CBSE previous Year Solved Papers Class 12 English Outside Delhi 2010
Time allowed : 3 hours Maximum Marks: 100
General Instructions :
- This paper is divided into three sections : A, B and C. All the sections are compulsory.
- Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them faithfully.
- Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.
Question.1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:
- Today’s woman is a highly self-directed person, alive to the sense of her dignity and the importance of her functions in the private domestic domain and the public domain of the world of work. Women are rational in approach, careful in handling situations and want to do things as best as possible. The Fourth World Conference of Women, held in Beijing in September 1995, had emphasized that no enduring solution of society’s most threatening social, economic and political problems could be found without the participation and empowerment of the women. The 1995, World Summit for Social Development had also emphasized the pivotal role of women in eradicating poverty and mending the social fabric.
- The Constitution of India had conferred on women equal rights and opportunities – political, social, educational and of employment – with men. Because of the oppressive traditions, superstitions, exploitation and corruption, a majority of women are not allowed to enjoy the rights and opportunities, bestowed on them. One of the major reasons for this state of affairs is the lack of literacy and awareness among women. Education is the main instrument through which we can narrow down, the prevailing inequality and accelerate the process of economic and political change in the status of women. ‘
- The role of women in a society is very important. Women’s education is the key to a better life in the future. A recent World Bank study says that educating girls is not a charity, it is good economics and if developing nations are to eradicate poverty, they must educate the girls. The report says, that the economic and social returns on investments in education of the girls considerably affect the Human Development Index of the nation. Society would progress only if the status of women is respected and the presence of an educated woman in the family would ensure education of the family itself. Education and empowerment of women are closely related.
- Women’s education has not received due care and attention from the planners and policy makers. The National Commission for women has rightly pointed out that even after 50 years of Independence, women continue to be treated as .the single-largest group of backward citizens of India. The role of women in overall development has not been fully understood nor has it been given its full weight
in the struggle to eliminate poverty, hunger, injustice and inequality at the national level. Even, when we are at the threshold of the 21st century, our society still discriminates against women in matters of their rights and privileges and prevents them from participating in the process of national and societal progress. Various committees and commissions have been constituted before and after Independence to evaluate the progress in women’s education and to suggest ways and means to enhance the status of women. The female literacy rate has gone up in the 20th century from 0.6 percent in 1901 to 39.29 percent in 1991 but India still possesses the largest number of illiterate women in the world. The Female Literacy Index for the year 1991 shows that there are eight states which fall below the national average. The most populous states of the country, UP, MP, Bihar and Rajasthan fall in the category of most backward states as far as female literacy is concerned. .
- The prevailing cultural norms of gender behaviour and . the perceived domestic and reproductive roles of women tend to affect the education of the.girls. Negative attitude towards sending girls to schools, restrictions on their mobility, early marriage, poverty and illiteracy of parents affect the girls’ participation in education.
- Women’s political empowerment got a big boost with the Panchayati Raj Act of 1993 which gave them 30 percent reservation in Village Panchayats, Block samities and Zila Parishads throughout the country. The National Commission for women was also set up in 1992, to act as a lobby for women’s issues.
- The educational system is the only institution which can counteract the deep foundations of inequality of sexes that are built in the minds of people through the socialisation process. Education, is the most important instrument of human resource development. Educational system should be used to revolution is the traditional attitudes and inculcate new values of equality.
(a) (i) Mention any two attributes of a modem woman.
Answer : (i) Women are careful in handling situations.
(ii) They are rational in their approach.
(ii) Why is women’s participation and empowerment
considered necessary ?
Answer : Society’s most threatening social, economic and political problem’s solution could not be found without the participation and empowerment of women.
(iii) Which factors adversely affect the education of
Answer : The prevailing cultural norms of gender bias ness and the perceived domestic and reproductive roles of women tend to affect the education of the girls.
(iv) What benefits did the women get with the enactment of the Panchayat Raj Act of 1993 ?
Answer: The women got 30% reservation in village Panchayats, Block samities and Zila parishads, throughout the country with the enactment of the Panchayat Raj Act of 1993.
(v) By what process can we remove the sense of inequality of sexes from the minds of the people ?
Answer : The educational system is the only institution which can remove the sense of inequality of sexes from the minds of the people through the socialisation process.
