Looking for an easy way to Learning of new elementary english grammar and composition for class 6 answers, Solutions. You have to learn basic English Grammar topics like Tenses Verbs, Nouns, etc… In this article, we will review the best English Grammer Topics and compare them against each other.
Phrases Exercise for Class 6 CBSE With Answers PDF
A phrase is a group of related words (within a sentence) without both subject and verb.
- We were laughing at the joker.
A phrase functions as a noun, verb, adverb, adjective or preposition in a sentence.
The function of a phrase depends on its construction (words it contains). On the basis of their functions and constructions, phrases are divided into various types i. e. noun phrase, verb phrase, adverb phrase, adjective phrase, preposition phrase, infinite phrase, participle phrase and gerund phrase.
1. Noun Phrase
A noun phrase consists of a noun and other related words (usually modifiers and determiners) which modify the noun. It functions like a noun in a sentence.
A noun phrase consists of a noun as the head word and other words (usually modifiers and determiners) which come after or before the noun. The whole phrase works as a noun in a sentence.
Noun Phrase = noun + modifiers (the modifiers can be after or before noun)
- He is wearing a nice red shirt. – (as noun/object)
- She brought a glass full of water. – (as noun/object)
- The boy with brown hair is laughing. – (as noun/subject)
- A man on the roof was shouting. – (as noun/subject)
A sentence can also contain more than one noun phrase.
- The girl with green eyes bought a beautiful dress.
2. Prepositional phrase
A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, object of preposition (noun or pronoun) and may also consist of other modifiers.
- on a table, near a wall, in the room, at the door, under a tree
A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition and mostly ends with a noun or pronoun. Whatever prepositional phrase ends with is called the object of preposition. A prepositional phrase functions as an adjective or adverb in a sentence.
- A girl on the roof is singing a song. (As adjective)
- The man in the room is my father. (As adjective)
- Sarika is shouting in a loud voice. (As adverb)
- Ram always behaves in a good manner. (As adverb)
3. Adjective Phrase
An adjective phrase is a group of words that functions like an adjective in a sentence. It consists of adjective, modifier on any word that modifies a noun or pronoun.
- He is wearing a nice white watch. – (modifies watch)
- The girl with black hair is dancing. – (modifies girl)
- He gave me a box full of chocolates. – (modifies box)
- A boy from Shimla won the race. – (modifies boy)
4. Adverb Phrase
An adverb phrase is a group of words that functions as an adverb in a sentence. It consists of adverbs or other words (preposition, noun, verb, modifiers) that make a group with works like an adverb in a sentence.
- Radhika always behaves in a good manner. – (modifies verb behave)
- I was shouting in a loud voice. – (modifies verb shout)
- My father always drives with care. – (modifies verb drive)
- He sat in a corner of the room. – (modifies verb sit)
- She returned in a short while. – (modifies verb return)
A prepositional phrase can also act as an adverb phrase. For example in above sentence “Radhika always behaves in a good manner”, the phrase “in a good manner” is a prepositional phrase but it acts as adverb phrase here.
5. Verb Phrase
A verb phrase is a combination of main verb and its auxiliaries (helping verbs) in a sentence.
- Mohan is eating a banana.
- Ditya has finished her work.
- You should study for your bright future.
- She has been sleeping since morning.
6. Infinitive Phrase
An infinitive phrase consist of an infinitive (to + simple form of verb) and modifiers or other words associated to the infinitive. An infinitive phrase always functions as an adjective, adverb or a noun in a sentence.
- He likes to watch movies. – (As noun/object)
- To earn respect is a desire of everyone. – (As noun/subject)
- He shouted to inform people about fire. – (As adverb, modifies verb shout)
- He made a plan to buy a new house. – (As adjective, modifies noun plan)
7. Gerund Phrase
A gerund phrase consists of a gerund (verb + ing) and modifiers or other words associated with the gerund. A gerund phrase acts as a noun in a sentence.
