Transformation of sentences means to change the form of a sentence without changing its meaning. A simple sentence can be changed into a complex or a compound sentence and vice versa. Similarly, an interchange of affirmative, negative, and interrogative sentences can be done; without changing their meaning. Given below are some of the ways to transform a sentence.
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Sentence Transformation Exercises for Class 7 CBSE With Answers Pdf
Trans formation is changing the form of a sentence without changing its meaning. In doing a transformation, a student should have knowledge about the kinds of sentence and their formation. A brief direction about doing transformation is given below.
According to the meaning:
Affirmative to negative:
Rule 1: Only/alone/merely → Replaced by → None but (person)/nothing but (things)/not more than or not less than (number)
Aff: Only God can help us. Neg: None but God can help us.
Aff: He has only a ball. Neg: He has nothing but a ball.
Aff: He has only ten rupees. Neg: He has not more than ten rupees.
Rule 2: Must → Replaced by → Cannot but/Cannot help + (v+ing).
Aff: We must obey our parents.
Neg: We cannot but obey our parents/ We cannot help obeying our parents.
Rule 3: Both and → Replaced by → not only but also.
Examples:Aff: Both Deepak and Deepika were excited.
Neg: Not only Deepak but also Deepika were excited.
Rule 4: and (if join two words) → Replaced by → Not only but also.
Aff: He was obedient and gentle.
Neg: He was not only obedient but also gentle.
Rule 5: Everyone/everybody/every person/ (every + common noun)/all →Replaced by → There is no + attached word + but.
Aff: Every mother loves her child.
Neg: There is no mother but loves her child.
Rule 6: As soon as → Replaced by → No sooner had Than.
Aff: As soon as the thief saw the police, he ran away.
Neg: No sooner had the thief saw the police he ran away.
Rule 7: Absolute Superlative degree → Replaced by → No other + attached word + so + positive form + as + subject
Aff: Dhaka is the biggest city in Bangladesh.
Neg: No other city is as big as Dhaka in Bangladesh.
Rule 8: Sometimes affirmative sentences are changed into negative by using opposite words. Before the word, off course ‘not’ is used.
Aff: I shall remember you.
Neg: I shall not forget you.
Rule 9: Always → Replaced by → Never.
Aff: Raman always attends the class.
Neg: Raman never misses the class.
Rule 10: Too to → Replaced by → so that+ cannot/could not (in past).
Aff: He is too weak to walk.
Neg: He is so weak that he cannot walk.
Rule 11: As as → Replaced by → Not less than.
Aff: Simi was as wise as Rimi.
Neg: Simi was not less wise than Rimi.
Rule 12: Universal truths are changed by making them negative interrogative.
Aff: The Sun sets in the west.
Neg: Doesn’t the Sun set in the west?
Rule 13: Sometimes → Replaced by → Not + always.
Aff: Raman sometimes visits me.
Neg: Raman doesn’t always visit me.
Rule 14: Many → Replaced by → Not a few.
Aff: I have many friends.
Neg: I do not have few friends.
Rule 15: A few → Replaced by → not many.
Aff: Bangladesh has a few scholars.
Neg: Bangladesh doesn’t have many scholars.
Rule 16: Much → Replaced by → A little.
Aff: He belongs much money.
Neg: He doesn’t belong a little money.
Rule 17: A little → Replaced by → not much.
Aff: Danish has a little skill.
Neg: Danish doesn’t have much skill.
Assertive to Interrogative
Rule 1: If the sentence is in the affirmative you have to change it into negative interrogative. If it is in negative then you have to change it into bare interrogative.
Ass: He was very gentle.
Int: Wasn’t he very gentle?
Aff: He is not a good person.
Int: Is he a good person?
Rule 2: No auxiliary verb in sentence → Change it by using → Do/does/did Or Don’t/doesn’t/didn’t.
Ass: He plays football.
Int: Does he play football?
Ass: They did not play football yesterday.
Int: Did they play football yesterday?
Rule 3: Never → Replaced by → Ever.
