Reported speech is when we express or say things that have already been said by somebody else.
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Reported Speech Exercises for Class 8 CBSE With Answers Pdf
When we say things that have been said, we use two ways of expressing it. The first is direct speech when we express what the speaker said as it is and the second is indirect speech where we express what was said in our words.
The art of reporting the words of a speaker is called Narration. It is of two types:-
- Direct Speech: We quote the actual words of the speaker in inverted commas: He said to me, “I am playing.”
- Indirect Speech: We quote the words or speech of the speaker in our own words, without inverted commas: He told me that he was playing.
In narration a sentence has two parts:-
- Reporting verb: He said to me,
- Reported speech: “I am playing.”
Rules of Changing Pronouns
- The pronoun of First Person is changed according to the subject of Reported speech.
- The pronoun of Second Person is changed according to Object
- The pronoun of Third Person is not changed at all. (The formula to change pronoun is 123/SON.)
SON: S – subject, O – object, N – no change
Persons: There are three types of persons:-
- First Person (I, we, my, me, our)
- Second Person (You, your)
- Third Person (He, she, it, his, they, them etc.)
Part-I (Assertive Sentences in Present or Future)
1. If Reporting Verb is in Present or Future Tense the tense of Reported speech is not changed.
2. (” “) inverted commas are replaced with the conjunction ‘that’.
3. Say to is replaced with tell, says to with tells and said to with told.
- The boys say, “We have learnt the lesson”.
The boys say that they have learnt the lesson.
- Reena will say, “I am going to America”.
Reena will say that she is going to America.
- The servant says to me, “The manager will come in the evening”.
The servant tells me that the manager will come in the evening.
- He has said to them, “You were playing cricket yesterday.”
He has told them that they were playing cricket yesterday.
Part-II (Assertive Sentences in Past)
1. ‘said to’ is changed into ‘told’.
2. Use conjunction ‘that’ to connect
3. If Reporting Verb is in Past Tense the tense of the Reported Speech is changed according to the rules given below: –
- Present Indefinite changes to Past Indefinite
- Present Continuous changes to Past Continuous
- Present Perfect changes to Past Perfect
- Present Perfect.Continuous changes to Past Perfect Continuous
- Past Indefinite changes to Past Perfect
- Past Continuous changes to Past Perfect Continuous
- Will/Shall changes to Would/Should
- Can changes to Could
- May changes to Might
In Reported Speech words showing nearness changes into words showing distance:-
- This becomes That
- These becomes Those
- Now becomes Then
- Today becomes That day
- Tonight becomes That night
- Yesterday becomes The previous day
- Last night becomes The previous night
- The next day becomes The following day
- Here becomes There
- Ago becomes Before
- He said, “I am going to college today.”
He said that he was going to college that day.
- Sunny said to me, “You will get good marks in this test.”
Sunny told me that I would get good marks in that test.
- She said to her mother, “My teacher awarded me yesterday.”
She told her mother that her teacher had awarded her the previous day.
- Rajani said to her friends, “You were shopping in the market.”
Rajani told her friends that they had been shopping in the market.
- I said, “Ritu, you will learn very fast.”
I told Ritu that she would learn very fast.
- “I may go to London next month,” he said.
He told that he might go to London the following month.
Note: If Reported Speech has an explanation of Universal Truth, Habitual Fact or Historical Fact its Tense is not changed at all.
- He said, “The earth moves round the sun.”
He.said that the earth moves round the sun.
- She said to me, “Mohan plays with left hand.”
She told me that Mohan plays with left hand.
- The teacher said to the students, “India became independent in 1947.”
The teacher told the students that India became independent in 1947.
Part-III (Interrogative Sentences)
1. In Interrogative sentences said or said to of reporting verb are replaced with asked or enquired.
2. If the interrogative (question) begins with Helping Verb or Modal (is, am, are, do, does, was, were, has, have, had, will, shall, would, can, could, should, may, might, must, etc.) the inverted commas (” “) are replaced with the conjunction if or whether.
3. If the interrogative (question) begins with WH-family (Why, what, which, when, whose, who, whom, how, etc.) the inverted commas (” “) are not replaced with any conjunction at all.
4. If there are no interrogatives (questions) in indirect speech we place helping verb or modal after the subject.
- The teacher said to us, “Have you completed your home work?”
The teacher asked us if we had completed our home work.
- He said to me, “Did you finish your work yesterday?”
He asked me if I had finished my work the previous day.
- Rocky said, “Meena, do you want to go to Shimla?”
Rocky asked Meena if she wanted to go to Shimla.
- I said to him, “Will you return tomorrow?”
I asked him if he would return the next day.
- Ravi said to him, “What have you learnt?”
Ravi asked him what he had learnt.
- She said, “Which train will go to Jaipur?”
She enquired which train would go to Jaipur.
Interrogative Sentences in present or future:
- She says to them, “Have you taken the money?”
She asks them if they have taken the money.
- He will say to me, “What can I do for you?”
He will ask me what he can do for me.
Part-IV (Imperative Sentences)
1. In Imperative sentences said to is replaced with ordered, commanded, advised, suggested, proposed, persuaded, warned, etc.