(b) Pick out words from the passage which mean the same as each of the following:
(i) Gruel and unfair (para 2)
(ii) Remove (para 3)
(iii) full of people (para 4)
Question.2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:
Despite all the research, each one of us catches cold and most of us catch it frequently. Our failure to control one of the commonest of all ailments, sometimes seems ridiculous. Medical Science regularly practices transplant surgery and has rid many a countries of such killing diseases as Typhus and the Plague. But the problem of common cold, is unusually difficult and much is yet to be done to solve it.
It is known that a cold is caused by one of a number of viral infections that affect the lining of the nose and other passage leading to the lungs but the confusing variety of viruses makes study and remedy very difficult. It was shown in 1960 that many typical colds in adults are caused by one or the other of a family of viruses known as rhinoviruses, yet there still remain many colds for which no virus has yet been isolated. There is also the difficulty that because they are so much smaller, than the bacteria, which causes many other infections, viruses cannot be seen with ordinary microscopes. Nor can they be cultivated easily in the bacteriologists laboratory, since they only grow within the living cells of animals or plants. An important recent step forward, however, is the development of the technique of tissue culture, in which bits of animal tissue are enabled and to multiply independently of the body. This has greatly aided virus research and has led to the discovery of a large number of viruses. Their ^existence had previously been not only unknown but even unsuspected. .
The fact that we can catch cold repeatedly creates another difficulty. Usually a virus strikes only once and leaves the victim immune to further attacks. Still we do not gain immunity from colds. Why ? It may possibly be due to the
fact that while other viruses get into the bloodstream where antibodies can oppose them — the viruses causing cold attack cells only on the surface. Or it may be that immunity from one of the many different viruses does not guarantee protection from all others. It seems, therefore, that we are likely to have to suffer colds for some time yet.
(a) On the basis of your reading of the above passage, make notes on it in points only, using abbreviations wherever necessary. Also suggest a suitable title.
Title: Difficulties of Common Cold.
(i) Common cold
(a) everyone catches
(b) Med Sc. failed to control
(c) much has to be done in order to cure it.
(a) viral infections
(b) variety of viruses
(c) family virus known as Rhino.
(a) too small to be seen under microscp
(b) leaves victim immune to further attacks
(c) can’t be cured by anti bods.
(b) Write a summary of the above passage in about 80 words using the notes made.
Everyone catches cold and the cure of it has not been found yet. Medical Science has failed to control it. It is caused by viral infections that affect the lining of the nose and other passages. The confusing variety of viruses, makes the study difficult. Family virus rhinovirus is also responsible for it. The viruses are so small that they can neither be seen with microscope nor cultivated in laboratory. This virus leaves the. victim immune to further attacks. They do not get into the bloodstream where antibodies can oppose them. Therefore, we have to suffer from cold for some time yet.
SECTION – B
(ADVANCED WRITING SKILLS)
Question.3. You are the Secretary of your School Literary Association. Write a notice in not more than 50 words for your school notice board, giving details of the proposed inauguration of the Literary Association of your school. You are ‘XYZ’ of Jain Vidyashram, Cuddalore.
You are the General Manager of E.V.L. Company which requires posh bungalows on company lease, as guest houses. Draft an advertisement in not more than 50 words under classified columns to be published in “The New Indian Express”1.
Question.4.Your school organized an exhibition-cum-sale of the items prepared under Work Experience by your school students. There was an overwhelming response from the public. Prepare a report in 100-125 words for a local daily. You are the Co-ordinator, S.U.P.W activities, Nita School, Gurgaon.
Your school organized a seminar on Swine Flu for creating awareness among students of your school, and then- parents. As Secretary of the Health Club of Oasis Public School, Hyderabad, write a report in 100-125 words for ‘The Deccan Herald’.
Report: Co-Ordinator (S.U.PW. Activities)
Nita School, Gurgaon
12th February, 20XX .
An Exhibition Cum Sale of the items prepared by students of our school under Work Experience was organized in the school premises on 3rd and 4th February. The exhibition was inaugurated by honorable Principal, Mr. N.M. Pareek. Parents as well as public were cordinally invited to watch the efforts of the children. Students showed their skills with exuberance. The items made by the students included models and products made with discarded material which has some utility. As the name itself suggests, Socially Useful Productive Work, the exhibition proved to be truly useful and the sale was also high. The exhibition showcased the creativity and talents of the students’ right from the junior section to the senior ones. It was applauded by one and all. The effort of the students was commendable and the response from the public was overwhelming which encouraged more and more students to be a part of S.U.P.W.
