Have you ever wondered how colonialism shaped cities and urban life? In this intriguing chapter, we dive into the impact of colonial rule on urban centers and explore the transformation of cities under foreign dominion. From the bustling streets of colonial metropolises to the traces of imperialism in today’s urban landscapes, we uncover the fascinating history of “Class 8 History Chapter 6 Extra Questions and Answers Colonialism and the City.” Read this also Extra Questions for Class 8 Social Science .
Class 8 History Chapter 6 Extra Questions and Answers Colonialism and the City
Colonialism and the City Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 6 Very Short Answers Type
Which cities of Britain grew rapidly in 19th and 20th century?
Industrial cities in Britain like Leeds and Manchester grew rapidly in 19th and 20th centuries.
Urbanisation means a process by which more and more people begin to reside in towns and cities.
Which Mughal emperor made the most splendid capital of all? Name the capital too.
The most splendid capital of all was built by Shah Jahan and the name was Shahjahanabad.
When and how did the British get control of Delhi?
In 1803, the British gained control of Delhi by defeating Marathas.
What is meant by cul – de – sacs?
It means street with a dead end.
Which time period has been referred to as a period of the Delhi Renaissance?
Period from 1830 – 1857 has been referred to as a period of Delhi Renaissance.
When was the Delhi College shut down?
It was turned into a school and shut down in 1877.
Name the two architects called on to design New Delhi and its building.
Two architects were Edward Lutyens and Herbert Baker.
How many years did New Delhi take to build?
New Delhi took nearly 20 years to be built.
What did the census of 1931 reveal about New Delhi?
It revealed that New Delhi had only about 3 persons per acre.
Name the most splendid capital built by Shahjahan in 1639.
Under which Mughal Administration Delhi became centre for Sufi culture?
In which years, Delhi became the capital of British India?
Who all use to live in the walled city of Delhi?
In Delhi British along with the wealthier Indians in the walled city.
In which year western wall of Shahjahanabad was broken to allow the expansion of the city?
Who organised Delhi Darbar to acknowledge Queen Victoria as the empress of India?
Lord Lytton in 1877 has organised it.
In how many years New Delhi was built.
It took nearly 20 years.
Name the new colonies made in Delhi at the time of partition?
Lajpat Nagar and Tilak Nagar.
Colonialism and the City Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 6 Short Answers Type
When and how was the Delhi Improvement Trust set up?
The Delhi Improvement trust was set up in 1936, and it built areas like Daryaganj South for wealthy Indians. Houses were grouped around parks. Within the houses, space was divided according to new rules of privacy. Instead of spaces being shared by many families or groups, now different members of the same family had their own private spaces within the home.
Why were Havelis were subdivided and sold?
Many Mughal admires were unable to maintain these large establishments under conditions of the British rule. Havelis, therefore, began to be subdivided and sold.
How did the large migration from Punjab change the social environment of Delhi?
The large migration from Punjab changed the social environment of Delhi as the urban culture largely based on Urdu was overshadowed by new tastes and sensibilities, in food, dress and the arts.
When was the announcement for shifting capital of India to Delhi was done?
In 1911, when king George V was crowned in England, a Durbar was held in Delhi to celebrate the occasion. The decision to shift the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi was announced at this Durbar.
Define the terms Dargah, Khanqah and Idgah.
- Dargah: The tomb of a Sufi saint.
- Khanqah: A Sufi lodge often used as a rest house for travellers and a place where people come to discuss spiritual matters, get the blessings of saint, and hear Sufi music.
- Idgah: It is a place where an open prayer of Muslims takes place. This place is primarily meant for id prayers.
What was condition of Delhi after the cruel partition?
After the partition took place riots began when over 2/3rd Muslims migrated from Delhi and almost 44000 homes were abandoned on the other hand. Delhi became a city of refugees with nearly 500,000 people added to the population of Delhi. New colonies such as Lajpat Nagar and Tilak Nagar came up at this time.
Colonialism and the City Class 8 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 6 Long Answers Type
How did the British make Delhi forget its Mughal past?
The British wanted Delhi to forget its Mughal past and for that, the area around the Fort was completely cleared of gardens, partitions and mosques. The British wanted a clean ground for the security reason.
Mosques, in particular, were either destroyed or put to other uses. The Zinat-al-Masjid was converted into a bakery. No worship was allowed in the Jama Masjid for 5 years. One-third of the city was demolished and its canals were filled up.
In 1870’s the western wall of Shahjahanabad were broken to establish the railway and to allow the city to expand beyond the walls. The British started living in sprawling Civil- Lines area that came up in the north, away from the Indians in the walled city. The Delhi College was turned into a school, and shut down in 1877.
Briefly Explain how did the Calcutta, Bombay and Madras Presidency become the centres of British power in the different regions of India.
In the late 18th century, Calcutta, Bombay and Madras rose in importance as Presidency cities. They became the centres of British power in the different regions of India. At the same time, a host of smaller cities declined. Many towns manufacturing specialised goods declined due to a drop in the demand and for what they produced.
Old trading centres and ports could not survive when the trade moved to new centres. Similarly, earlier centres of regional power collapsed where local rulers were defeated by the British and new centres of administration emerged. This process is often described as de-urbanisation this is how the Presidency cities rose in importance.
Picture Based Questions Class 8 History Chapter 6 Colonialism and the City
Look at the picture given below and answer the following questions:
1. Name the shrine shown in the picture.
2. Where the above-shown shrine located in India.
1. The picture is Dargah of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya.
2. It is in Delhi.