CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Political Science All India – 2013

Time Allowed: 3 Hours                                                                                          Maximum Marks: 100
General Instructions:

  1. All questions are compulsory.
  2. Question Numbers 1 to 10 are of one mark each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 20 words each.
  3.  Question Numbers 11 to 20 are of two marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 40 words each.
  4. Question Numbers 21 to 30 are of four marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
  5. Question Numbers 31 to 35 are of six marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 150 words each.
  6. Question Number 35 is based on the map. Write the answer in your Answer-Book.


Question.1. What is the main reason for beginning of the US hegemony in 1991 ? 1
Question.2. Define the ‘Bandwagon strategy’. 1
Question.3. Correct the following sentence and rewrite in your answer book:
The International Monetary Fund has five member countries and they enjoy equal status. 1
Question.4. Mention any two new threats to the security of a state. 1
Question.5. Who was popularly known as ‘the milkman of India’ ? 1
Question.6. What was ‘Bombay Plan’ ? 1
Question.7. Name the two main corttenders who contested the election for the post of President of India in 1969.1
Question.8. Who led the Railway strike in 1974 ? What was its main demand ? 1
Question.9. Which organisation of Assam led the movement against foreign nationals in 1979 ? 1
Question.10. Shetkari Sanghatana and Rayata Sangha belonged to which two respective states ?1
Question.11. Which were the two important features of the Soviet System ? 2×1 = 2
Question.12. State any two consequences of the ‘largest garage sale’ in history. 2×1 = 2
Question.13. What is meant by ‘hegemony’ ? 2
Question.14. Name any four main organs of the United Nations. 2
Question.15. What is meant by the non-traditional notion of security ? 2
Question.16. Mention any two merits of Green Revolution. 2×1 = 2
Question.17. Mention any two important features of Bhartiya Jana Sangh’s ideology. 2×1 = 2
Question.18. What were the two main consequences of Indo-Pakistan conflict of 1971 ? 2×1 = 2
Question.19. Highlight any two issues that dominate the politics of North-East India. 2×1 = 2
Question.20. What does a coalition government mean ? Mention any one example of such a government. 1 + 1 = 2
Question.21. Why is the policy of non-alignment of India criticised ? Explain any two reasons. 2×2 = 4
Question.22. Explain any four factors which make the European Union a highly influential organisation. 4×1 = 4
Question.23. Explain the hegemony of United States as a Hard Power. 4
Question.24. Describe India’s relations with China from Independence to 1962. 4
Question.25. State any four criteria that have been proposed in the recent years for new permanent and non-permanent members of the UN Security Council. 4×1 = 4
Question.26. Explain any four factors responsible for the development of globalisation. 4×1 = 4
Question.27. Who founded the Swatantra Party in 1959 ? Describe any three policies and programmes of this party. 1 + 3 = 4
Question.28. Explain India’s Nuclear policy. 4
Question.29. What reasons, do you think, were responsible for the declaration of emergency in 1975 ? Examine any two reasons. 2×2 = 4
Question.30. In the given political outline map of India, four States have been marked (A), (B), (C),and (D). Identify them with the help of the information given below and write their correct names in your answer-book with their respective serial number and the alphabet concerned : 4×1 = 4
(i) The State from where Chipko Movement began.
(ii) The State related to ‘Operation Blue Star’
(iii) The State which was liberated from the control of Portugal in December 1961.
(iv) The State which has been given a special status under Article 370.
Question.31. Study the passage given below carefully and answer the questions that follow:
The collapse of Communism was followed in most of these countries by a painful process of transition from an authoritarian socialist system to a democratic capitalist system … Privatisation of state assets and corporate ownership patterns were to be immediately brought in.
Questions: 3×2 = 6
(i) Why has the process of transition been described as painful ?
(ii) Which political system existed before the transition and which system replaced it, if any ?
(iii) What does privatisation imply ?
Study the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :
The two superpowers were keen On expanding their spheres of influence in different parts of the world. In a world sharply divided between the two alliance systems, a state was supposed to remain tied to its protective superpower to limit the influence of the other superpower and its allies…. Most countries of Western Europe sided with the US and those of the Eastern Europe joined the Soviet camp.
(i) Name the two superpowers.
(ii) Why did the allies want to remain tied with one of the superpowers ?
(iii) Why did the superpowers want to bring other countries into their camps ?
Question.32. Explain any three environmental concerns in global politics. 3×2 = 6
Explain the concept of globalisation and any two reasons for resistance to it. 2 + 4 = 6
Question.33. “Congress had remained a social and ideological coalition for a long period.” Justify the statement. 6
Assess the outcomes of the early phase of planned development in India.
Question.34. Mention any six steps taken for the restoration of dominance of the Congress Party after the 1971 elections. 6×1 = 6
Mention any six factors responsible for the defeat of the Congress Party in 1977 elections.
Question.35. What are popular movements ? Describe any four benefits of popular movements. 2+4 =6
Highlight any three issues on which a broad agreement has emerged among most of the political parties in India. 3×2 = 6


Question.1. What was the objective of founding the European Union ? 1
Question.5. Name any two opposition parties which were part of an electoral alliance in 1971, known as ‘Grand Alliance’. 1
Question.7. Name the present General Secretary of the United Nations who belongs to Asia. 1
Question.9. What was significant about PC Mahalanobis ? 1
Question.10. When was the first democratic election to Sikkim Assembly held and which party swept the elections ? 2
Question.13. Mention the names of any four permanent member states of the UN Security Council. Commissioner ? 1 + 1 = 2
Question.22. Describe any four main events of India’s war with Pakistan in 1965. 4 x 1=4
Question.24. Explain the new economic policies of China since 1978. 4
Question.26. Explain any two causes which led to the formation of ASEAN. 2×2 = 4
Question.28. Explain any four steps taken by the Government of India to curb the emission of green house gases. 4x 1 = 4
Question.35. Describe the growth and characteristics of the Farmers’ Movement led by Bharatiya Kisan Union since 1988. 6
Describe the Assam Movement against the outsiders from 1979 to 1985.


Question.2. Name the leader who had given up active politics, but was invited to lead the students’ movement in Bihar in 1974. 1
Question.3. Mention the main function of the World Trade Organisation. 1
Question.9. Who is the ex-officio chairperson of the Planning Commission of India ? 1
Question.13. Which are the two forms of cooperative security as per its traditional notion ? 2×1 = 2
Question.17. Name the pro-Soviet and pro-China factions of the Communist Party of India after the split. 2×1 = 2
Question.22. Explain any four causes of India’s war with Pakistan in 1971. 4×1 = 4
Question.24. How is democratisation going on in Nepal since 1990 ? 4
Question.26. What does SAARC stand for ? Highlight its any three main objectives. 1 + 3 = 4
Question.28. What is the meaning of ‘global commons’ ? Explain any two reasons for the dwindling of global commons. 2×2 = 4
Question.35. What is Sardar Sarovar Project ? What are the achievements of this movement ? Why is it being opposed ? 3×2 = 6
Describe any two secessionist movements of North-East India. 2×3 = 6

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