A Seminar on Swine Flu
Report: Secretary (Health Club)
Oasis Public School, Hyderabad
25th March, 20XX
A seminar on ‘Swine Flu’ was organized on 20th March, 20XX in Oasis Public School, Hyderabad to create awareness among students and their parents. School chairman Mr. L.N. Sharma was the chief guest. In his welcome speech, he told that swine influenza, is a contagious respiratory disease that normally effects pigs but has harmful effects on human beings also, if they come in contact with infected pigs. The seminar was attended by several eminent doctors and medical officers who suggested ways to cure this disease. Students from “* other schools were also invited to present their views on the symptoms of the Flu and the precautions to be taken. It was told by the doctors, that although the vaccines for swine flu are available in medical stores but if not cured in time, it may • prove to be fatal. The parents found this seminar extremely beneficial as they also became aware of the causes and cures of this disease. A team of medical experts told that it is just like seasonal flu and can be reduced by maintaining good hygiene.
Question.5.Write a letter to the Editor, ‘The Hindu’, Chennai about rash and reckless driving by the people in your city, suggesting preventive measures. You are Kamal/Kanwar of 10, Mount Road, Velacherry.
You have shifted your residence froih 10, Lajpat Road to House No. 232, Aurobindo Marg, Delhi. Write a letter to the General Manager, MTNL, requesting him for an early transfer of your telephone line. You are Rohit /Radhika of 15, The Mall, Amritsar.
10, Mount Road,
Velacherry 10th April, 20XX
The Editor The Hindu
Subject: Rash and Reckless driving
Through the columns of your esteemed newspaper, I would like to share my views on the increasing cases of rash and reckless driving in the city. This has created havoc in the city as it has become a routine habit of the people to drive at a very fast speed even in the colonies which results into one or two cases of accidents. Due to the negligence of the people, sometimes small children playing in the lanes become victims. The people who are responsible for these accidents are generally teenagers who are given bikes by their parents or they borrow it from their friends tp show off. I have noticed many times that they do stunts on the busy roads which is not only risky for others’ lives but their lives too. Number of accidents have been increasing daily which sometimes results in the loss of life. This should be controlled and traffic police should take strict action against it. Teenagers should not be given the permission to drive until they are perfecdy trained to drive on the roads. If the driver is found, the registration of the vehicle should be cancelled or the driving license should be seized.
Hope this letter would leave an impact on the public. Thanking you Yours Sincerely,
Kamal (A resident)
15, The Mall Amritsar .
18th June, 20XX
The General Manager MTNL •
Subject: Early transfer of telephone line
This is to inform you that I, Radhika of 15, The Mall, Amritsar, have shifted my residence from 10, Lajpat Road to House No. 232, Aurobindo Marg, Delhi for a minimum period of three years. You know that Delhi is a vast city and the distances are too much that it is impossible to reach
anywhere within a short time. In such a situation the only means of communication left with us is the telephone. But getting the telephone line transferred immediately after shifting will take a lot of time. So I request you for an early transfer of telephone line to avoid any inconvenience. I am submitting all the papers required for the transfer of line. Thanking You Yours Sincerely,
Question.6. As compared to the older generation the youth of today are gteady inclined to pursue adventurous activities either for money or for fun. There is a latest craze for joining reality shows, rafting, rock climbing, mountaineering etc. Write an article in 150-200 words on which life would you prefer- safe or adventurous.
Science attempts to explore the secrets of nature while religion wants to reveal the very purpose of existence. The aim of both Science and Religion is to discover the truth. Write an article in 150-200 words on ‘Science and Religion’.
‘Which Life Would You Prefer—Safe or Adventurous ?’