2. Inverted commas (” “) are replaced with ‘to’. The first form of verb is applied after ‘to’.
3. In Negative sentences ‘said’ to is replaced with ‘forbade’ or ‘do’ is replaced with ‘not’.
- She said to me, “Work hard”.
She advised me to work hard.
- I said to my friend, “Please give me your car for two hours.”
I requested my friend to give me his car for two hours.
- She said to Meena, “Do not make a noise”.
She forbade Meena to make a noise. (or She ordered Meena not to make a noise.)
- The general said to the soldiers, “March forward.”
The general commanded the soldiers to march forward.
- Ramesh said to him, “Let me do my home work.”
Ramesh requested him to let him do his home work.
- The manager said to the peon, “Let the visitors come in.”
The manager ordered the peon to let the visitors come in.
- He said to me, “Let us go on picnic this Sunday”.
He proposed/suggested me that we should go on a picnic that Sunday. (or He proposed me to go on a picnic that Sunday.
- He said, “Thank you, doctor.”
He thanked the doctor.
- Dinkar said to me, “Beware of such politicians.”
Dinkar warned me against such politicians.
PART-V (Exclamatory Sentences)
1. Use conjunction ‘that’ to connect the speech with reporting verb.
2. Change tenses according to the rules learnt in PART-II.
3. ‘Said’ is mostly changed into ‘exclaimed’ (sometimes ‘applauded saying’)
4. Replace ‘what’ or ‘how’ with ‘very’ (sometimes ‘big’ or ‘great’).
5. Replace exclamatory words as follows: AH!, Alas!…. with sorrow; Aha!, Ha!, Hurrah! ….with joy; Oh with surprise; Pooh! ….with contempt; Sorry! with regret, Bravo! with applauded saying.
- The child said, “What a bitter medicine!”
The child exclaimed that the medicine was very bitter.
- He said, “How big the train is!”
He exclaimed that the train was very big.
- Vikas said, “Alas! I have lost my wallet.”
Vikas exclaimed with sorrow that he had lost his wallet.
- Rajani said to her friend, “Pooh! You have cheated me.”
Rajani exclaimed with contempt that her friend had cheated her.
- The captain said to the players, “Bravo! You played well today.”
The captain applauded his players saying that they had played well that day.
PART-VI (Optative Sentences)
1. Such sentences indicate greeting & wishes (good morning, good noon, good day, would that, etc.), and prayer (may, may God). Therefore ‘said’ is mostly replaced with ‘wished’ or ‘prayed’.
2. In case of good bye, farewell, good night (when parting company) ‘said’ is replaced with ‘bade’.
- He said, “Good morning uncle!”
He wished his uncle good morning.
- Ranjita said, “Good bye friends!”
Ranjita bade her friends good bye.
- My grandmother said to me, “May you live long.”
My grandmother prayed me that I might live long.
- Montu said, “Would that I were a minister!”
Montu wished that he had been a minister.
Indirect Speech of two or more sentences:
- She said to me, “I am going to the market. Do you want to go?”
She told me that she was going to the market and asked if I wanted to go.
- The manager said to the clerk, “You may leave now. Don’t forget to keep these files in the file cabinet.”
The manager told the clerk that he might leave then and ordered not to forget to keep those files in the file cabinet.
- The doctor said to the patient, “Why didn’t you come yesterday. You have a high fever.”
The doctor asked the patient why he hadn’t come the previous day as he had a high fever was high.
- I said to Rocky, “Don’t abuse others. It is a bad habit. How will you feel if others abuse you?”
I advised Rocky not to abuse others because it is a bad habit and asked how he would feel if others abused him.
Reported Speech Practice Exercises for Class 8 CBSE
A. Write the following sentences in indirect speech. The first one has been done for you.
1. He said, “I will meet you outside the post office at three tomorrow afternoon.”
He said that he would meet me outside the post office at there the following afternoon.
2. The teacher told us, “The freezing point of water is 0°c.”
3. “When I dropped the jug, it smashed to pieces,” my little brother says.
4. The man said, “I have seen you somewhere before.”
5. The mechanic said, “Your car was ready last night, but you did not come to get it.”
7. He said, “I shall return your magazines tomorrow.”
8. “My car broke down, and I had to walk two kilometers to get to a phone-booth,” the man said.
9. “An English play is being held in the school hall now,” she told us.
10. “The building burnt down many years before we moved here,” my father told me.
B. Write the following sentences into indirect speech.
1. “Don’t leave your bag out here, Tommy,” Kiren said.
2. “Stand at attention!” the captain commanded his men.
3. “Don’t touch it! Leave it alone!” I said
4. “Please take me to the park, Father,” the little boy said.
5. “Please tell me exactly what happened,” she said.
6. “Speak up. I can’t hear you,” he said to the new boy.
7. “Don’t shake the table while I am writing!” Pawan told his brother.
8. “Please bring your own plates and spoons,” she told us.
9. “Return to the ship immediately!” the officer ordered his men.
10. “Open that drawer and bring me the scissors,” Deepak told his brother.
