Looking for an easy way to Learning of new elementary english grammar and composition for class 8 answers, Solutions. You have to learn basic English Grammar topics like Tenses Verbs, Nouns, etc… In this article, we will review the best English Grammer Topics and compare them against each other

Idiomatic Preposition Class 8 With Answers CBSE PDF

Idiomatic Use Of Prepositions:

  • An idiom is an expression used in a way that is peculiar to itself either grammatically or in having a meaning that cannot be derived from the conjoined meaning of its elements.
  • It is a style or form of artistic expression.
  • In simple words, an idiom is an expression that means something more than its literal sense.
  • A preposition is a word that is used with a noun or a pronoun to show its relation to some other word in the sentence.
  • There is no hard and fast rule to explain why a particular verb or adjective takes a particular preposition after it. In English, the use of prepositions is largely a matter of convention, a matter of idiom.
  • Certain nouns, adjectives, and verbs are idiomatically used with particular prepositions and conjunctions and lend a new meaning to the sentence.

A-List of Idiomatic Prepositions

1. Abide by: a promise, a decision to stick to it: Once you have made a promise, you ought to abide by it.
2. Abound in: to be rich in: This tank abounds in fish.
3. Absorbed in: engrossed in: The singer was absorbed in music.
4. Acceptable to: Your terms are not acceptable to me.
5. Access to: approach to: A financially sound person can manage an easy access to the authorities.
6. Accordance with: According to: He helped me according to his word.
7. Account for: to explain: His extravagance accounts for his poverty.
8. Accuse of: to charge with, to blame for: He was accused of theft.
9. Act upon: to take action, etc: You must act upon this letter at once, or it will be too late.
10. Add to: to increase: Do not add injury to insult.
11. Addicted to: given to something usually evil: Being addicted to drinking and gambling, he soon squandered away his property.
12. Adhere to: stick to: We must adhere to our principles at all costs.
13. Admit to: to confess: he admitted to jumping the traffic light.
14. Admit of: to allow, leave room for: Your conduct does not admit of any excuse.
15. Afraid of: being scared of: You are afraid of your father.
16. Aim at: to point at: He aimed his rifle at the leopard.
17. Alien to: foreign to: He is alien to any feeling of self respect.
18. Alive to: conscious of: He is not alive to the weakness of his son.
19. Alive with: Connaught Place is always alive with people.
20. Angry with a person: The teacher got angry at the student.
21. Appeal to a person for or against something: He appealed to the Principal for mercy.
22. Appoint a person to a situation: He was appointed to the post of the general manager of a reputed industrial concern.
23. Approve of: Everybody approved of his plan of joining IAS.
24. Argue with a person on a subject, for or against something: Do not argue with your elders.
25. Ashamed of: One should be ashamed of ones mistake.
26. Ask about: to enquire: I asked my friend about the welfare of his family.
27. Asked for: enquire for: Go to the top floor and ask for Mr. Chopra.
28. Aspire to: He aspired to become a doctor.
29. Assure of: to confirm: I can assure of my innocence.
30. Astonished at: surprised at: His father was astonished at his cleverness.
31. Authority on: power to give order on something: Our principal is an authority on modern algebra.
32. Award to: to give a prize to: A prize was awarded to him for having won the rifle shooting championship.
33. Aware of: to have knowledge of: Are you aware of the latest changes in the syllabus.
B
34. Believe in: We believe in reasoning out things.
35. Belong to: to request: He belongs to a respectable family.
36. Beware of: cautious of: Beware of doing wrong to any man.
37. Blind of: ignorant to: Maharaja Ranjeet Singh was blind of one eye.
38. Boast of: to show off: I agree that he is talented but he boasts of his talent a bit too much.
39. Brood over: to think constantly of: It is no use brooding over past failures.
C
40. Celebrated for: famous for: Amritsar is celebrated for its Golden Temple.
41. Close to: Close to the college building is the Principal’s residence.
42. Coincide with: to accord with: His view in this matter does not coincide with me.
43. Collide with: The tonga collided with a car and the horse was killed.
44. Commence on: to begin on: Our examination commences on next Monday.
45. Commit to: to imprison: The suspect was committed to the court.
46. Consist of: to be made up of: Our family consists of six members.
47. Convenient to: You may come to see me at any time convenient to you.
48. Cope with: to contend with, to be equal to: We need three more hands to cope with the heavy rush of work.
D
49. Deal in: to trade in something: We deal in stainless steel goods.
50. Depend on: I can depend on the sincerity of my servant.
51. Devoted to: given to: He is devoted to his duty.
52. Differ from: Birds differ from beasts.
53. Disgrace to: A morally depraved officer is a disgrace to his country.
54. Disgusted at: I felt disgusted at his rude behaviour.
55. Dispose of: to get rid of, to sell: I cannot buy a new house unless I dispose of the one I am now living in.
E
56. Enquire into some matter: He enquired into the matter of murder.