Adventurous life has attracted youth a lot and it has become the fastest growing charm. It result due to either fun or money. That is why adventure tourism has grown in decades. Adventure life excites and rejuvenates a man; so more and more youth are fascinated by it. Experiencing the life in the lap of nature rock climbing, river rafting, jungle safari, mountaineering, skiing etc. is totally a different experience. Now-a-day’s adventure tour operators are flourishing only because of the increasing popularity of adventurous trips by people. They enjoy new experience and seek out thrills, but, it involves risk equally. These activities signify danger and attract people who are ready to gamble their personal safety. They risk their life in search of a rush of excitement or an unusual accomplishment. The reality shows have also prompted our youth to take part in risky adventurous games by promising fabulous prizes and stardom. Some people try these stunts at home putting their life in extreme danger. It is impossible to understand why people engage in such activities.
Science And Religion
Science and Religion, we can say are the two sides of a coin. The relationship between Science and Religion has been a subject of study since ages. It has been a subject of conflict and harmony among different regions, cultures and Historians. Both science and religion pursue knowledge of the universe and search truth using different7 methods. The only difference is that Science needs reasons and evidence whereas Religion relies on faith and revelation. Although Scientific innovations are all based on the religious findings, they claim which to be their own researches. Science tries to find the secrets of nature while Religion tells the reason of our existence. Religion is based upon trust quite away from the arguments presented by Science. That is why they are termed as two sides to a coin. Scientific facts may be influenced by religion but many people reject this idea. Religion stands upon tradition whereas science is factual but the objectives of both Science and Religion is human welfare. In fact, both are complementary to each other
SECTION – C
Question.7. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
… on their slag heap, these children
Wear skins peeped through by bones and spectacles of steel
With mended glass, like bottle bits on stones.
All of their time and space are foggy slum So blot their maps with slums as big as doom.
(a) Which two images are used to describe these slums ?
Answer : The two images used to describe these slums are :
(i) Foggy slums
(ii) Slums as big as’deom.
(b) What sort of life do these children lead ?
Answer : These children lead a miserable life confined to their dark and damp slums. Their childhood is lost on slag and heaps of garbage.
(c) Which figure of speech is used in the last line ?
Question.8. Answer any three of the following in 30-40 words each :
(a) What is the significance of the parting words of the poetess and her smile in ‘My Mother at Sixty-Six’ ?
Answer: ‘The parting words’…. See you soon Amma’ means that the poetess is doubtful about meeting her mother again as she is frail and too old.
(b) According to the poet, what is it that human beings can learn from nature ? (Keeping Quiet)
Answer : Human beings can learn to construct rather than destruct, from nature. It teaches us the art of preserving life, beneath the apparent dark surfaces, there is life.
(c) What makes human beings love life in spite of troubles and sufferings ? (A Thing of Beauty)
Answer : The beauty of nature, rivers, mountains, fresh air, flowers, the sun, the moon, the green pastures and all beautiful things make human beings love life.
(d) What will happen to Aunt Jennifer’s tigers when she is dead ?
Answer : The tigers created by Aunt Jennifer will keep on prancing in the panel after her death!
Question.9. Answer the following in 30-40 words each :
(a) What changes came over little Franz after he heard M. Hamel’s announcement ? (The Last Lesson)
Answer : When Franz came to know about M. Hamel’s announcement, he was shocked. He felt sad and regretted for not being attentive in the class and serious about his studies.
(b) Why does the author say that the Bangle makers are caught in a vicious web ? (Lost Spring)
Answer : The Bangle makers are said to be caught in a vicious web because they are exploited by sahukars, middlemen, policemen, bureaucrats and politicians. They are not able to make their co-operative societies for their benefit.
(c) Why was Edla happy to see the gift left by the peddler ? (The Rattrap)
Answer:When Edla heard about the theft at the Crofters house, she became sad. On reaching home she discovered that the peddler had not taken anything from her house and left a small rattrap as a gift and three, ten stolen kronors, because of which she became extremely happy.
(d) Why did Sophie like her brother Geoff more than any other person ?
Answer : Sophie liked her brother Geoff more than any other person because he was the only one who took interest in her imaginary wild stories. Moreover, he never revealed her secret to anyone and being a motor mechanic, she used to roam with him everywhere.
Question.10. Answer the following in 125-150 words :
“… there was terror in my heart at the overpowering force of the waves”. When did Douglas start fearing water ? “Which experience had further strengthened its hold on his mind and personality ?