Ass: I never drink tea.
Int: Do I ever drink tea?
Rule 4: Everybody/everyone/AII → Replaced by →Who + Don’t/ Doesn’t/Didn’t
Ass: Everybody wishes to be happy.
Int: Who doesn’t wish to be happy?
Rule 5: Every + noun → Replaced by → Is there any + noun+ Who don’t/doesn’t/didn’t.
Ass: Every man wishes to be happy.
Int: Is there any man who doesn’t wish to be happy?
Rule 6: No body/ no one / None → Replaced by → Who.
Ass: Nobody could count my love for you.
Int: Who could ever count my love for you?
Rule 7: There is no → Replaced by → Is there any/ Who(person)/ What(thing).
Ass: There is no use of this law.
Int: What is the use of this law?
Ass: There is no man happier than Rohit.
Int: Who is happier than Rohit?
Rule 8: It Is no → Replaced by → Is there any/Why.
Ass: It is no use of taking unfair means in the exam.
Int: Why take unfair means in the exam? Or Is there any use of this law?
Rule 9: It Doesn’t matter → Replaced by → what though/ Does it matter.
Ass: It does not matter if you fail in the exam.
Int: What though if you fail in the exam?
Exclamatory to Assertive sentences
Rule 1: Subject and Verb of exclamatory sentences are to be used as the subject and verb of assertive sentence at the outset of the sentence.
How/what → Replaced by → Very (before adjective)/Great (before noun)
How fortunate you are!
Ass: You are very fortunate.
What a fool you are!
Ass: You are a great fool.
Rule 2: Sometimes the subject and verb may be eclipsed.
What a beautiful scenery!
Ass: It is a very beautiful scenery.
What a pity!
Ass: It is a great pity.
Rule 3: Hurrah/ Bravo → Replace by → I/we rejoice that/ It is a matter of joy that.
Hurrah! We have own the game.
Ass: It is a matter of joy that we have won the game.
Rule 4: Alas → Replace by → I/we Mourn that/ It is a matter of sorrow or grief that.
Alas! He has failed.
Ass: We mourn that he has failed.
Rule 5: Had/were/If /Would that (at the outset) → Replaced by → I wish + subject again + were/ had+ rest part.
Had I the wings of a bird!
Ass: I wish I had the wings of a bird.
Were I a bird!
Ass: I wish I were a bird.
If I were young again!
Ass: I wish I were young again.
Would that I could be a child!
Ass: I wish I could be a child.
Imperative to Assertive
Rule 1: Add subject + should in doing assertive.
Do the work.
Ass: You should do the work.
Rule 2: Please/kindly → Replaced by →you are requested to.
Please, help me.
Ass: You are requested to help me.
Rule 3: Do not → Replaced by → You should not.
Do not run in the sun.
Ass: You should not run in the sun.
Rule 4: Never → Replaced by → you should never.
Never tell a lie.
Ass: You should never tell a lie.
Rule 5: Let us → Replaced by → We should.
Let us go out for a walk.
Ass: We should go out for a walk.
Rule 6: Let + noun/pronoun → Replaced by → Subject + might.
Let him play football.
Ass: He might play football.
Change of degree
Rule 1: If the sentence has superlative degree, we can change it into comparative and positive degree.
To form comparative, use
subject +verb + adjective/adverb (comp, form) + Than any other + rest part To form positive, use-
No other + rest part after superlative Degree + verb + so/as + positive form of adj/adv + as + sub.
Superlative Sumit is the tallest boy in the class.
Comparative: Sumit is taller than any other boy in the class.
Positive: No other boy in the class is as tall as Sumit.
Rule 2: If in superlative degree ‘One of the’ is transformed in this way:
Comparative: Sub+verb +comp. form +than most other+ Rest part.
Positive: Very few+ rest part after supr. Degree + verb + so/as + positive form of adj/adv + as + sub.
Sup: Rohit was one of the greatest poets in Bangladesh.
Comp: Rohit was greater than most other poets in Bangladesh.
