Definition: A preposition is a word placed before a noun or a pronoun to show in what relation the person or thing denoted by it stands in regard to something else.
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Preposition Exercises for Class 8 CBSE With Answers Pdf
A preposition shows the relation of place, time, manner, cause, reason, purpose, possession, measure, contrast, etc. It is used/placed before a noun or pronoun to show relation between noun, pronoun and other words used.
Preposition showing Plaçe:
- The book is placed on computer table.
- She lives at 102, Race Course.
- The first train in India was from Thane to Mumbai.
- I am going to Mumbai.
- There are hotels across the street.
- Grow plants along the road.
- This train passes through Ambala.
- My dog fell into a village well.
- She is waiting in the wall.
- Put it under the table.
Prepositions Showing time:
- He had come before you left.
- The match will be played after a week.
- It rained till 10:30 am.
- Reach here between 10.00 to 11.00 am.
- I have taught English for two decades.
- The president cut the ribbon with a blunt knife.
- Cause/reason/purpose: ‘for/since’
- You can not be registered for/since you do not have prescribed eligibility.
Measurefrate: ‘By’, ‘at
- Milk is old by litre.
- Apple in Shimla is sold at 10/- per kg.
- The Plane was at an altitude of 32000 feet.
- Children understand with ‘love and affection’.
- The lawyer did not compromise with the interest of his client.
- The following table contains rules for some of the most frequently used prepositions in English:
Prepositions – Time
|on||days of the week||On Monday|
time of day
after a certain period of time (when ?)
|in August/in winter
in the morning
in an hour
for the weekend
a certain point of time (when?)
at the weekend
at half-past nine
|since||from a certain point of time (past till now)||since 1980|
|for||over a certain period of time (past till now)||for 2 years|
|ago||a certain time in the past||2 years ago|
|before||earlier than a certain point of time||before 2004|
|to||telling the time||ten of six (5:50)|
|past||telling the time||ten past six (6:10)|
|to/till/until||marking the beginning and end of a period of time||from Monday to/till Friday|
|till/until||in the sense of how long something is going to last||He is on holiday until Friday.|
|by||in the sense of at the latest up to a certain time||I will be back by 6 o’clock.
By 11 o’clock, I had read five pages.
Prepositions – Place (Position and Direction)
|in||room, building, street, town, country book, paper etc.
|in the kitchen, in London
in the book
in the car, in a taxi
in the picture, in the world
|at||meaning next to, by an object
place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)
|at the door, at the station
at the table
at a concert, at the party
at the cinema, at school, at work
for a place with a river
being on a surface
for a certain side (left, right)
for a floor in a house
for public transport
for television, radio
|the picture on the wall
London lies on the Thames.
on the table
on the left
on the first floor
on the bus, on a plane
on TV, on the radio
|left or right of somebody or something||Jane is standing by/next to/beside the car.|
|under||on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else||the bag is under the table|
|below||lower than something else but above ground||the fish are below the surface|
|over||covered by something else
meaning more than
getting to the other side (also across) overcoming an obstacles
|put a jacket over you shirt,
over 16 years of ago.
walk over the bridge
climb over the wall
|above||higher than something else, but not directly over it||a path above the lake|
|across||getting to the other side (also over)
getting to the other side
|walk across the bridge
swim across the lake
|through||something with limits on top, bottom and the sides||drive through the tunnel|
|to||movement to person or building
movement to a place or country
|go to the cinema
go to London/Ireland
go to bed
|into||enter a room/a building||go into the kitchen/the house|
|towards||movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it)||go 5 steps towards the house|
|onto||movement to the top of something||jump onto the table|
|from||in the sense of where from||a flower from a garden|
Other important Prepositions
|from||who gave it||a present from Jane|
|of||who/what does it belong to
what does it show
|a page of the book the picture of a palace|
|by||who made it||a book by Mark Twain|
|on||walking or riding on horseback
entering a public transport vehicle
|on foot, on horseback get on the bus|
|in||entering a car/ Taxi||get in the car|
|off||leaving a public transport vehicle||get off the train|
|out of||leaving a car/ Taxi||get out of the taxi|
|by||rise or fall of something
travelling (other than walking or horse riding)
|prices have risen by 10 percent by car, by bus|
|at||for age||she learned Russian at 45|
|about||for Topics, meaning what about||we were talking about you.|
The following words are the most commonly used prepositions:
