Transformation of sentences means to change the form of a sentence without changing its meaning. A simple sentence can be changed into a complex or a compound sentence and vice versa. Similarly, an interchange of affirmative, negative, and interrogative sentences can be done; without changing their meaning. Given below are some of the ways to transform a sentence.

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Sentence Transformation Exercises for Class 8 CBSE With Answers Pdf

It is possible to transform one type of sentence to another type without changing the meaning of the sentence.
This process is known as transformation of sentences. A declarative sentence can be changed to the interrogative and vice versa. No one knows when the train will arrive in Delhi. (declarative)
Does no one knows when the train will arrive in Delhi. (interrogative)
Is this the kind of dress to wear to school? (interrogative)
This is not the kind of dress one should wear to school. (declarative)
An exclamatory sentence can be changed to the declarative.
How peacefully the infant lies in its cot! (exclamatory)
The infant lies peacefully in its cot. (declarative)
How can I ever forget those happy days! (exclamatory)
I can never forget those happy days. (declarative)

Although an exclamatory sentence can be transformed into a declarative sentence, in many occasions the ex clamatory sentence is preferred for the emotional effect that it imparts.

Transforming Affirmative Sentences to Negative
It is possible to transform affirmative sentences to negative sentences and vice-versa, without changing their meaning

  • By replacing certain words and expressions with their antonyms

All the students like the new teacher.
This medicine is expensive.

  • By changing the degree of comparison.

None of the students dislike the new teacher.
This medicine is not cheap / inexpensive.

Iron is more durable than wood.
Aamir is the tallest boy in the class.

Wood is not as durable as iron.
No other boy in the class is as tall as Aamir.

  • By replacing too (adjective) ‘to’ infinitive with so (adjective) that … can not I could not I would net.

It is too hot to play outside.
The man was too proud to beg.

It is so hot that we cannot play outside.
The man was so proud that he would not beg.

  • By replacing as soon as I hardly had … when with no sooner than.

As soon as I reached the station the train arrived.

No sooner did I reach the station than the train arrived.

Sentence Transformation Practice Exercises for Class 8 CBSE

A.  Transform the following declarative sentences to the interrogative and the exclamatory. The first one has been done as an example.

1. He has a lot of work to do.
Interrogative: Does he have a lot of work to do?
Exclamatory: What a lot of work he has to do!

2. Too many people in Delhi own cars.

3. This sort of behavior is unacceptable.

4. It was a cold and stormy night.

5. We enjoyed ourselves at the party.

6. Jatin is a disappointment to his family.

7. Childhood days are absolute without care.

8. We can work much harder.

9. Health is more precious than wealth.

10. your mother has a lovely smile.

B. Transform the following sentence removing ‘too’.

1. Om was getting too old to write to her.
2. She was too happy to care.
3. Raw mango is too sour.
4. The saree is too long to not fit anyone.
5. The teacher was knowledgeable and interesting too.

C. Change the interrogative sentence to assertive and vice versa.

1. How did she hide from Ritika?
2. Would he answer me?
3. Many of these millions have succeeded.
4. She went to the kitchen.
5. Maggu’s achievements are particularly noteworthy.

D. Change the exclamatory sentence to assertive and vice versa.

1. Some are afraid to make friends.
2. He was pleased with the results.
3. What a piece of art it is!
4. If only I were young again!
5. How tall you have grown!

E. Change the Imperative sentence to Assertive and vice versa.

1. Don’t lose your calm if your friends’ opinions differ from yours.
2. Tell your friends what you like about them.
3. Never put money and important documents in your checked-in luggage.
4. May the star never set.
5. Allow your friends to be themselves.

F. Add the correct ending punctuation. Then write whether the sentence is declarative, imperative, interrogative, or exclamatory.

1.  ____________ Put a summary of your topic on my desk tomorrow morning ____________
2. ____________ In 1955, a riot broke out at an Elvis Presley concert in Jacksonville, Florida ____________
3.  ____________ Your perfume stinks ____________
4. ____________ Go hang up your blouse in the closet ____________
5. ___________ That’s my favorite song ____________
6. ___________ Bill insisted his comments were taken out of context ____________
7. ____________ He’s so dishonest ____________
8. ___________ Put the coleslaw on the table next to the potatoes ____________
9. ___________ Why is the vulture circling around the rabbit ____________
10. ____________ Who took this aerial shot of the White House ____________