A conjunction is a part of speech that is used to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences. Conjunctions are considered to be invariable grammar particles, and they may or may not stand between items they conjoin. Conjunctions are words which join together words, sentences, and part of sentences.
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Conjunctions Exercises for Class 6 CBSE With Answers Pdf
- Joining Words are called Conjunctions.
- And, Or, But, Because and So are also called Conjunctions.
- We use and to connect similar ideas.
- We use but to connect contrasting ideas.
- We use because to show the reason.
- We use so to show the effect.
- We use or to show choices.
- Other words for Or used as conjunctions – neither- nor, either-or, both
- The conjunctions before, after, since, until, when, while, as and as soon as are used to say when something happens. They are called conjunctions of time.
- The conjunctions where and wherever are used to talk about places. They are called conjunctions of place.
- The conjunctions because, since, as and in case tell why someone does something. They are called conjunctions of reason.
- The conjunctions so, so that and in order to tell what the purpose of something is. They are called conjunctions of purpose.
- There are three types of conjunctions. Coordinating Conjunction, Subordinating Conjunction and Correlative Conjunction
- Coordinating Conjunction:-Coordinating conjunction (called coordinators) joins words, phrases or independent clauses.
- Coordinating conjunctions are short words. Example: and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet
- Coordinating conjunction joins two equal parts of a sentence.
- (Word + word) (phrase + phrase) (clause + clause) (Independent clause + independent clause.)
a. Word + word: She likes tea and coffee.
b. Phrase + phrase: He may be in the room or on the roof.
c. Clauses + clause: What you eat and what you drink affect your health.
d. Independent clause + independent clause: The cat jumped over the mouse and the mouse ran away.
Subordinating Con]unct\on:-Subordinating conjunction (called subordinator) joins subordinate clause (dependent clause) to main clause.
although, because, if, before, how, once, since, till, until, when, where, whether, while, after, no matter how, provided that, as soon as, even if
Main Clause + Subordinate Clause
Subordinate Clause + Main Clause
Subordinate clause is combination of words (subject and verb) which cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. Subordinate clause is also called dependent clause because it is dependent on main clause. Subordinate clause usually starts with relative pronoun (which, who, that, whom, etc). Subordinate clause gives more information in relation to main clause to complete the thought.
- He does not go to school because he is ill.
- I will call you after I reach my home.
- I bought some fruits while I was coming from my office.
- They played football although it was raining.
- Although it was raining, they played football.
- As far as I know, this exam is very difficult.
- I have gone to every concert since I have lived in New York.
- You can get high grades in exam provided that you work hard for it.
Correlative Conjunction: These are paired conjunctions which join words, phrases or clauses which have reciprocal or complementary relationship.
The most commonly used correlative conjunctions are as follows:
Either _________ or
Neither _________ nor
Whether _________ or
Both _________ and
Not only _________ but also
- Neither John nor Marry passed the exam.
- Give me either a cup or a glass.
- Both red and yellow are attractive colours.
- I like neither tea nor coffee.
- He will be either in the room or in the hall.
- John can speak not only English but also French.
A. Answer the following questions as per the story.
1. Describe neighbor’s kitchen?
2. What is the most challenging situation for mice?
3. What do mice experience in the narrator’s kitchen?
B. Fill in the blanks with the correct conjunction from the brackets.
1. We decided not to play football _________ it was raining, (but, as, so)
2. The boys were _________ tired _________ they fell asleep at once, (so, that, such) (that, so, as)
3. It was _________ a cold day that I had to wear a sweater, (so, such, as)
4. “_________ you like, I’ll go with you,” she offered. (If, As, So)
5. He did not want to go there _________ his mother forced him to. (despite, or, but)
6. ________ he studied hard, he failed the test. (So, Either, Though)
7. “We can _________ walk _________ take the bus. Both ways are fine with me.” I said. (either – or/neither – nor/so that)
8. “He is really miserable! He can ________ eat _________ sleep,” said Mary. (either – or/neither – nor/such that)
Conjunctions Practice Exercises for Class 6 CBSE
A. Complete the following sentences using an appropriate coordinating conjunction.
1. They were poor, _________ often suffered great hardship.
2. He overslept _________ thus missed the train.
3. That coat cannot be mine, _________ it is too big for me.
4. As a boy he had never been to school, and _________ he had no opportunity of learning to read and write.
5. This must not happen again, _________ you will be dismissed.
6. He is rich, _________ he is not happy.
7. Hurry up, _________ you will be late.
8. He must have done his duty, _________ he is a conscientious man.
9. He tried hard, _________ he did not succeed.
10. The parents were horrified _________ they saw blood stains on the floor and no sign of their child.
B. Complete the following sentences using an appropriate subordinating conjunction.
1. I make it a point to visit the Taj Mahal _________ I go to Agra.
2. This is the place _________ I used to stay when I was studying at college.
3. _________ you get the first rank, I will buy you a car.