Answer: Douglas’ first experience of water was horrific. He was with his father on a beach in California when a strong wave swept him over and terrified him completely. So Douglas was eleven years old when he started learning swimming in Y.M.C.A. pool. It was safe, as its depth at the end was only two feet. However the further end was nine feet deep. One day he was sitting alone on the edge of the pool when a strong young man threw him into the deep end of the pool for fun. He was nearly drowned. He could not come out of water and thus left the idea of swimming. The fear of water persisted with him for many years.
Then he decided to overcome his fear of water because he could no more enjoy water sports like canoeing, boating, swimming, etc. Moreover, he could not enjoy river bath. He had faith in the words spoken by Roosevelt, “All we have to fear is the fear itself”, .which gave him strength. He hired
an instructor to learn swimming. The instructor put all his efforts to turn him into a good swimmer.
Question.11. Answer the following in 125-150 words :
Why did Mr. Lamb try to give courage and confidence to Derry ?
Answer : Derry and Mr. Lamb shared the same problem of loneliness as they were physically disabled. They both lived a secluded life. Mr. Lamb had an Apple garden and he kept his gates always open. When Derry came to his garden, he welcomed him. He found a companion in him as Derry was too suffering the same pain as Mr. Lamb was. Mr. Lamb was disabled but was calm and maintained peace with people around him and he infused the same feeling in Derry. He encouraged Derry . also to face his disability boldly. Before coming in contact with Mr. Lamb, Derry felt lonely due to the behaviour of the people- but Lamb inspired him and filled him with self-confidence and determination. He taught him to move ahead in life as his brain and senses were working fully. He imbibed positive thinking in him and developed a kind of sympathy with him, thus showing him the way to live in this world in spite of his disability.
Question.12. Answer the following in 30-40 words each :
(a) What did the British Officer’s Secretary tell the Maharaja ? Why did the Maharaja refuse permission ?
Answer : The British Officers Secretary revealed his desire to kill the tigers but the Maharaja refused the permission as according, to an astrologer, his death would be caused by a tiger and if he allowed him to kill the tiger, the number of tigers would be reduced.
(b) Why did the messenger come to Dr. Sadao ? What did
Hana think about it ?
Answer : Since The General was extremely ill and would require 2011 Dr. Sadao’s service any moment for an operation, therefore a messenger was sent to call him. When he came to his house, Hana thought that he had come to arrest him on account of giving shelter to an enemy.
(c) Why did Evans not take off his hat when Jackson ordered him to do so ?
Answer : Evans had curly hair but he had shaved his head to remain in disguise. So he did not take off his hat when Jackson ordered him to do so. Instead he told Jackson that, the hat was lucky for him.
(d) Why was Zitkala-Sa terrified when Judewin told her that her hair would be cut short ?
Answer : Zitkala-Sa was terrified when Judewin told her that her hair would be cut short because in her community, keeping long hair was the symbol of bravery and only those warriors who were punished, had their hair shingled.
Note : Except for the following questions, all the remaining questions have been asked in previous sets.
SECTION – B
(ADVANCED WRITING SKILLS)
Question.5. Write a letter to the Secretary, Youth Hostels, Jaipur, requesting him to provide accommodation for 3 days to 4 members of your family going on a tour of Rajasthan. You are Kamini / Kamlesh, Gandhinagar, Chennai.
20th June, 20XX
Youth Hostel, Jaipur
Subject: Accommodation for 4 members for three days
This is to inform you that a tour to Rajasthan has been planned by my family. You, are requested to arrange for an accommodation for four members for three days in your hostel. Kindly arrange for; food also. As it’s a new place for
us, we would be obliged if you could arrange a taxi from 10 a.m. to 5.p.m. at reasonable rates. Please ensure that the cab driver has been registered with the government authority and should be honest as we come across few cases of unscrupulous ways of drivers on a daily basis.
Payment will be done only after checking out and it will be according to your terms and conditions provided that all the facilities will be given to us on time.
Thanking You Yours Sincerely,
Question.6.It is due to cable television that programmes are brought to our homes day and night for all the seven days in a week. It has brought a lot of change in the lifestyle of the people. Write an article in 150-200 words on ‘Cable TV-A Boon or A Bane’.
India is standing at the threshold of joining the developed nations but that is not possible till we achieve complete literacy in the country. The contribution of students may be very significant in achieving our goals. Write an article in 150-200 words on “The Role of the Students in Removing Illiteracy”.
