What are modal verbs?
Modals (also called modal verbs, modal auxiliary verbs, modal auxiliaries) are special verbs that behave irregularly in English. They are different from normal verbs like “work, play, visit…” They give additional information about the function of the main verb that follows it. They have a great variety of communicative functions.
Looking for an easy way to Learning of new elementary english grammar and composition for class 8 answers, Solutions. You have to learn basic English Grammar topics like Tenses Verbs, Nouns, etc… In this article, we will review the best English Grammer Topics and compare them against each other.
Modals Exercise For Class 8 CBSE With Answers PDF
- Modals are helping verbs.
- We use them with the base form of the verb, modals create verbal phrases.
- Modals do not change form.
- Modals never end in “s” even in 3rd person singular.
- We use ‘not’ to make modal verbs negative.
- Don’t use two double modals together.
- Modals do not have past tense forms, except could and would which serve as the past of can and will.
We use the base form of the word with modals. Modals do not change form.
- He couid ride for iong distances. (Correct)
- He could rode for long distances. (Incorrect)
Modals never end in “s” even in the third person singular.
- She should peddle slower. (Correct)
- She shouids peddles slower. (Incorrect)
Combine the base form of the verb with the modals – not with the infinitive ‘to.’
- He should ride with traffic. (Correct)
- He should to ride with traffic. (Incorrect)
We use ‘not’ to make modal verbs negative.
- I can not ride a bike.
- I could not ride a bike because I was afraid of falling.
- I may not be riding next weekend because I have to work extra hours.
- She might not wear a helmet, but she is careful when she rides.
- Bike riders under 18 years of age must not ride without helmets in Delhi.
- Riders shall not break the traffic rules.
- When using hand signals to indicate turning, riders should not use their right arm.
- He will not go riding when it rains.
- The bike club would not participate in the race because they objected to the high entrance fee.
To form questions:
- Can I teach you how to ride a bike?
- Should we ask your mother first?
- Might it help if I let her know that you’ll be wearing a helmet?
- Will you let me take the training wheels off?
Do not use two modals together.
- He could can fix the flat tire. (Incorrect)
- I will might enter the bicycle challenge marathon. (Incorrect)
Modals Exercises Practice Examples for Class 8 CBSE
A. Complete B’s sentences using can/could/might/must/should/would + the verb in brackets. In some sentences you need to use have/must have/should have, etc. In some sentences you might have to use the negatives (can’t/couldn’t, etc.) The first one has beers done for you.
1. A : I’m hungry.
B : But you’ve just had lunch. You can’t be hungry already, (be)
2. A : I haven’t seen our neighbours for ages.
B : No. They _____________ away, (go)
3. A : What’s the weather like? Is it raining?
B : Not at the moment but it _____________ later, (rain)
4. A : Where has Manshu gone?
B : I’m not sure. She _____________ to the bank, (go)
5. A : I didn’t see you at John’s party last week.
B : No, I had to work that evening, so I _____________ (go)
6. A : I saw you at John’s party last week.
B : No, you didn’t. You _____________ me. I didn’t go to John’s party, (see)
7. A : When did you post the letter to Maya?
B : This morning. So she _____________ it tomorrow, (get)
8. A : When was the last time you saw Prateek?
B : Years ago. I _____________ him if I saw him now. (recognise)
9. A : Did you hear the explosion?
B : What explosion?
A : There was a loud explosion a few minutes ago. You _____________ it. (hear)
10. A : We weren’t sure which way to go. In the end we turned right.
B : You went the wrong way. You _____________ left. (turn )
B. Write ‘will’, ‘would’, ‘shall’ or ‘should’ in the blanks.
1. We _______________ certainly have time for lunch. Where _______________ we go?
2. “You _______________ suffer for this,” he swore. “I _______________ see to it that you do!”
3. He said that it _______________ be all right for you to enter, but I think you _______________ wait until he gets here.
4. _______________ you not reconsider your decision? You _______________ regret it if you do not.
5. I _______________ do whatever pleases me. No one _______________ tell me what to do!
6. If anything _______________ go wrong while I am away, you let me know, _______________ you?
7. _______________ you please lower your voices? You _______________ wake up the baby if you do not.
8. I _______________ not stop her from leaving. She _______________ go if she wants to.
9. If my friends _______________ come while I am having my bath, _______________ you invite them in?
10. The angry man insisted that I _______________ pay for the damages. He said that if I did not, _______________ he have to lodge a report against me.
C. (A) Complete the following with suitable modals.
Student: Madam, _______________ I come in?
Teacher: Where were you? You _______________ be in the class at the right time.
Student: Sorry madam. I _______________ not catch the bus on time.
Teacher: You _______________ leave early.
Student: Kindly, forgive me this time. I _______________ not be late in future I take my seat now?
Teacher: You _______________
Student: Madam, _______________ you please check my home work?
Teacher: I _______________ not check your homework right now. I am teaching a lesson.
(B) Complete the following with suitable modals.
1. Milk is a complete food in itself. Children _______________ drink it regularly otherwise they _______________ suffer from malnutrition. Elders _______________ also take it but those who _______________ not afford it _______________ take pulses, fruits and vegetables as an alternative.