Pos: Very few poets in Bangladesh were as great as Rohit.
Note: Superlative: Of all/ of any Comparative: Than all other/than any other.
Positive: It does not exist.
Sup: Mr. Khan is the oldest of all men in the village.
Com: Mr. Khan is older than all other men in the village.
Pos: No other man is as old as Mr. Khan.
Rule 3: Simple comparative is transformed into positive by using (not so + adj/adv+as)/ (so+adj/adv+as)if negative. Second noun or pronoun is used first.
1. Com: Rina is wiser than Mina.
Pos: Mina is not so wise as Rina.
2. Com: Mina is not wiser than Rina.’
Pos: Rina is as wise as Mina.
Rule 4: No/not less — than is transformed into positive by using as +adj/adv+ as
Com: Karim is not less meritorious than Suman.
Pos: Karim is as meritorious as Suman.
A. Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each, and making other changes that may be necessary. The first one has been done for you.
1. It is probable that he will never come back. (Begin: In …)
In all probability, he will never come back.
2. He said to me, “Where are you going?” (Begin: He asked me …)
3. As soon as the chief guest had arrived the play began. (Begin: No sooner….)
4. I was surprised at his behaviour. (Begin: His …)
5. He will certainly succeed. (Begin: He is …)
6. He is the best student in the class. (Use better instead of best)
7. He is too weak to stand up without help. (Use so… that)
8. He tucked the gun under his arm and rushed towards the bridge. (End:… his arm.)
B. Do as directed. The first one has been done for you.
1. Hammer the rock hard or you cannot break it. (Change into affirmative sentence)
Hammer the rock hard to break it.
2. Sameer loves his brother. (Change into negative)
3. Arthur is the most famous king. (Change into negative)
4. My brother is taller than me. (Change into negative)
5. Nobody was present for the meeting. (Change into affirmative)
6. He goes home. (Change into negative)
7. The news is too good to be true. (Remove too)
8. I am as strong as he. (Change into comparative)
9. He can do this work. (Change into interrogative)
10. How beautiful is the night! (Change into assertive)
11. Mumbai is one of the richest towns in India. (Change into positive)
12. This coffee is too cold for me. (Remove too)
13. Look how fast she runs! (Change into assertive)
14. Man is mortal. (Change into negative)
C. Change the following sentences into negative and question statements. The first one has been done for you.
1. I have a lot of work to do. I do not have much work to do.
Do I have much work to do?
2. Plenty of people want to buy cars
3. There is a great deal of controversy about the language problem.
4. The sea is a long way off.
5. A great deal of research has been done on the subject.
6. A lot of money has been spent on the project.
D. Rewrite the following as exclamatory and interrogative sentences. The first one has been done for you.
1. It is kind of you to invite us. How kind of you to invite us!
Isn’t kind of you to invite us?
2. It was foolish of him to behave like that
3. It was prudent of the boy to alert the policeman
4. It was careless of him to leave the door unlocked.
5. It was good of him to help the poor man.
E. Change the following exclamatory sentences into assertive sentences.
1. Exclamatory: What a beautiful flower!
2. Exclamatory: What a great victory!
3. Exclamatory: How kind of you to help him like that!
4. Exclamatory: What a glorious morning!
F. Convert the following assertive sentences into exclamatory sentences.
1. Assertive: He is truly noble.
2. Assertive: This is indeed a pleasant surprise.
3. Assertive: It was an extremely delightful party.
4. Assertive: I wish I were young again.
G. Change the following assertive sentences into interrogative sentences.
1. Assertive: She is my friend.
2. Assertive: He has finished his work.
3. Assertive: He is very intelligent.
4. Assertive: I never asked you to do it.
5. Assertive: There is no sense in doing that.
H. Change the following imperative sentences into interrogative sentences.
1. Imperative: Stop it.
2. Imperative: Please, give me a glass of water.
3. Imperative: Come here.
4. Imperative: Shut up.
5. Imperative: Get out of here.
6. Imperative: Speak loudly.
7. Imperative: Please take me to the director of the institute.