Transformation of sentences means to change the form of a sentence without changing its meaning. A simple sentence can be changed into a complex or a compound sentence and vice versa. Similarly, an interchange of affirmative, negative, and interrogative sentences can be done; without changing their meaning. Given below are some of the ways to transform a sentence.
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Sentence Transformation Exercises for Class 8 CBSE With Answers Pdf
Transformation is changing the form of a sentence without changing its meaning. A brief direction about transforming is given below.
According to the meaning:
Affirmative to negative:
Rule 1: Only/alone/merely → Replaced by → None but (person)/nothing but (things)/not more than or not less than (number)
Aff: Only God can help us. – Neg: None but God can help us.
Aff: He has only a ball. – Neg: He has nothing but a ball.
Aff: He has only ten rupees. – Neg: He has not more than ten rupees.
Rule 2: Must → be Replaced by → Cannot but/Cannot help + (v+ing).
Aff: We must obey our parents. – Neg: We cannot but obey our parents/We cannot help obeying our parents.
Rule 3: Both – and → Replaced by → not only – but also
Aff: Both Deepak and Deepika were excited. – Neg: Not only Deepak but also Deepika were excited.
Rule 4: and (if join two words) → Replaced by → Not only but also.
aff: He was obedient and gentle. – Neg: He was not only obedient but also gentle.
Rule 5: Everyone/everybody/every person/ (every + common noun)/all → Replaced by → There is no + attached word + but
Aff: Every mother loves her child. – Neg: There is no mother but loves her child.
Rule 6: As soon as → Replaced by → No sooner had
Aff: As soon as the thief saw the police, he ran away. – Neg: No sooner had the thief seen the police than he ran away.
Rule 7: Absolute Superlative degree → Replaced by → No other + attached word + so + positive form + as + subject
Aff: Dhaka is the biggest city in Bangladesh. – Neg: No other city is as big as Dhaka in Bangladesh.
Rule 8: Sometimes affirmative sentences are changed into negative by using opposite words. Before the word, off course ‘not’ is used
Aff: I shall remember you. – Neg: I shall not forget you.
Rule 9: Always → Replaced by → Never
Aff: Raman always attends the class. – Neg: Raman never misses the class.
Rule 10: Too – to → Replaced by → so – that + cannot/could not (in past)
Aff: He is too weak to walk. – Neg: He is so weak that he cannot walk.
Rule 11: As – as → Replaced by → Not less – than
Aff: Simi was as wise as Rimi. – Neg: Simi was not less wise than Rimi.
Rule 12: Universal truths are changed by making them negative interrogative
Aff: The sun sets in the west. – Neg: Doesn’t the sun set in the west?
Rule 13: Sometimes → Replaced by → Not + always
Aff: Raman sometimes visits me. – Neg: Raman doesn’t always visit me.
Rule 14: Many → Replaced by → Not a few
Aff: I have many friends. – Neg: I do not have few friends.
Rule 15: A few → Replaced by → not many
Aff: Bangladesh has a few scholars. – Neg: Bangladesh doesn’t have many scholars.
Rule 16: Much → Replaced by → A little
Aff: He has much money. – Neg: He has a little money.
Rule 17: A little Replaced by → not much
Aff: Danish has a little money. – Neg: Danish doesn’t have much money.
Assertive to Interrogative:
Rule 1: If the sentence is in the affirmative you have to change it into negative interrogative. If it is in negative then you have to change it into bare interrogative.
Ass: He was very gentle.
Int: Wasn’t he very gentle?
Aff: He is not a good person.
Int: Is he a good person?
Rule 2: No auxiliary verb in sentence → Change it by using → Do/does/did or Don’t/doesn’t/ didn’t.
Ass: He plays football.
Int: Does he play football?
Ass: They did not play football yesterday.
Int: Did they play football yesterday?
Rule 3: Never → Replaced by → Ever
Ass: I never drink tea.
Int: Do I ever drink tea?
Rule 4: Everybody/everyone/AII → Replaced by → Who + Don’t/ Doesn’t/ Didn’t
Ass: Everybody wishes to be happy.
Int: Who doesn’t wish to be happy?
Rule 5: Every + noun → Replaced by → Is there any + Noun+ Who don’t/doesn’t/didn’t
Ass: Every man wishes to be happy.
Int: Is there any man who doesn’t wish to be happy?
Rule 6: Nobody/ no one / None → Replaced by → Who
Ass: Nobody could measure my love for you.
Int: Who could ever measure my love for you?
Rule 7: There is no → Replaced by → Is there any/ Who(person)/ What( thing)
Ass: There is no use of this law.
Int: What is the use of this law?
Ass: There is no man happier than Rohit.
Int: Who is happier than Rohit?
Rule 8: It is no → Replaced by Is there any/Why
Ass: It is no use of taking unfair means in the exam.
Int: Why take unfair means in the exam? Or Is there any use of this law?
Rule 9: It doesn’t matter → Replaced by → What though/ Does it matter
Ass: It does not matter if you fail in the exam.
Int: What though if you fail in the exam?
Exclamatory to Assertive sentences
Rule 1: Subject and Verb of the exclamatory sentence are to be used as the subject and verb of the assertive sentence at the outset of the sentence
How/what → Replaced by → Very (before adjective)/Great (before noun)
How fortunate you are!
Ass: You are very fortunate.
What a fool you are!
Ass: You are a great fool.