|against||beyond||in front of||outside||up|
|among||by||in spite of||past||up to|
|before||during||near||throughout||with regard to|
|behind||except||of||to||with respect to|
Preposition Practice Exercises for Class 8 CBSE
A. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
1. Unless I hear anything _____________ the contrary, I shall assume that the meeting will be held on Sunday afternoon.
2. I am not as free as you think; _____________ the contrary, I have lots of homework to do.
3. Maya was accompanied _____________ her mother to the concert.
4. His fever became worse in the night, accompanied _____________ delirium.
5. She finds it difficult to adapt herself _____________ new environments.
6. This book will be adapted _____________ use by beginners of the language.
7. He carried out his father’s instructions _____________ question.
8. The man _____________ question is a prominent figure in the business circle.
9. If everything goes according _____________ schedule, we shall finish the work by the end of the month.
10. The construction work fell _____________ schedule-because of a shortage of workers.
11. Disappointed _____________ their eldest son, the couple placed their hopes on their second son.
12. Disappointed _____________ the examination result, he made a resolution to devote more time to his studies.
13. A soldier should be brave and honourable; _____________ all, he should put his country before himself.
14. Sanjeev should set a good example to his brothers; _____________ all, he is the eldest in the family.
15. I am tired _____________ doing nothing all day; I shall go for a walk after dinner.
16. Tired _____________ the vigourous training, the players were glad to be given a short break.
17. You will have lots of opportunities _____________ meeting interesting people if you take up this job.
18. The scholarship will be your opportunity _____________ further study in a foreign university.
19. The old man got himself a dog _____________ company.
20. Sumit’s mother advised him not to keep company _____________ bad boys.
B. Complete the following conversations with suitable prepositions.
1. A. Did you say you were looking _____________ a baby-sitter?
B. Yes, I’m just looking _____________ these advertisements. It’s so difficult to get anyone to look _____________ young children.
A. I expect it’s expensive too, isn’t it?
B. I don’t know. I’ll have to look the money side of it.
2. A. What’s the job you’ve applied for?
B. It’s with a travel company. But the advert says that you need some exp jrience _____________ working in the tourism industry. I haven’t got that. And I don’t think my knowledge _____________ foreign languages will be good enough. I’m having no success at all _____________ my attempts to get a job.
A. What about your interest _____________ computers? And your skill _____________ typing? That’s the sort of thing employers are looking for.
B. What skill? I can only type with two fingers.
3. Puneet: I’m supposed to finish my project this week, aren’t I?
Teacher: Yes, you should give it to me _____________ the end of the week. I’d like to have it _____________ Friday, ideally.
Puneet: I’m afraid that’s going to be difficult. I’m going on a three-day study trip tomorrow. I’ll be away _____________ Thursday. I think the project is going to take me _____________ the middle of next week. I can’t finish _____________ the end of this week.
Teacher: Well, let me have it Wednesday of next week.
4. Two business people are arranging a meeting.
A : I’m free _____________ the 15th of March. Can we meet then?
B : That’s Friday, isn’t it? No, I’m afraid I can’t see you _____________ Friday. I’ll be in Delhi.
A : I’d like to have a meeting this month. I shall be very busy _____________ April.
B : I have an extra couple of days’ holiday because _____________ Easter, so perhaps the week after. Shall we meet the 27th? That’s Wednesday.
A : Well, I’ve got an appointment _____________ the morning but nothing _____________ the afternoon. How about _____________ Wednesday afternoon _____________ about half past two?
B : Yes, that’ll be fine.
C. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
1. Were you quarrelling _____________ Monu just now ? I heard you shouting _____________ him. (with, to, at)
2. Hurry _____________ ! It’s already a quarter _____________ six. We’re supposed to be there _____________ six. ( by, to, up, to )
3. She fell _____________ her bicycle as she was cycling _____________ the hill _____________ her house _____________ the top. ( up, from, to, at, down)
4. The thief jumped _____________ the window and ran _____________ the garden path _____________ the gate. ( on, to, through, down )
5. There was a lovely dress _____________ sale _____________ the shop _____________ the supermarket. She was tempted to buy it, but she didn’t have enough money _____________ her _____________ that moment. ( at, near, on, with, at, in, for)
6. We saw a cat _____________ top _____________ the cupboard. It was afraid to come _____________, so I stood a chair, caught hold _____________ it and brought it _____________ (on, down, down, of, of, on, in)
8. He dived _____________ the pond and swam _____________ the little girl. Catching hold _____________ the girl he started to swim _____________ the bank. (to, towards, into, back, of)
9. He spoke _____________ me _____________ just a few minutes. He said that he was _____________ a hurry since he had an appointment _____________ an old friend _____________ half an hour’s time. (in, with, to, in, for, by)
10. I was listening _____________ the news _____________ the radio when the lights went _____________ suddenly. I jumped out _____________ my chair when I felt something brush _____________ me. I was so startled that I screamed _____________ fright. ( of, on, out, with, against, to, for)
11. If you come _____________ Bhuvan _____________ your way _____________ town, will you please tell him that I shall be waiting _____________ him _____________ Monday to discuss something _____________ him? Tell him that it is _____________ great importance. ( across, on, with, for, of, on, to, back)
12. Our car broke _____________ while we were passing _____________ the village. The three _____________ us managed to push the car _____________ the nearest garage _____________ repairs. We continued the journey _____________ foot and reached our place _____________ midnight. ( at, through, on, for, down, of, to, by)
D. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
1. He started work _____________ six _____________ the morning and continued right up _____________ five _____________ the evening.
2. Those who were _____________ the motion gathered _____________ the room to talk _____________ the topic. They talked _____________ great length but arrived _____________ no conclusion.
3. There’s a ‘NO ENTRANCE’ sign pinned _____________ the door. If you go in _____________ permission, you’ll get _____________ trouble.
4. He has just written a book _____________ the growing _____________ plants _____________ the tropics. He draws most _____________ his information _____________ reliable sources.
5. That man who was walking unsteadily _____________ the road was _____________ the influence _____________ alcohol. The children who were playing _____________ the roadside _____________ ran _____________ their mothers _____________ the sight _____________ him.
6. The boys were not _____________ favour _____________ going to India Gate but as we insisted _____________ going, they had _____________ give in _____________ our suggestion.
7. He was born _____________ a good family _____________ that town but now he has degenerated _____________ little more than an animal. He is addicted _____________ gambling and drinking.
8. His illness is a mere pretext _____________ his continued absence. He loathes going _____________ school and seizes _____________ any chance to play truant. His bad results are not to be wondered _____________.
9. Children _____________ sixteen years _____________ age are barred _____________ seeing this film.
10. Water is leaking _____________ a hole _____________ the roof. I have put a container directly _____________ the hole for the time being. You’ll have _____________ see _____________ it later.
11. The stranger asked the housing agent _____________ the price _____________ the house _____________ the corner the road.
12. That man is an authority _____________ ancient customs. If you have any query _____________ them, you can always _____________ go _____________ him clarification.
13. He has little confidence _____________ himself. He despairs _____________ success even as he tries his hand _____________ a project.
14. The area _____________ our house is infested _____________ mosquitoes. We must get rid _____________ all their breeding places before the situation gets worse.
15. His friends felt sorry _____________ him _____________ his bereavement. It must have been a great shock _____________ him for he seemed oblivious anyone or _____________ anything _____________ weeks.
16.1 don’t agree _____________ you _____________ that matter. _____________ my opinion, there are more advantages to be gained _____________ compulsory education.
17. He is to sail _____________ a ship bound _____________ New Zealand _____________ the second _____________ this month. He has made arrangements _____________ everything and has nothing to worry _____________ now.
18. The scouts went _____________ house _____________ house to collect money _____________ a project that they intend to work _____________ later _____________ the year. They were happy _____________ get the co-operation _____________ the local residents.
19. The little boy ran _____________ the road _____________ troubling to look out _____________ on-coming traffic. His mother watched him _____________ the house and felt _____________ ease only when he was safely _____________ the other side.
20. We traveled _____________ Mumbai _____________ Agra _____________ train and arrived _____________ our destination _____________ the evening. We stayed the night there _____________ a friend’s house.