Definition: A preposition is a word placed before a noun or a pronoun to show in what relation the person or thing denoted by it stands in regard to something else.
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Preposition Exercises for Class 8 CBSE With Answers Pdf
A preposition is a word (or group of words) used especially before a noun or pronoun to show place, position, time, etc.
Part I, later than
1. I shall meet you after Monday.
2. He came after 3 p.m.
Part II, behind (movement)
1. The police ran after the thief.
Part I, earlier than
1. Please meet me before 6 p.m.
2. I shall complete this work before June.
3. He arrived before me.
4. I put my work before everything.
Part II, in front of
1. Mohan was brought before the principal.
2. He made a statement before the police.
AMONG/AMONGST, in the middle (more than two)
1. He distributed toffees among children.
2. I have to deliver speech among them.
3. You should work among the poor.
4. Who amongst you are ready to go there?
BETWEEN, in the middle (only two)
1. He distributed mangoes between Meena and Rajni.
2. There was no agreement between workers and management.
3. Meet me between 7 to 8 am.
Part I, on something
1. The books are on the table.
2. There is no name plate on the door.
3. Let’s sit on the grass.
4. Don’t hit anybody on the head.
Part II, day and date
1. I shall come to meet you on Monday.
2. He will return this money on 5th September.
3. He reached on the morning of 9th June.
- He has gone to Mumbai on business.
- Are you going on picnic?
- On reaching home he called his friend.
- He read a lesson on philosophy.
- This car runs on patrol only.
- He was arrested on a charge of cheating.
- Nine percent interest will be charged on loan.
- They live on bread and tea.
- Is he on leave now-a-days?
- The factory was on fire.
UPON, on (movement)
1. He threw books upon the table.
2. The tiger jumped upon the jackal.
3. The last date of income tax payment is almost upon us. (very near)
Part I, inside
1. They are sitting in the room.
2. There is no pencil in the box.
in the street, in the sky, in the newspaper, in the bed, in the fire, etc.
Part II, with countries and big cities etc.
1. He lives in Delhi.
2. They opened a shop in America.
3. It is the highest mountain in the world.
Part III, time
1. He will complete this work in three months.
2. We shall buy a new car in October.
in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, in the night, in the past, in 2001, etc.
- He has faith in God.
- They were bathing in the river.
- They are interested in reading books.
- He has spent his life in politics.
in uniform, in the rain, in English, in ink, in groups, in rows, in two parts, in thousands, in cash, in loud voice, in business, etc.
INTO, movement from outside to inside.
1. They went into the room.
2. He poured coffee into the cups.
- He translated the story into English.
- Turn this portion into a study room.
- He came into power two years ago.
- Fold the napkins into triangles.
Part I, small cities, town, villages, colonies
1. They live at Sonipat.
2. I live at Moti Nagar.
Part II, age
1. He retired at 56.
2. She wrote her first poem at 9.
Part III, time
1. We reached there at 9 p.m.
2. Do you get up at 5 a.m.?
at dawn, at sunrise, at noon, at sunset, at night
Part IV, near a place or thing
1. Who is standing at the door?
2. They were playing at the river.
3. The students are sitting at the table.
Part V, selling
1. The apples are being sold at Rs.30/- a Kg.
- My father is not at home.
- Pakistan and India are at peace.
- Open your book at page no. 23.
- At first they became angry, at last they agreed.
- He aimed at the bird.
- They were gossiping at the corner of street.
at school, at hotel, at head office, at the moment, at the end, at the weekend, at Christmas, smile at, shout at, at ease, at war, delighted at result, etc.