‘Cable TV-A Boon or A Bane’
On an average, a person spends 40% of his time watching TV. In the last two decades, television has become the most powerful means of entertainment. On top of it, cable TV has brought a revolution in the lifestyle of people. The cable TV has invaded our rooms and we have become addicted to it. In case there is power failure or fault in cable, we feel paralyzed and it seems as if something is missing from our daily routine.
Nobody, has remained unaffected by its influence, be it children or the aged. From films to cartoons, news channels to sports channels, serials to music channels, every channel has its unlimited viewers. Advertisements have their own positive as well as negative effects both on youth and elders. Many times we shirk away our important work for the sake of watching a movie or a daily soap. There is repeated telecast also of the programs and that is not only once, but twice or thrice. Our outdoor activities, reading habits, social life has also not remained unaffected by watching TV. We prefer staying at home, confined to our rooms, watching television instead of going out. That is why it is called the “Idiot Box”. We should find better alternatives like going for picnic, playing outdoor games, visiting relatives etc. instead of merely watching television.
The Role of the Students
in Removing Illiteracy
Any country’s progress depends on its youth. One cannot deny their importance in building and upliftment of a nation. They play a vital role in the development of a country. It is a known fact that in India, there are mostly villages, and the people living in these villages are mostly illiterate. They don’t even know to write their names and recognition of letters is far beyond from their reach. So it, becomes the duty of the youth to dedicate their services to teach the, illiterate but also the most important community of our country. The villagers are bound by the superstitions and it is necessary to remove these beliefs from their minds. The students are the only ones who can change their mindset and transform them. They can easily teach them after their school hours and tell them the new techniques which would be helpful in their farming process. The students should divide themselves in groups of four or five and start giving evening classes to the illiterate people of their respective areas. With the increase in the population, the responsibilities of students have also increased. Their role is full of challenges and they, can only bring revolutionary changes in making India a progressive and prosperous country.
SECTION – C
Question.12. Answer the following in 30-40 words each :
(a) Why do you think, was the Maharaja in danger of losing his throne ?
Answer : According, to an astrologer’s prediction, the Maharaja started to kill tigers, but when a high ranked British Official wished to hunt tigers, the Maharaja did not allow him and even refused to get him photographed near the carcass of tiger. Thus, he was in danger of losing his kingdom.
(b) What forced Dr. Sadao to be impatient and irritated with his patient ?
Answer : Dr. Sadao was sheltering an enemy by putting his position and life in high risk. This secret was soon aired and he became worried. Therefore he thought of a plan to get rid of his patient.
Note : Except for the following questions, all the remaining questions have been asked in previous sets.
SECTION – B
(ADVANCED WRITING SKILLS)
Question.5.There is a flood of advertisements on television channels these days. Useless commodities and even superstitious beliefs are promoted through glamorous and exaggerated* presentations. Write a letter to the Editor, ‘New Indian Express’ about the negative influence such advertisements have on the minds of the people. You are Radha/Ramesh of MayurVihar, Lucknow.
Write a letter to the Manager, Haldirams, Nagpur, requesting him to supply 60 lunch packets for your excursion party which would be travelling by G.T. Express from Delhi to Chennai. Your train would reach Nagpur at 12.15 p.m. Mention your coach number and the other relevant details. You are Priti/Pritam, Co-ordinator of the Excursion Party of Sriram Vidya Niketan, Delhi.
23rd October, 20XX
New Indian Express
Subject: Negative Influence of Advertisements .
Through the esteemed columns of your newspaper, I would like to bring to your notice the influence that the advertisements have on the minds of the public. The aim of the advertisements is to present a commodity in the best way and promote its selling. This dramatization is done by the celebrities from the field of film line, sports etc. They have positive and negative impact both, on our minds. But most of time these ads lure people by representing their product , falsely. Based on the images of fairness creams, women often feel attracted towards them and they spend a lot of money buying them. These ads communicate false images of men also which are unrealistic. So, these ads should not be promoted and action should be taken against the companies for promoting their false product.
Hope my letter would drive a positive response.
Thanking You Yours Sincerely,
Radha (Mayur Vihar)
Sriram Vidya Niketan
14th April, 20XX The Manager Haldirams, Nagpur
Subject: Supply of 60 lunch packets for excursion party.