4. _________ you work hard, you can’t pass the entrance test.
5. I am leaving tomorrow _________ or not you give me the permission.
6. He could not get a seat, _________ he came early.
7. The players delivered a splendid performance _________ they had rehearsed well.
8. Parents should give enough attention to children _________ they will not feel neglected.
9. He is _________ dishonest _________ no one trusts him.
10. I will note it down _________ I should forget.
C. Fill in the blanks with suitable correlative conjunction.
1. You must _________ obey me _________ quit.
2. He is _________ a journalist _________ a statesman.
3. _________ you _________ he will have to do this job.
4. I will _________ obey you _________ quit.
5. _________ he worked hard _________ he couldn’t pass.
6. You can have _________ tea _________ coffee.
7. I don’t know _________ she would come _________ not.
8. He teaches _________ mathematics, _________ history.
9. _________ the ministers _________ their colleagues visited the site.
10. She was _________ beautiful _________ intelligent.
D. Join each pair of the following sentences by means of a suitable conjunction.
1. John exercises. His brother does not exercise.
2. Anita hasn’t come. Maya hasn’t come.
3. She speaks English. She speaks Spanish.
4. I like him. He is very sincere.
5. He did not win. He worked hard.
6. She is ill. She is cheerful.
7. We decided to go out. It was raining.
8. The piper played. The children danced.
9. James works hard. His brother is lazy.
10. I went to the shop. I bought some vegetables.
11. You must start at once. You will be late.
12. He must be tired. He has been working since morning.
E. Fill in the blanks with the conjunctions given below. Use each conjunction only
1. She stole the money ___________ her brother needs to pay his school fees.
2. ___________ we were in New Zealand, we visited many orchards.
3. ___________ I am on leave tomorrow, there will be no English lesson.
4. He came home dripping wet ___________ it was raining heavily at school.
5. ___________ I was passing his house, I heard a loud scream.
6. ___________ the teacher was busy writing on the board, the students at the back of the class were talking rather loudly.
F. Complete the following sentences using suitable conjunction. The first one has been done for you. .
1. He was old and weak yet there was no one to look after him.
2. My mother ___________ ___________ gave me a birthday present ___________ ___________ some money ___________ ___________ I could buy myself a new dress.
3. His father beat him, ___________ he ___________ cried ___________ uttered a sound ___________ he was used to frequent beatings.
4. ___________ we found that wemiight be late, we took a taxi ___________ ___________ we might reach the cinema on time.
5. That old man had expected free treatment ___________ he waspoon, ___________ he was shocked when he was given a bill for thirty dollars. He was ___________ upset ___________ he really cried.
6. You’d better work hard ___________ you’ll fail, ___________ do not study ___________ hard ___________ your health suffers. You should work ___________ play according to a planned routine.
7. Mona, _________ ___________ ___________ her sister, is in the choir. They can sing ___________ ___________ in English ___________ French ___________ in Chinese ___________ Japanese.
8. You can ___________ ride the motorcycle ___________ drive the car. ___________ you’d better take the motorcycle ___________ part of the road is blocked.
9. He wanted to do odd jobs ___________ ___________ ___________ he might save some money ___________ no one was willing to employ him ___________ they thought that he was dishonest.
10. ___________ you were too lazy to bring your own umbrella, I have a mind to let you walk home in the rain ___________ this time you may share my umbrella ___________ don’t let there be a next time.
G. Choose the correct conjunction for the following sentences.
1. He is old (and, but) he is still active.
2. Amitabh waited for Abhishek for more than an hour. (Since, However), Abhishek did not turn up.
3. Mr. Khapna could not recognise me, (if, as) he has not seen me for three years.
4. Please do not call me at home (so, unless) it is an emergency.
5. The coach (besides, as well as) his players are confident of winning the game tonight.