Part I, place
1. They have just come from Mumbai.
2. Withdraw money from the bank.
Part II, person
1. You can borrow money from your friend.
2. I have taken this book from Raja.
Part III, time
1. He works from morning till evening.
2. We shall start this work from Monday.
Part IV, source
1. The light comes from the sun.
2. She has taken the story from this book.
Part I, place/direction
1. Who is going to the market?
2. They are going to America in May.
Part II, before a verb
1. He wants to go there.
2. She likes to exercise in the morning.
Part III, time
1. He works from 9am to 7pm.
2. They lived in our house from April 1996 to June 1999.
3. It is ten minutes to five.
- She is secretary to the managing director.
- He won by five goals to three.
- Don’t compare it to her.
- I prefer tea to coffee.
- This machine is superior to that.
- There are 100 answers to this question.
- She is devoted to her family.
Part I, reason, purpose
1. I have bought a gift for you.
2. Can you prepare a cup of tea for me?
Part II, time
1. He has been living here for ten years.
2. We lived there for six months.
- They walked for ten miles.
- He bought this book for Rs.200.
- The people mistook him for the minister.
- She is planning to run for the position of Mayer.
WITH, in the company of
Part I, person
1. He is sitting with his friends.
2. Were you quarrelling with your neighbours?
Part II, instruments/things
1. Wear this tie with yellow shirt.
2. Why did you beat him with a stick?
- He played with skill.
- I am pleased with your decision.
- We left with our father’s permission.
- My brother is down with fever.
- Everybody grows smarter with age.
- I can complete this work with your help.
- Was the child trembling with fear?
- With all her faults I still liked her.
WITHIN, in the specified period, area etc.
1. He will come back within ten minutes.
2. Did you pay off the loan within a year?
3. He was told to stay within the limits of the ring.
4. The football has to stay within the playing field.
5. Please keep this information within the family.
OF belonging to, concerning
Part I, relation
1. Who is the owner of this car?
2. Has he become the manager of this bank?
3. This is the responsibility of a nurse.
4. The people of this area love to grow plants.
Part II, material
1. The ring is made of gold.
2. I bought a shirt made of cotton.
- I have never heard of such a place.
- She is a lover of classical music.
- Mother’s love is necessary for a child.
- Does he have any hope of victory?
Part I, separation
1. The button of my shirt has come off.
2. He fell off a ladder.
3. Please keep off the grass.
Part II, disconnection
1. Who cut off the telephone wire?
2. Please switch off the T.V.
AGAINST, in opposition, resting on
1. They can’t speak against their leader.
2. He won’t go against your advice.
3. He was leaning against the wall.
Part I, person
1. The tiger was killed by the hunter.
2. This story was written by Premchand.
Part II, transport
1. He will go by air.
2. I sent the documents by mail.
3. They will travel by bus.
Part III, selling
1. Milk is sold by the litre.
2. Bananas are sold by the dozen.
Part IV, time (period)
1. I had completed this work by 5 PM.
2. They will pay off the loan by June.
- He walked by me without speaking.
- May I pay by cheque?
- He earns his bread and butter by writing.
- Switch it on by pressing that button.
- You can get promotion by working hard.
- I caught the thief by the neck.
- This room is 15′ by 20′.
- The bullet missed him by one centimeter.
- Is the curtain short by one foot?
- He is an advocate by profession.
- She swore by God.
- He always keeps his dog by his side.
- I am Indian by birth.
WITHOUT, not having
1. You can’t leave a country without a passport.
2. Don’t touch anything without my permission.
3. She posted the letter without a stamp.
4. Never act without thinking about the Consequences.
5. He left without saying a word.
BEHIND, at the back of
1. The thief was hiding behind the door.
2. My house is behind the school.
3. The train is behind schedule.
4. The sun disappeared behind the clouds.
5. My family is behind me in my ambition to become an engineer.
6. India is behind China in terms of international trade.
7. Please tell him to stand behind the counter.
DURING, within a specified period of time
1. They did nothing during the last week.
2. She will complete this course during the summer vacation.
3. Raise this issue during the discussion.
OVER, higher than, above
1. There is no fan over the table.
2. The aeroplane is hovering over our colony.
3. We are passing over London.
4. He jumped over the wall.
- They held an umbrella over her.
