) one of the star players on the volleyball team.
6. We (was/were) excited about the championship game.
7. They (was/were) walking around the block.
8. He (was/were) a very obedient student.
9. Can you tell if they (was/were) prepared?
C. Circle the correct verb in each of the sentences below,
1. Your friend (talk-talks) too much.
2. The man with the roses (look-looks) like your brother.
3. The women in the pool (swim-swims) well.
4. Babban (drive-drives) a cab.
5. The football players (run-runs) five miles every day.
6. That red-haired lady in the fur hat (live-lives) across the street.
7. He (cook-cooks) dinner for his family.
8. The boys (walk-walks) to school every day.
9. The weather on the coast (appear-appears) to be good this weekend.
10. The center on the basketball team (bounce-bounces) the ball too high.
D. Fill in the blanks with the correct verb to complete the following sentences,
1. Each of the girls (look-looks) __________ good on stage.
2. Everybody (was-were) __________ asked to remain quiet.
3. Neither of the men (is-are) __________ here yet.
4. (Is-Are) __________ each of the girls ready to leave?
5. Several of the sheep (is-are) __________ sick.
6. Some members of the faculty (is-are) __________ present.
7. Nobody in the class (has-have) __________ the answer.
8. Each of the girls (observe-observes) __________ all the regulations.
9. All of the milk (is-are) __________ gone.
10. Most of the seats (was-were) __________ taken.
E. Circle the correct verb in each of the sentences below.
1. Mamta and her parents (visit-visits) each other often.
2. Either the cups or the glasses (are-is) in the dishwasher.
3. Vicky and Puneet (need-needs) a ride to work.
4. There (is-are) a dog, a cat, and a bird in the garage.
5. Neither Mohit nor his brothers (was-were) at the party.
6. Here into the main ring of the circus (come-comes) the trained elephants.
7. Either the workers or the boss (deliver-delivers) the merchandise.
8. The committee (work-works) hard for better schools.
9. There (is-are) many things to do before the holidays.
10. The jury (was-were) polled for their verdicts.
11. Here (is-are) the nails you need for the project.
12. Either Atul or Ria (was-were) here.
13. The United States (is-are) a country of contrasts.
14. A magazine and a book (was-were) lying on the floor.
15. The family (is-are) occupied with their individual problems.
F. Circle the correct verb in each of the sentences given below.
1. Cancer (is-are) one of the most deadly diseases.
2. One hundred rupees (is-are) not a lot of money for some people.
3. She (doesn’t-don’t) look very well today.
4. Twenty minutes (is-are) the amount of time it takes me to get home from work.
5. It (doesn’t-don’t) seem so cold today.
6. Gymnastics (is-are) easy for Anita.
7. Interesting news (is-are) what sells our paper.
8. A pound of cookies (cost-costs) about a dollar.
9. They (doesn’t-don’t) think they’ll win the game tonight.
10. He (don’t-doesn’t) speak very well.