57. Enter into an agreement: The two teams entered into a secret agreement.
58. Entrust with: He was entrusted with the job of making purchases from the market.
59. Envious of: Feeling envious of the brilliant result of his cousin, he also started working hard.
60. Equal to: He proved equal to the situation.
F
61. Faith in: One can work wonders in life if one has faith in oneself.
62. Faithful to: We should be faithful to our friends if we want them to be faithful to us.
63. False to: You will be false to none if you are not false to yourself.
64. Feed on: Cows feed on grass. He feeds on flattery.
65. Fight with, for: I can fight with anyone for my friend.
66. Fight against: We should not fight against our sibling.
67. Fond of: Children are fond of sweets.
G
68. Good at: Australians are very good at cricket and tennis.
69. Grieve for: a person.
70. Guilty of: You have been guilty of giving false evidence.
H
71. Hard of hearing: Having low hearing power: My friend is hard of hearing.
72. Hostile to: opposed to: When he found even his friends hostile to his proposal, he withdrew it.
I
73. Impose on, upon: A heavy responsibility was imposed on him at a very early age.
74. Incentive to: an inspiration to: Poverty often acts as an incentive to hard work.
75. Indifferent to: unconcerned with, heedless of: He is indifferent to flattery and censure.
76. Indispensable to: necessary for: You might be a very suitable candidate for the job, but do not think that you are indispensable to me.
77. Indulge in: to gratify, to give a free court to: One must not indulge in luxuries until one can afford them.
78. Inferior to: Goods made in India are no longer inferior to the imported ones.
79. Injurious to: harmful to: Indulgence in anything may prove injurious to health.
J
80. Join in: The foreign visitors joined us in the festivities.
81. Jump to the conclusion: He hastily jumped to the conclusion that I was to blame for all his losses.
K
82. Keen on: He is keen on sending his son abroad for higher studies.
83. Knock against: In the dark, he knocked against the wall.
84. Knock at: I knocked at the door but got no response.
L
85. Limit to: There is a limit to everyone’s patience.
86. Listen to: If you listen to the singing you will appreciate her voice.
M
87. Mad with: angry at: I was mad with rag at the disobedience of the students.
88. Meddle with: to interfere in: I do not like anyone to meddle with my affairs.
N
89. Necessary for: Hard work is necessary for success.
90. Negligence in: Negligence in the bringing up of children lead to sad consequences.
91. Notorious for: He is notorious for back biting.
O
92. Obedient to: We ought to be obedient to our elders.
93. Open to: Your conduct is open to questions.
94. Opposite to: There is a library opposite to our house.
P
95. Pay for: to suffer: – You will have to pay for your follies.
96. Plead with a person for something: The lawyer pleaded with the judge.
97. Possess of: He is possessed of great wealth.
98. Prey upon: Fear preyed upon my heart.
99. Prior to: before: – prior to joining this newspaper as its editor, I was working in a college.
100. Proficient in: at home in: He is proficient in Mathematics.
Q
102. Quarrel with, over: He quarreled with his friend over a trifle.
103. Qualified for: He is well qualified for the post of the manager of a restaurant.
R
104. Rely on: to depend on: If you want to rely on others, you should first be reliable to yourself.
105. Remedy against: Quinine should be used as a remedy against malaria.
106. Renowned for: famous for: He is renowned for the impartiality of his behaviour.
107. Repent of: If you want to repent of a sin, promise never to repeat it.
108. Resolve on to decide: I have resolved on setting up an export business.
109. Respectful to: Be respectful to others if you want to be respected.
110. Responsible to: to a person for something: I am responsible to God for my actions.
111. Revel in: to take keen delight in: He has been revelling in drinking and gambling.
112. Revolt against: They decided to revolt against the arbitrary decisions of the Governor.
S
113. Sacred to: These articles are sacred to the memory of my father.
114. Sentence to: The murderer was sentenced to life imprisonment.
115. Similar to: These two triangles are similar to each other.
116. Slow of: This child is slow of understanding.
117. Strike at: He struck at the snake with the stick.
118. Successful in: I am sure you will be successful in your aims.
119. Suitable to: He got a prize suitable to his age.
120. Suspicious of: distrustful of: I am suspicious of his intentions.
T
121. Taste for: liking for: – He who has no taste for music should be kept at arm’s length.
122. Tend to: Simple living and high thinking tend to a happy life.
V
123. Victim of: He was a victim of religious bigotry.
124. Victim to: A weak person falls a victim to many diseases.
125. Victory over: He won a convincing victory over his rivals.
126. Void of: deficient in: His remarks are void of sense.
W
127. Welcome to: You are welcome to our celebrations.
128. Wish for: I desperately wish for a change.
129. Worthy of: His conduct is worthy of the highest praise.
130. Wonder at: I often wonder at the spiritual stamina of Gandhi ji.
Y
131. Yearn for: to long for: Man has always yearned for eternal happiness.
132. Yield to: to surrender to: A man of spiritual strength will never yield to hardships.

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