Factual passages: convey information in a straightforward and direct manner about a particular subject. Usually, the language and style are simple and clear. Factual passages may give instructions or descriptions or report of an event or a new finding.

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Unseen Passage for Class 8 Factual CBSE With Answers

Comprehension means understanding or perception. The following points are to be carefully noted while attempting questions on comprehension.

  • Go through the passage carefully and arrive at the general idea of the subject the passage presents.
  • Read the passage a second time to get a better understanding of the subject.
  • Arrive at the meaning of difficult words by relating them to the preceding and following sentences.
  • Underline relevant words and phrases (key words) in the passage which can help you deduce the answers.
  • Read the questions carefully.
  • Answer the questions precisely using simple language.
  • Your answers should reveal your understanding of the passage.
  • If you are asked to provide a suitable title or heading to the passage remember the title is hidden either in the beginning or ending of the passage.
  • The title should relate to the main idea of the passage and should be brief.

A factual passage deals with facts usually shared in the form of reports, scientific articles and historical descriptions.

Unseen Passage Solved Example With Answers for Class 8 Factual CBSE

The Holocaust was a systematic elimination and killing of six million Jews by the Nazi rule and its collaborators. The Nazis came to power in Germany in January 1933 and believed that Germans were ‘racially superior’ and that the Jews, deemed ‘inferior’, were a threat to the so-called German racial community. In 1933, there were over nine million Jews in Europe and most European Jews lived in countries that Nazi Germany would go on to occupy or influence during World War II. By 1945, the Germans and their collaborators killed nearly two out of every three European Jews as part of the Nazi policy to murder the Jews of Europe. Between 1941 and 1944, Nazi German authorities deported millions of Jews to ghettos and to killing centres, often called extermination camps. Here, the Jews were murdered in specially developed gassing facilities.

Anne Frank was one of the over one million Jewish children who died in the Holocaust. In July 1942, Anne and her family went into hiding in a secret attic apartment behind the office of the family-owned business.

Anne called in her diary as the Secret Annex. On 4 August 1944, the Gestapo (German Secret State Police) arrested the Franks and sent them to Auschwitz, a concentration camp complex in German occupied Poland. Unfortunately, Anne and her sister died of typhus in March 1945. Only Anne’s father, Otto, survived the war. Soviet forces liberated Otto at Auschwitz on 27 January 1945.

While in hiding, Anne kept a diary where she recorded her fears, hopes and experiences. The dairy was found in the secret apartment and was published after the war in many languages. It is used in middle school and high school curricula in Europe and the Americas.

Question 1.
Why did the Nazis want to kill the Jews?
The Nazis wanted to kill the Jews because they believed that the Jews were inferior to the ‘racially superior’ Germans and a threat to the so-called German racial community.

Question 2.
The Nazis came to power in
a. 1941
b. 1945
c. 1933
d. 1939
c. 1933

Question 3.
Why did Anne and her family have to go into hiding?
When the Nazis came to power in Germany, they began arresting Jews to deport them to concentration camps and kill them. Anne was a Jewish girl and her family went into hiding to escape the Nazis.

Question 4.
Why were the Jews sent to Auschwitz?
Auschwitz was a concentration camp complex in German-occupied Poland. Nazi German authorities deported millions of Jews to concentration camps to kill them.

Question 5.
Find words in the passage that mean
a. removal
b. associate
c. execution
a. elimination
b. collaborator
c. extermination

Unseen Passage Practice Example for Class 8 Factual CBSE

Read the passage and answer the following questions.

At 2 pm on 5 December 1945, five US bombers took off from Fort Lauderdale in the USA for a training flight in perfect weather. Shortly afterwards, the pilots radioed that their flight instruments were malfunctioning. Two hours after take-off, all contact with the planes was lost. A reconnaissance plane was immediately dispatched to search for the missing planes. Within 20 minutes, radio contact with it had also been lost. No trace of any of the planes was ever found. In all, six planes and 27 men had vanished into the air.

The disappearance of the six planes was far from being the first mysterious incident in the area: for years, navigational problems and strange magnetic forces had been reported. The disappearance was not even the greatest disaster within the triangle. The Cyclops, a 19,000- ton US ship, was sailing from Barbados to Norfolk, Virginia. In March 1918, it vanished with its crew of 309 from the surface of the ocean without making a distress call and without the slightest wreckage ever being found.

The losses of boats and planes in that area defy explanation. The disasters are the origin of a new phrase in the English language – the Bermuda Triangle. The Bermuda Triangle has been called the Devil’s Triangle, the Triangle of Death and the Graveyard of the Atlantic. It has swallowed upto 140 ships and planes and more than 1,000 people. Today, many airmen and sailors are still afraid of that area of the Atlantic Ocean.

Answer the following questions.

Question 1. Where was Fort Lauderdale located?
Question 2. What happened on 5 December 1945?
Question 3. What happened in March 1918?
Question 4. What are the different names given to the Bermuda Triangle?
Question 5. Find words from the passage which mean
a. investigation
b. remains
c. challenge