- I like dancing on the stage. – (As noun/object)
- She started thinking about the final result. – (As noun/object)
- Eating late in night is a bad habit. – (As noun/subject)
- Weeping of a baby woke her mother up. – (As noun/subject)
Phrase Clause Exercises For Class 6 With Answers
A. Identify the noun phrase in the following sentences.
1. I hope to win the first prize.
2. I tried to solve the puzzle.
3. Did you enjoy reading this book?
4. The boy wants to go home.
5. Horses prefer living in dark stables.
6. The accused refused to answer the question.
7. The boy denied stealing the money.
8. To write such rubbish is disgraceful.
9. I dislike having to punish my kids.
10. I will hate to do such a thing.
B. Complete the gaps with the expression as … as… or not as … as … using the adjectives provided and convert them into an adjective phrase. The first one has been done for you.
1. This pear is hard as j that one. (hard)
2. This horse is __________ that. (strong)
3. These trousers are __________ those. (expensive)
4. She is __________ she looks. (not/old)
5. The town centre was __________ usual. (not/crowded)
6. I’m sorry I’m late. I got here __________ I could. (fast)
7. I’m quite tall, but you are taller. I’m __________ you. (not/tall)
8. Rome is __________ Athens. Athens was built earlier. (not/old)
C. Underline the adverb phrase in the following sentences.
1. The fishers went sailing over the sea.
2. He lay beside the heap of corn.
3. She whispered in his ear.
4. He fought with all his might.
5. He shouted at the top of his voice.
6. It must be done at any cost.
7. Much water has run under the bridge.
8. Without pausing to consider he struck the blow.
D. Complete the following sentences using appropriate prepositional phrase.
1. I would rather have coffee _____________ tea.
a) instead of
b) instead from
c) instead to
2. _____________ the rains, we went out.
a) in spite of
b) in spite
c) in spite on
3. _____________ fire, break glass to escape.
a) in case of
b) in case
c) in case with
4. I am standing here _____________ my friends.
a) in behalf of
b) on behalf of
c) on behalf
5. We solved the problem _____________ a new device developed by engineers.
a) by means of
b) by means
c) by means to
6. _____________ I had a happy childhood.
a) in the whole
b) on the whole
c) the whole of
7. Can you help me _____________?
a) in any way
b) in any way
c) any way
8. She didn’t allow cancer to discourage her. _____________, she bega work twice as hard.
a) on the contrary
b) in the contrary
c) to the contrary
9. _____________, we are impressed with her performance.
a) in general
b) on general
c) in generally
10.1 am seeing him in May _____________ in June.
a) or rather
c) in rather
E. Underline the gerund phrase in the sentences below.
Brisk walking is Deepak’s favourite exercise.
1. Keeping a light on in the house helps to discourage robbers.
2. Mrs. Khanna enjoys playing piano.
3. I remember promising Sanjeev my old bike.
4. Standing during a two-hour train trip is not my idea of fun.
5. Do you like sailing in the lake?
6. Volunteering at the hospital is just one of Hema’s activities.
7. Mrs. Malhotra enjoys watching quiz shows on television.
8. Allow twenty minutes a pound for roasting the turkey.
9. Taking out the garbage is not my favourite job around the house.
10. Understanding a foreign language and speaking it well are two different things.
A phrasal verb is a verb that is combined with a preposition (at, on, over, etc.) or adverb (back, down, off, etc.), and together has its own special meaning.
get away means escape; and speak up means speak louder.
Phrasal Verbs are frequently formed with: break, bring, call, carry, come, do, fall, get, go, keep, look, make, put, run, set, take, turn Some phrasal verbs retain the meaning of the original verb while some others have meaning completely different to the original verb.
- I asked my neighbour to come in.
(The phrasal verb come in means enter which is easily understood as we are familiar with the meaning of the words: come, in.)
- The deal fell through at the last moment.
(The phrasal verb fell through means not completed successfully which is different in meaning to the verb fell.)