- Turn over the page.
- He ruled over a great empire.
- He has little control over his emotions.
- Spread a cloth over the table.
UNDER, beneath or below
1. They took rest under a tree.
2. The books are under the pillow.
3. Please push this table under the fan.
- The water flows under the bridge.
- Children under the age of four are not admitted.
- He has a staff of ten working under him.
- India was under British rule till 1947.
- Under the terms mentioned earlier, you have to pay the penalty.
- The matter is still under consideration.
- He did it under the influence of his friends.
- Don’t open an account under a false name.
ABOVE, higher than
1. Fix a tube light above the table.
2. There is no map above the chair.
3. His head was above the water.
4. He got above 60% marks.
5. The water came above his knee.
6. We are flying above the clouds.
7. It weighs above 5 kg.
8. She is above suspicion.
9. He must be above 18.
BELOW, at a lower position
1. The valley is below the hill.
2. Don’t write below this line.
3. The temperature will remain below the freezing point.
4. His rank is below an inspector.
5. He got below 50% marks.
Part I, from one side to another side
1. Can he swim across the river?
2. The child ran across the ground.
3. Draw a line across the page.
Part II On the other side
1. My house is across the street.
2. Please wait for me across the road.
ABOUT, relating to, on the point of, almost going to
1. Do you know anything about him?
2. I have no knowledge about it.
3. They are about to go.
4. The movie was about to start.
5. Has he written a book about China?
TOWARDS, in the direction of
1. They ran towards the crossing.
2. He hit the ball towards the goal.
3. It is the first step towards greater unity between India and Pakistan.
4. Parents should be friendly towards their children.
THROUGH, to go in from one side and come out from the other side of
1. The tiger jumped through the ring.
2. They went through a tunnel.
3. The river Yamuna flows through Delhi.
4. The boys ran through the street.
5. I came to know about this computer through a newspaper advertisement.
6. The wind swept through the garden.
ALONG, on a course parallel to
1. We can go along this wall.
2. They went along the track/canal.
3. Let’s have a stroll along the river bank.
ALONG WITH, in addition to
1. The company is giving a DVD free along with this television.
2. I gave him a pen along with the book.
SINCE, (point of time)
