According to the Indian Partnership Act. “Partnership is the relations between persons who have agreed to share the profits of a business carried on by all or any of them acting for all.” Thus, both in joint venture and partnership there is some business activ,ity whose profit (or loss) is agreed to be shared by two or more than two persons. As a matter of fact in law, a joint venture is treated as a partnership. Of course, a partnership covers or is meant to cover a long period whereas ajoint venture is only for a limited purpose sought to be achieved in a short period. On account of this reason, joint venture is also sometimes termed as a temporary partnership’ or ‘partnership for a specific venture’ or ‘particular partnership’.

Joint Venture and Consignment

The following are the points of distinction between joint venture and consignment:

(1) .Relalionslnp: In case of a consignment transaction, the relationship between the consignor and the consignee is that of a principal and an agent. While in case of joint venture, the relationship amongst various venturers is that of partners, i.e., mutual agency. Each venturer is a principal as well as an agent for the other venturer.

(II) Sharing of profits: In case of consignment, the consignee gets only a commission on the goods sold by him on behalf of the consignor while in case of joint venture each venturer gets a share in the profits of the venture,

(iii) Transfer of risk: tn case of consignment, till the goods are sold the risk continues to be of consignor while ajoint venture is a temporary partnership hence the risk continues of all venturers.