C. Write the following sentences in indirect speech.
1. “The Prince and Princess lived happily ever after,” the storyteller told the children.
2. “Don’t push!” the conductor said to the passengers who were boarding the bus.
3. “I’m sorry but I can’t join you for lunch,” he told his friend.
4. “Do the exercises from pages sixty to sixty-two,” Miss Malhotra told the pupils.
5. “Do you know how to operate a computer?” asked the personnel officer.
6. “Help! Help! Help!” I heard someone shout.
7. “Are you mad at me?” asked the elder sister.
8. The cheerleaders shouted, “Hurray! Fight them! Show them all your might!”
9. “Keep the change,” the rich man said to the waitress.
10. I said to myself, “I will definitely beat him in the next event.”
D. Rewrite these sentences in direct speech. The first one has been done for you.
1. My mother asked me to buy a dozen eggs from the shop.
“Can you buy me a dozen eggs from the shop?” asked my mother.
2. I told myself that I would finish painting the gate by that afternoon.
3. The judge asked the defendant to speak louder.
4. The engineer wanted the workers to complete the project by the following day.
5. Anu reported to the police about her purse being snatched.
E. Write here, that day, the day before, the next day, the week before, according to the sentences.
1. Anita (a week ago): “Tanya and I are going to a concert tomorrow.”
You (today): Anita said she and Tanya were going to a concert ________
2. Jyoti (two days ago): “I’ve only been in England since yesterday.”
You (today): Jyoti said he had only been in England since ________
3. Nitin (a week ago): “I’m meeting my friend at the airport later today.”
You (today): Nitin said he was meeting his friend at the airport later ________
4. Mohan (in the street): “I’ll see you at the coffee bar.”
You (at the coffee bar): Mohan said he would see me ________
5. Pawan (a month ago): “The festival was in the last week.”
You (today): Pawan told me the festival had been ________
F. In the following sentences the speakers are all saying something different to what they told you before. Write replies to their statements as given in the example.
- “I’m going out with Alisha.”
But you said you weren’t going out with her.
1. “I haven’t finished my project.”
I thought you said ________________
2. “I’m better at tennis than golf.”
But you told me ________________
3. “I enjoy parties.”
I remember you saying ________________
4. “I’ve got a video recorder.”
But you said yesterday ________________
5. “I’m applying for the job.”
I thought you told me ________________
6. “I like Indian food more than Chinese.”
But you said ________________
7. “I prefer pop music to classical music.”
You told me ________________
G. Change the following sentence to indirect speech.
1. Our teacher said, “Time is precious, so spend your free time in the best possible way.”
2. “Ugh! This toilet is so smelly,” Rita said.
3. Chetan said, “Please buy me a bar of chocolate.”
4. “Polish your boots,” the army officer said to his men.
5. “Get me a glass of water,” he said to her.
6. “What a beautiful car!” he remarked.
7. “Please spare me some money,” the beggar said.
8. “You must listen to me!” his mother cried.
9. “Pass me that salt, please,” the man said to her.
10. “Get out or I’ll call the police!” the lady said to him.
H. Change the following to reported speech by completing the sentence.
1. She asked, “Have you been here before?”
She asked me if _________________
2. “Is your sister still asleep?” my mother asked.
My mother asked _________________
3. The policeman said, “Show me your license.”
The policeman demanded _________________
4. “Shall I open the windows for you?” he asked.
He asked me whether _________________
He offered to _________________
5. “Where will you be going for your holidays?” she asked.
She wanted to know _________________
6. “When will you be visiting the hospital? I want to come along,” she said.
She wanted to know _________________
7. “Is the ship leaving on Monday or Tuesday?” She inquired.
She inquired whether _________________
8. “What’s wrong with your cheek? Have you been fighting again?” my mother asked.
My mother asked what _________________
9. “Did you learn anything interesting at the seminar?” he inquired.
He inquired _________________
10. “The purpose of this project is to encourage teamwork and inculcate a sense of belonging,” he said.
He said that _________________
I. Change these sentences from Direct to Indirect Speech.
- “Oh!” she cried in fright on seeing him.
- “Why did you suddenly appear like this?”
She exclaimed in fright when she saw him and asked him why he had suddenly appeared like that.
1. “I am sorry,” she said to me, “but my brother won’t be back until late tonight.”
2. The guard reported, “I heard some shots and ran out into the compound to investigate.”
3. “When will he be back?” Sheela said. “I have something important to tell him.”
4. “Did you go to the circus that’s performing here?” Jatin asked me. “It was a wonderful show.”
5. “Good morning!” she said when she saw me. “How are you today? I heard you had been quite ill.”
6. “Come here at once!” he ordered the frightened boy. “If you don’t, I shall give you a beating.”
7. “Don’t do too much heavy work now,” the doctor advised Mrs. Birla. “Get as much rest as possible.”
8. “Please come,” he said. “I want to show you my new fish. My father bought it yesterday.”
9. “Are you going out now? If you are, see that you are back by ten,” my mother said to! me.
10. “Yes, please do so,” I answered her. “I will wait here until you return.”