phrasal verbs with meaning and example for Class 6
A. Answer the following questions from the story above.
1. What did Johnny’s dentist warn him about his teeth?
2. What did dentist advice to do?
3. What happened to Johnny during last visit?
4. Why did Johnny feel happy at the end of the story?
B. Write down the meaning of the phrasal verbs given in the story above.
|fall out – ……………………..||lay down – ……………………..||chock up – ……………………..|
|keep up – ……………………..||come back – ……………………..||chock out – ……………………..|
|cut out – ……………………..||pull out – ……………………..||wash out – ……………………..|
|cut down – ……………………..||wear off – ……………………..||spit out – ……………………..|
COME – Meanings
|Come across||Find/meet by chance|
|Come round||To agree with someone|
|Come Over||Come from a distance|
DO – Meanings
|Do away with||Abolish|
|Do up||Dress up|
|Do without||Not required|
FALL – Meanings
|Fall apart||To break into pieces|
|Fall behind||Fail to keep up pace|
|Fall For||Be in love with|
|Fall in with||Meet buy chance|
|Fall to||Start an activity eagerly|
GET – Meaning
|Get across||To cross something|
|Get along||To be friendly|
|Get away||To move away|
|Get away with||To do something without getting punished|
|Get by||To survive|
|Get down to||Start an activity eagerly|
|Get in||To enter a place|
|Get up||Rise from bed after sleeping|
KEEP – Meaning
|Keep away||Prevent from|
|Keep down||Not to increase|
|Keep on||Not stopping doing something|
|Keep up with||Not to fall behind|
LOOK – Meaning
|Look after||Take care of|
|Look on||Be a spectator|
|Look out||Be careful|
|Look over||Inspect hastily|
|Look though||Pretend not to see|
|Look up||Consult a reference book|
MAKE – Meaning
|Make for||Produce a particular effect|
|Make off||Run away|
|Make up||Put together, apply cosmetics|
PUT – Meaning
|Put across||Express in an understandable way|
|Put back||Put something to its proper place|
|Put down||Write down|
|Put forward||To offer an idea or opinion|
|Put on||Dress oneself with|
|Put through||Connect somebody by phone|
RUN – Meaning
|Run Down||Knock down|
|Run into||Meet by chance|
SET – Meanings
|Set aside||Reserve for later use|
|Set down||Write down|
|Set off||Start a journey|
|Set up||Start a business|
TAKE – Meanings
|Take after||Follow somebody|
|Take down||Write down|
|Take off||Begin flight|
|Take to||Develop a habit|
TURN – Meanings
|Turn in||Hand in|
|Turn off||Switch off|
|Turn on||Switch on|
|Turn out||Switch off|
|Turn over||Bring the reverse side up|
|Turn up||Increase the intensity|
phrasal verbs Practice example for Class 6
A. Complete the sentences with the help of phrasal verbs in the box. The first one has been done for you.
passed away, do without, look forward to, called off, made up, carried away, break out, run out, put up with, keep up
1. Don’t smoke in the forest Fires break, out easily at this time of the year.
2. I _____________ seeing my friends again.
3. I’m afraid; we have _____________ of apple juice. Will an orange juice do?
4. Your website has helped me a lot to _____________ the good work.
5. A friend of mine has _____________ her wedding.
6. His mother canut _____________ his terrible behaviour anymore.
7. As an excuse for being late, she _____________ a whole story.
8. I got _____________ by his enthusiasm.
9. I just cannot _____________ my mobile. I always keep it with me.
10. She was very sad because her father _____________ last week.
B. Complete the sentences with phrasai verbs. The first one has been done for you.
1. I don’t know where my book is. I must look for it.
2. Fill _____________ the form, please.
3. The music is too loud. Could you turn _____________ the volume, please?
4. Quick, get _____________ the bus or you’ll have to walk home.
5. Turn _____________ the lights when you go to bed.
6. Do you mind if I switch _____________ the TV? I’d like to watch the news.
7. The dinner was ruined. I had to throw it _____________.
8. When you enter the house, take _____________ your shoes and put your slippers.
9. If you don’t know this word, you can look it _____________ in a dictionary.
C. Complete sentences using phrasal verbs according to their meanings in brackets. The first one has been done for you.
1. Take off your shoes. (Remove)
2. Somebody has to _____________ the baby. (take care of)
3. She wants to _____________ the truth? (discover)
4. Where can I _____________ the sweater? (see if it fits)
5. _____________ (Be quick)
6. Why don’t you _____________? (take a seat)
7. I will _____________ the train now. (enter)
8. _____________ the word in a dictionary. (consult a dictionary)
9. I want to _____________ the form. (complete)
10. The firemen _____________ the fire. (extinguish)
D. Complete the sentences. The first one has been done for you.
1. Put your shoes on – it’s too cold to walk around barefoot.
2. You must get _____________ now or you will be late for school.
3. Sit _____________, please. I’ll be with you in a minute.
4. Could you write this _____________ for me, please?
5. Don’t give _____________ singing. You are very talented.
6. Where is the fitting room? I’d like to try _____________ these trousers.