Looking for an easy way to Learning of new elementary english grammar and composition for class 7 answers, Solutions. You have to learn basic English Grammar topics like Tenses Verbs, Nouns, etc… In this article, we will review the best English Grammer Topics and compare them against each other.
Sentence Exercise for Class 7 CBSE With Answers Pdf
What is a sentence?
A. A sentence is a complete set of words that conveys a complete meaning. A sentence can communicate:
- a. a statement (I am studying.) – Affirmative
- b. a command (Go away.) – Imperative
- c. an exclamation (I’m so excited!) – Exclamatory
- d. a question (What time is it?) – Interrogative
B. A sentence is composed of one or more clauses. A clause contains a subject and verb.
- Independent and Dependent Clauses
- There are two types of clauses: independent clauses and dependent clauses.
- A sentence contains at least one independent clause and may contain one or more dependent clauses.
An independent clause (or main clause)
- is a complete thought
- can stand by itself
A dependent clause (or subordinate clause)
- is an incomplete thought
- cannot stand by itself
You can spot a dependent clause by identifying the subordinating conjunction. A subordinating conjunction creates a dependent clause that relies on the rest of the sentence for meaning. The following list provides some Examples: of subordinating conjunctions. Before, if, though, while, unless, although, because, even though, since, when, until, whereas are some Examples: of subordinating clauses.
- Independent Clause: When I go to the movies, I usually buy popcorn.
- Dependent Clause: When I go to the movies, I usually buy popcorn.
- Independent Clause: I don’t like the ocean because sharks scare me.
- Dependent Clause: I don’t like the ocean because sharks scare me.
Types Of Sentences Worksheet Class 7 CBSE
Types of Sentences?
There are four types of sentences:
1. Declarative sentence: These sentences provide information and can be affirmative or negative. They end in a full stop.
- children love to eat chocolates.
- Children do not love at eat chocolates.
2. Imperative sentence: These sentences are used to give orders/commands and make requests. Such sentences do not contain the subject (you) as it is understood. They usually end in a full stop. If the imperative sentence consists only of verbs or a verbal phrase it may end in an exclamation mark – Don’t shout!
- Bring the paper.
- Stand in the queue.
- Take left for church.
3. Interrogative sentence: These sentences ask questions. They can begin with interrogative words or auxiliary verbs. They end in a question mark.
- Do you read your book?
- What is your native language?
4. Exclamatory sentence: These sentences express strong emotions and feelings. Interjections such as Oh and Hurrah may be used before exclamatory sentences. They end in an exclamation mark.
- What a beautiful dress she is wearing! (Shows strong feeling)
- Shit! Have done the wrong.
- Alas! She lost her mother.
Functions of Simple Sentences: We use simple sentences when presenting a limited amount of information. Although simple sentences may be shorter, they are not any less academic than other sentence types.
|Functions to declare a direct statement||Examples:|
First, I will give background information about my project.
This conclusion is supported by extensive evidence.
|to present a simple list||The researchers created their hypothesis, conducted some tests, and drew their conclusions.|
My evidence comes from journal articles, periodicals, and books.
|to give concise directions||Please consider my application for the internship.|
|to ask a question||What is the true meaning of the poem?|
What will this study mean to medical research in a decade?
Functions of Compound, Complex and Compound-Complex Sentences
Compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences can serve similar purposes. The writer can tailor the amount of information he or she provides by adding independent and dependent clauses to simple sentences.
|to combine similar ideas||Compound: Recycling is an effective way of helping the environment, and everyone should recycle at home.|
Complex: Since recycling is an effective way of helping the environment, everyone should recycle at home.
Compound-Complex: Since recycling is an effective way of helping the environment, everyone should recycle at home; we can all work together to protect our planet.
|to compare or contrast ideas||Compound: Van Gogh was a talented and successful artist, but he had intense, personal issues.|
Complex: Although he was a talented and successful artist, Van Gogh had intense personal issues.
Compound-Complex: Although he was a talented and successful artist, Van Gogh had intense personal issues; indeed, many say his inner turmoil contributed to his beautiful art.
|to convey cause and effect or a chain of events||Compound: The researchers did not come to the correct conclusion, so they restructured their hypothesis.|
Complex: Since the researchers did not come to the correct conclusion, they restructured their hypothesis.
Compound-Complex: Since the researchers did not come to the correct conclusion, they restructured their hypothesis, and they will attempt the experiment again.
|to elaborate on a claim or extend the reasoning||Compound: Cell phones should not be permitted in class, for they distract students and teachers.|
Complex: Since cell phones distract students and teachers, they should not be used in class.
Compound-Complex: Since cell phones distract students and teachers, they should not be used in class, and I encourage the faculty to forbid their use.
Sentence Exercises Worksheets for Class 7 CBSE
A. Read the following sentences. Tick the box marked ‘simple’ if it is a simple sentence, ‘compound’ if it is a compound sentence or ‘complex’ if it is a complex sentence.
1. We have to go to bed when the clock chimes at ten o’clock.
2. Gita liked Amit’s friend, and she also liked his cousin.
3. The big brown dog ran after the blue and red ball.
4. Pawan and Payal rode their bicycles after they ate lunch.
5. The teacher and the principal met in the hall near the library.
6. Many brave soldiers fought in the war, and they received medals.
7. The drummers played for a long time, but the piano players stopped early.
8. Before the queen rode in the parade, she gave a speech.
9. After midnight the ghosts will come out of the haunted attic.
10. She dropped the pan and the plate, but she held on to the spoon.
B. Transform the following affirmative sentences to the negative.
- Everyone found the film exciting.
- Divya is always on time for class.
- Shimla is colder than Delhi.
- That dog is too wild to be kept as a pet.
- Mercury is the closest planet to the sun.
- Hardly had I put out the clothes to dry when it began to rain.
- Cane furniture is less expensive than wooden furniture.
- Almost everyone contributed generously to the flood relief fund.
- As soon as we took our seats the curtains rose.
- Coffee is more popular than tea in south India.
C. Separate the subject and predicate in the following sentences.
- She has a good memory.
- No man can serve two masters.
- (The sea has many varieties of fishes.
- A bus passed our house.
- My father got a promotion.
- Her comes to the bus.
- Jenny has a good memory.
- A healthy body leads to a healthy mind.
- The Earth revolves around the Sun.
- It is a very cold day.
D. Underline the group of words that form a clause in the sentence.
- People who pay their debts are trusted.
- We cannot start while it is raining.
- I think that you have made a mistake.
- People who rise early stay healthy.
- I think it is his hard work that has made him successful.