2. The Government _______________ not run away from its responsibility of providing protection to the people. What _______________ the Government do? The Government _______________ tackle the problem of terrorism with an iron hand. The police _______________ be equipped with the latest weapons and techniques. Even the laws _______________ be amended to deal with the terrorists. Once they are caught, they _______________ not be freed.
3. You _______________ reach school at the right time. You _______________ be punished if you come late. You _______________ visit your school library regularly. You _______________ take any books you like. But spoiling the books _______________ be avoided at any cost. You _______________ n’t tear or spoil the pages of the books. You _______________ also respect your teachers.
More about Modals
Must and ought to are used to show expression of necessity.
- You must come to office at 9 o’ clock.
- You ought to come to office at lO’o clock.
Ought always comes with infinitive ‘to’ and must is used without ‘to’ Must not/mustn’t and ought not/oughtn’t
To make negative sentences we use must not or ought not.
Must not or ought not shows negative compulsion.
- She must not talk to his father like this.
- She ought not to talk her father like this.
To show assumption
- She must be very popular.
- She ought to be very popular.
Expression of duty and obligation
- She must respect her family.
- You must love your work.
- She ought to respect her family.
- One ought to love his country.
To give advice
- She must concentrate on her work.
- You ought to drive with care.
- She must avoid fatty food.
- She ought to avoid argues with her elders.
To show certainty (of past events)
- He studied very hard he, must have secure first rank in the class.
- He started with lots of enthusiasm, he must have reached his destiny.
- She spoke very fluently, she must have won the first prize.
Must be / must have been (also shows certainty)
- He talks very impressively he must be an anchor.
- This team plays very well, it must have been a winning team.
Ought to have (Work that should be completed in the past but couldn’t be completed)
- He ought to have appeared at the examination.
- They ought to have helped you in your need.
Need is used to tell about necessity,
(He, she) ‘s’ in third person singular (I, u, or we) without ‘s’
- I need some water.
- He needs water.
- They need water.
- We need your support.
- I needed a pen.
- She doesn’t need anything.
‘Need’ in negative sentence
In negative sentence, third person also comes without ‘s’.
- He need not fear me.
- He need never fear me.
- He need hardly take my help.
“Need” in interrogative sentence In interrogatives, (third person without ‘s’)
- Need you help him?
- Need she come with him?
“Need” with do interrogative
- Do they need to go with him?
- Does she need to go alone there?
- Do you need to behave like this?
- Needn’t is used with both, singular as well as plural form.
- Need not to go there?
- They need not to share it with you.
- We need not to take him in our team.
Dare / Dare not
Dare is used to give challenge, and it is used according to number or person, in third person singular dares or dare with (I, we, you)
- He dares me to go alone in the dark wood.
- I dare you to compete with him.
- They dare me to do such a big task alone.
“Dare” in negative sentences
In negative sentences, dare is used without ‘s’ w
- He dare not to leave me.
- I dare not stand before him.
- You dare not to ask me anything personal.
- She dare hardly speak before her father.
Interrogative with dare
In interrogative, we use dare not dares,
- Dare he speak before you?
- Dare he repeat the same mistake?
Dare in ‘do’ interrogative (dare not dares)
- Does she dare to challenge you?
- Did she dare to slap her?
- Do I dare to stand before you?
- She dare not to say a single word to me.
- I dare not to perform on such a big stage.
Dare not have +past participle (to show the past unnecessary)
- He dare not have talked like this.
- You dare not have moved this heavy luggage alone.
To tell frequency and habit of past
- He used to come at my home to watch the TV.
- She used to try my outfits.
- They used to quarrel with their neighbour.
- I used to play the flute in my college days.
- I am used to this lifestyle.
Negative and interrogative with ‘used to’
- She is used to this type of climate.
- He used to wear this kind of dress?
To tell habitual of the thing, we use subject+ verb ‘to be’+ used +noun / gerund
- I am used to this.
- She is used to this luxury life.
- He has to get used to traveling in crowded bus.
Do + used to
- He did not use to live life in this way.
- Did he use to live like this?
A. Choose the correct modal verb.
1. He must/must to come to me this evening.
2. He ought to/ought come to me this evening.
3. This program must to/must have succeeded.
4. You must not/must to talk loudly.
5. He ought/ought to not to talk loudly.
6. He ought to/ought have reached well in time.
7. She ought to/ought have done it earlier.
8. He must not/must to fight with his neighbour.
B. Choose the correct modal verb.
1. I need /needs a good friend.
2. I am in need/needs of a bigger house.
3. She doesn’t need/needs my help.
4. Ram need/needs not go there.
5. She hardly need/needs help from anybody.
6. Need/need he meet you?
7. Does she need/needs to come there?
8. You need/needs not quarrel over such a petty matter.
9. You need/needs not have sold your car.
C. Choose the correct modal verb.
1. He dares/dare me to compete with him.
2. I dare/dares you to compete with me.
3. She dare/dares not accept my challenge.
4. He dares/dare not to speak before me.
5. I dare/dares not disobey him.
6. She dare/dares not challenge me.
7. I dare/dares not act against your will.
8. How dare/dares you neglect me!
D. Choose the correct modal verb.
1. We used to/used go there together.
2. I used to/used go in crowded bus.
3. She used not/use to wear cheap material.
4. I am used to/use an easy going life.
5. I am not used/use to drive his car.