1. It has been raining since morning.
2. He has been living in Delhi since 1987.
3. I haven’t visited him since his last birthday party.
BESIDE, at the side of, next to, near
1. You may sit beside me.
2. Please keep this chair beside the bench.
BESIDES, in addition to
1. Besides vegetables she bought apples.
2. Besides a car they also have a bike.
UP, from a lower to a higher point
1. Why are they going up the hill?
2. Climb up these stairs.
DOWN, from a higher to a lower point
1. They ran down the slope.
2. The rock rolled down the hill.
3. Her hair were hanging down.
ON TO, moving to a position on
1. He climbed onto the horse.
2. He moved the books onto the third shelf.
AMID/AMIDST/IN THE MIDST OF, in the middle of, surrounded by
1. Amid the noise I was unable to hear anything.
2. It was difficult for him to work in the city amidst such circumstances.
3. Amid confusion she lost her way.
4. In the midst of clappings he announced this scheme.
BENEATH, to a lower position
1. There was a toy beneath the books.
2. I can’t do this work as it is beneath my dignity.
3. The boat sank beneath the waves.
BEYOND, on the for side of
1. It was beyond his power.
2. The kidnappers have gone beyond the reach of the police.
3. This bike is beyond repair now.
4. Don’t study beyond midnight.
AROUND, on all sides
1. They drove around the city.
2. Build a wall around this garden.
Preposition Practice Exercises for Class 8 CBSE
A. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
1. Unless I hear anything _____________ the contrary, I shall assume that the meeting will be held on Sunday afternoon.
2. I am not as free as you think; _____________ the contrary, I have lots of homework to do.
3. Maya was accompanied _____________ her mother to the concert.
4. His fever became worse in the night, accompanied _____________ delirium.
5. She finds it difficult to adapt herself _____________ new environments.
6. This book will be adapted _____________ use by beginners of the language.
7. He carried out his father’s instructions _____________ question.
8. The man _____________ question is a prominent figure in the business circle.
9. If everything goes according _____________ schedule, we shall finish the work by the end of the month.
10. The construction work fell _____________ schedule-because of a shortage of workers.
11. Disappointed _____________ their eldest son, the couple placed their hopes on their second son.
12. Disappointed _____________ the examination result, he made a resolution to devote more time to his studies.
13. A soldier should be brave and honourable; _____________ all, he should put his country before himself.
14. Sanjeev should set a good example to his brothers; _____________ all, he is the eldest in the family.
15. I am tired _____________ doing nothing all day; I shall go for a walk after dinner.
16. Tired _____________ the vigourous training, the players were glad to be given a short break.
17. You will have lots of opportunities _____________ meeting interesting people if you take up this job.
18. The scholarship will be your opportunity _____________ further study in a foreign university.
19. The old man got himself a dog _____________ company.
20. Sumit’s mother advised him not to keep company _____________ bad boys.
B. Complete the following conversations with suitable prepositions.
1. A. Did you say you were looking _____________ a baby-sitter?
B. Yes, I’m just looking _____________ these advertisements. It’s so difficult to get anyone to look _____________ young children.
A. I expect it’s expensive too, isn’t it?
B. I don’t know. I’ll have to look the money side of it.
2. A. What’s the job you’ve applied for?
B. It’s with a travel company. But the advert says that you need some exp jrience _____________ working in the tourism industry. I haven’t got that. And I don’t think my knowledge _____________ foreign languages will be good enough. I’m having no success at all _____________ my attempts to get a job.
A. What about your interest _____________ computers? And your skill _____________ typing? That’s the sort of thing employers are looking for.
B. What skill? I can only type with two fingers.
3. Puneet: I’m supposed to finish my project this week, aren’t I?
Teacher: Yes, you should give it to me _____________ the end of the week. I’d like to have it _____________ Friday, ideally.
Puneet: I’m afraid that’s going to be difficult. I’m going on a three-day study trip tomorrow. I’ll be away _____________ Thursday. I think the project is going to take me _____________ the middle of next week. I can’t finish _____________ the end of this week.
Teacher: Well, let me have it Wednesday of next week.
4. Two business people are arranging a meeting.
A : I’m free _____________ the 15th of March. Can we meet then?
B : That’s Friday, isn’t it? No, I’m afraid I can’t see you _____________ Friday. I’ll be in Delhi.
A : I’d like to have a meeting this month. I shall be very busy _____________ April.
B : I have an extra couple of days’ holiday because _____________ Easter, so perhaps the week after. Shall we meet the 27th? That’s Wednesday.
A : Well, I’ve got an appointment _____________ the morning but nothing _____________ the afternoon. How about _____________ Wednesday afternoon _____________ about half past two?
B : Yes, that’ll be fine.
C. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
1. Were you quarrelling _____________ Monu just now ? I heard you shouting _____________ him. (with, to, at)
2. Hurry _____________ ! It’s already a quarter _____________ six. We’re supposed to be there _____________ six. ( by, to, up, to )
3. She fell _____________ her bicycle as she was cycling _____________ the hill _____________ her house _____________ the top. ( up, from, to, at, down)
4. The thief jumped _____________ the window and ran _____________ the garden path _____________ the gate. ( on, to, through, down )
5. There was a lovely dress _____________ sale _____________ the shop _____________ the supermarket. She was tempted to buy it, but she didn’t have enough money _____________ her _____________ that moment. ( at, near, on, with, at, in, for)
6. We saw a cat _____________ top _____________ the cupboard. It was afraid to come _____________, so I stood a chair, caught hold _____________ it and brought it _____________ (on, down, down, of, of, on, in)
8. He dived _____________ the pond and swam _____________ the little girl. Catching hold _____________ the girl he started to swim _____________ the bank. (to, towards, into, back, of)
9. He spoke _____________ me _____________ just a few minutes. He said that he was _____________ a hurry since he had an appointment _____________ an old friend _____________ half an hour’s time. (in, with, to, in, for, by)
10. I was listening _____________ the news _____________ the radio when the lights went _____________ suddenly. I jumped out _____________ my chair when I felt something brush _____________ me. I was so startled that I screamed _____________ fright. ( of, on, out, with, against, to, for)
11. If you come _____________ Bhuvan _____________ your way _____________ town, will you please tell him that I shall be waiting _____________ him _____________ Monday to discuss something _____________ him? Tell him that it is _____________ great importance. ( across, on, with, for, of, on, to, back)
12. Our car broke _____________ while we were passing _____________ the village. The three _____________ us managed to push the car _____________ the nearest garage _____________ repairs. We continued the journey _____________ foot and reached our place _____________ midnight. ( at, through, on, for, down, of, to, by)
D. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
1. He started work _____________ six _____________ the morning and continued right up _____________ five _____________ the evening.
2. Those who were _____________ the motion gathered _____________ the room to talk _____________ the topic. They talked _____________ great length but arrived _____________ no conclusion.
3. There’s a ‘NO ENTRANCE’ sign pinned _____________ the door. If you go in _____________ permission, you’ll get _____________ trouble.
4. He has just written a book _____________ the growing _____________ plants _____________ the tropics. He draws most _____________ his information _____________ reliable sources.
5. That man who was walking unsteadily _____________ the road was _____________ the influence _____________ alcohol. The children who were playing _____________ the roadside _____________ ran _____________ their mothers _____________ the sight _____________ him.
6. The boys were not _____________ favour _____________ going to India Gate but as we insisted _____________ going, they had _____________ give in _____________ our suggestion.
7. He was born _____________ a good family _____________ that town but now he has degenerated _____________ little more than an animal. He is addicted _____________ gambling and drinking.
8. His illness is a mere pretext _____________ his continued absence. He loathes going _____________ school and seizes _____________ any chance to play truant. His bad results are not to be wondered _____________.
9. Children _____________ sixteen years _____________ age are barred _____________ seeing this film.
10. Water is leaking _____________ a hole _____________ the roof. I have put a container directly _____________ the hole for the time being. You’ll have _____________ see _____________ it later.
11. The stranger asked the housing agent _____________ the price _____________ the house _____________ the corner the road.
12. That man is an authority _____________ ancient customs. If you have any query _____________ them, you can always _____________ go _____________ him clarification.
13. He has little confidence _____________ himself. He despairs _____________ success even as he tries his hand _____________ a project.
14. The area _____________ our house is infested _____________ mosquitoes. We must get rid _____________ all their breeding places before the situation gets worse.
15. His friends felt sorry _____________ him _____________ his bereavement. It must have been a great shock _____________ him for he seemed oblivious anyone or _____________ anything _____________ weeks.
16.1 don’t agree _____________ you _____________ that matter. _____________ my opinion, there are more advantages to be gained _____________ compulsory education.
17. He is to sail _____________ a ship bound _____________ New Zealand _____________ the second _____________ this month. He has made arrangements _____________ everything and has nothing to worry _____________ now.
18. The scouts went _____________ house _____________ house to collect money _____________ a project that they intend to work _____________ later _____________ the year. They were happy _____________ get the co-operation _____________ the local residents.
19. The little boy ran _____________ the road _____________ troubling to look out _____________ on-coming traffic. His mother watched him _____________ the house and felt _____________ ease only when he was safely _____________ the other side.
20. We traveled _____________ Mumbai _____________ Agra _____________ train and arrived _____________ our destination _____________ the evening. We stayed the night there _____________ a friend’s house.