This is to inform you that an excursion party to Chennai is being organized for 60 members. These people will be travelling by G.T. Express from Delhi to Chennai via Nagpur. The train will reach Nagpur station at 12.15 p.m. and stop for about half an hour. The party will be requiring lunch there as after that the train will not halt at any big station.
Therefore, I request you to arrange for 60 lunch packets for the party. It must include Chapati, dal, mix vegetable, rice and fresh salad. Please do not pack raita as there are chances of spilling. I hope that all the items would be fresh and as per our requirement. Kindly ensure that the packets should reach coach No. S-7. You are requested to be ready with packets at platform No. 1 before the arrival of the train. Payment will be done only after getting the packets.
Thanking you Yours Sincerely,
(Co-ordinator, Sriram Vidya Niketan)
Question.6. The other day you visited the grain market at Azamgarh. There you saw sacks of wheat being carried in over loaded * bullock carts by emaciated oxen. You felt disturbed by the cruelty meted out to harmless animals. Write an article in 150-200 words suggesting ways to prevent cruelty towards animals.
Compulsory value-based education is the only remedy for inculcating values among the future citizens of the country. This will also help in the prevention of crime in the country. Write an article in 150-200 words on the needs of compulsory value-based education.
Cruelty to Animals
The sight I saw in the grain market was really heart rending. The sacks of wheat were being carried in over loaded bullock carts and the lean and weak oxen hanged in the air as it is was lifted up by the overloaded cart. The ‘PETA’, i.e. People for Ethical Treatment of Animals get awards daily but in reality the situation is entirely different. The prevention of cruelty to animals appears only in news. In fact, the innocent animals are ill-treated and neglected every day. Nobody, cares about the agony of the animals. On a daily basis we come across a sight or two where the horses, donkeys, camels, oxen, etc. are subjected to utter cruelty by heartless human beings.
The owners overload the carts carrying goods and the police turn their eyes blind by taking bribes or on the pretext that the tradesman is poor. I don’t understand why these people refuse to see that the animals cannot narrate their sufferings but they do feel. They have equal right on earth as we have.
It’s high time, to realize that we have a responsibility towards these meek creatures of God which demand our care and love too.
Value Education—The need of the HourIn this fast changing and competitive world, the values and ethics are deteriorating. The moral dilemmas andconflicting values have become too common. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure a curriculum which enables a child to revive his lost values and think and feel right. Only then, a stable and morally integrated future generation will be developed. This can be done through value education which has rightly been projected as a national priority in the National Educational Policy. The children can thus attain self-esteem, dignity and enhance their ability to decide between the good, and bad, right and wrong. Till now the whole emphasis is on academic progress but now it’s time for value education to find its place in the curriculum. The field of value education is as vast as life itself. It touches every aspect of human life and personality. There is sharp decline in the moral standards of the people due to diplomatic attitude and changing interests. The situation is alarming as the ethics and values are in a state of constant flux and this is leading to deterioration of civic sense as well as the country. The main aim of people is only the accumulation of money by any means for which the crime graph is consistently rising high. They have forgotten their moral duties and consideration for the fellowmen. Thus, value education should be taught in the schools on a regular.
SECTION – C
Question.8. Answer any three of the following in 30-40 words each :
(d) Why do you think Aunt Jennifer created animals that are so different from her own character ?
Answer : Aunt Jennifer had experienced constraints in her married life. The ring around her finger symbolizes, the weights of her marriage so she created tigers which are representative of the freedom that she aspires for.
Question.9.Answer the following in 30-40 words each :
(e) What did Sophie tell Geoff about her meeting with Danny Casey ?
Answer : Sophie told her brother Geoff that she had met Danny Casey in the arcade and that he was not very tall. He had green eyes and was gentle.
12. Answer the following in 30-40 words each:
(a) What led the Maharaja to start out on a tiger hunt ?
Answer : The Maharaja was told by an astrologer that a tiger would become the cause of his death at the time his birth born. So, he began his tiger hunt as soon as he was entitled to the throne.
(b) In what context does Hana remember General Takima ? What does she infer ?
Answer : Dr. Sadao was sheltering a prisoner of war from .U.S.A., the country with which they were involved in a war. They were always in terror of getting labelled with the tag of terrorist. Thus, she remembered the General in the content that he would support-them in case of any questioning by the authority.