Rule 2: Sometimes the subject and verb may be eclipsed Example: What a beautiful scenery!
Ass: It is a very beautiful scenery.
What a pity!
Ass: It is a great pity.
Rule 3: Hurrah/Bravo → Replaced by → I/we rejoice that/ It is a matter of joy that
Hurrah! We have won the game.
Ass: It is a matter of joy that we have won the game.
Rule 4: Alas → Replaced by → I/we Mourn that/ It is a matter of sorrow or grief that
Alas! He has failed.
Ass: We mourn that he has failed.
Rule 5: Had/Were/If/Would that (at the outset) → Replaced by I wish + subject again + were/ had + rest part.
Had I the wings of a bird!
Ass: I wish I had the wings of a bird.
Were I a bird!
Ass: I wish I were a bird.
If I were young again!
Ass: I wish I were young again.
Would that I could be a child!
Ass: I wish I could be a child.
Imperative to Assertive
Rule 1: Add subject + should in doing assertive
Do the work.
Ass: You should do the work.
Rule 2: Please/kindly – Replaced by → you are requested to
Please, help me.
Ass: You are requested to help me.
Rule 3: Do not → Replaced by → You should not
Do not run in the sun.
Ass: You should not run in the sun.
Rule 4: Never → Replaced by → You should never
Never tell a lie.
Ass: You should never tell a lie.
Rule 5: Let us → Replaced by → We should
Let us go out for a walk.
Ass: We should go out for a walk.
Rule 6: Let + noun/pronoun → Replaced by → Subject + might
Let him play football.
Ass: He might play football.
Change of degree
Rule 1: If the sentence has superlative degree then:-
For comparative, use –
subject + verb + adjective/adverb (comp, form) + than any other + rest part
For positive, use –
No other + rest part after supr. degree + verb + so/as + positive form of adj/adv + as + sub.
Superlative: Sumit is the tallest boy in the class.
Comparative: Sumit is taller than any other boy in the class.
Positive: No other boy in the class is as tall as Sumit.
Rule 2: In superlative degree ‘One of the’ is transformed in this way:
Sub + Verb + Superlative form + rest part of the sentence.
Comparative: Sub + verb +comp. form + than most other + Rest part.
Positive: Very few+ rest part after supr. Degree + verb + so/as + positive form of adj/adv + as + sub.
Superlative: Nazrul was one of the greatest poets in Bangladesh.
Comparative: Nazrul was greater than most other poets in Bangladesh.
Positive: Very few poets in Bangladesh were so great as Nazrul.
Note: Superlative: Of all/ of any Comparative: Than all other/than any other.
Positive: It does not exist.
Superlative: Mr. Khan is the oldest of all men in the village.
Comparative: Mr. Khan is older than all other men in the village.
Positive: No other man is as old as Mr. Khan.
Rule 3: Simple comparative is transformed into positive by using (not so + adj/adv+as)/ (so+adj/adv+as) if negative. Second noun or pronoun is used first.
1. Comparative: Rina is wiser than Mina.
Positive: Mina is not so wise as Rina.
2. Comparative: Mina is not wiser than Rina.
Positive: Rina is as wise as Mina.
Rule 4: No/not less – than is transformed into positive by using as + adj’/adv + as
Comparative: Karim is not less meritorious than Suman.
Positive: Karim is as meritorious as Suman.
Sentence Transformation Practice Exercises for Class 8 CBSE
A. Transform the following sentences as directed.
1. When he was presented with the trophy, he started crying. (No sooner …. Than)
2. As soon as the sun rose, they left for the journey. (No sooner Than)
3. Radha and Sita are intelligent. (Not only- but also)
4. He ate an apple and drank a glass of milk. (Not Only- But also)
5. He grew silent and seemed to be pondering on the situation, (not only- but also)
B. Transform the following sentence removing ‘too’.
1. Om was getting too old to write to her.
2. She was too happy to care.
3. Raw mango is too sour.
4. The saree is too long to not fit anyone.
5. The teacher was knowledgeable and interesting too.
C. Change the interrogative sentence to assertive and vice versa.
1. How did she hide from Ritika?
2. Would he answer me?
3. Many of these millions have succeeded.
4. She went to the kitchen.
5. Maggu’s achievements are particularly noteworthy.
D. Change the exclamatory sentence to assertive and vice versa.
1. Some are afraid to make friends.
2. He was pleased with the results.
3. What a piece of art it is!
4. If only I were young again!
5. How tall you have grown!
E. Change the Imperative sentence to Assertive and vice versa.
1. Don’t lose your calm if your friends’ opinions differ from yours.
2. Tell your friends what you like about them.
3. Never put money and important documents in your checked-in luggage.
4. May the star never set.
5. Allow your friends to be themselves.
F. Do as directed.
1. Hit the rock hard or you won’t be able to break it. (Change into affirmative sentence)
2. Arthur is the most famous king. (Change into negative)
3. My brother is greater than me. (Change into negative)
4. Nobody was present for the meeting. (Change into affirmative)
5. The news is too good to be true. (Remove too)
6. I am as strong as he. (Change into comparative)
7. He can do this work. (Change into interrogative)
8. How beautiful is the night! (Change into assertive)
9. Mumbai is one of the richest cities in India. (Change into positive)
10. This coffee is too cold for me. (Remove too)
11. How fast she runs! (Change into assertive)
12. Man is mortal. (Change into negative)