Important Points Regarding Manufacturing Account
1. Stocks. In case of a manufacturer, there can be stocks of three types:
Stock of raw materials. It includes stock of raw materials or finished components which might have been purchased by the manufactrn-er for using them in the products manufactured by him but still lying unsold.
Stock of work-in-process. This is also tenned as stock of work-in-progress. It includes goods in semi-finished form.
Stock of finished goods. It includes stock of those goods which have been completely processed and are lying unsold at the end of a period with the manufacturer. It also includes stock of those finished goods which might have been purchased by a manufacturer-cum-trader from outside parties, but still lying unsold with him at the end of the accounting period.
2. Raw materials consumed. It is customary to show in the Manufacturing Account, the value of raw materials consumed for manufacturng goods during a particular period.
3.Carriage inwards, etc. The expenses incurred for bringing the raw materials to the factory or the octroi or customs duty paid by the manufacturer on the raw materials purchased or imported by him will also be charged to Manufacturing Account.
4.Cost of production. The Manufacturing Account gives the cost of manufacturing the goods during a particular period. This is comuted by deducting from the total of the dedit side of the Manufacturing Account, the total of the various items appearing on the credit side of the Manufacturing Account as shown in the proforma of the Manufacturing Account given earlier in the chapter.
5. Sale of scrap. In manufacturing operations, certain scrap is unavoidable, it may or may not have any sales value. In order to calculate the true cost of manufacturing the goods, it is necessary that the money realised on account of sale of scrap (or realisable value of the scrap in case it has not been sold) should be considered. The amount of scrap is, therefore, credited to the Manufacturing Account.