Phrasal Verb Meaning: A phrasal verb is a combination of a verb and preposition, a verb and an adverb. It has a meaning which is different from the original verb.
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Phrasal Exercises for Class 8 With Answers CBSE
In English traditional grammar, a phrasal verb is the combination of two or three words from different grammatical categories — a verb and a particle, such as an adverb or a preposition — to form a single semantic unit on a lexical or syntactic level. Examples: turn down, run into, sit up. There are tens of thousands of them, and they are in everyday, constant use. These semantic units cannot be understood based upon the meanings of the individual parts alone, but must be taken as a whole.
In other words, the meaning is non-compositional and thus unpredictable. Phrasal verbs that include a preposition are known as prepositional verbs and phrasal verbs that include a particle are also known as particle verbs. Additional alternative terms for phrasal verb are compound verb, verb-adverb combination, verb-particle construction, two-part word/verb or three-part word/verb (depending on the number of particles) and multi-word verb.
Phrasal verbs are differentiated from other classifications of multi-word verbs and free combinations by criteria based on idiomaticity, replacement by a single-word verb, wh-question formation and particle movement.
|Back out:||To withdraw from a promise, contract: I felt grieved when they backed out of their promise to help my mother.|
|Back up:||To support; to sustain: Ram backed up his report with relevant statistics.|
|Bear upon:||To be relevant to: This argument does not bear upon the subject under discussion.|
|Blow up:||To explode: The mine blew up and all the labourers working inside were killed.|
To teacher reprimand or scold, If you continue to be negligent, the parents will blow you up.
|Break down:||Of a car; a piece of machinery; to go wrong so that it will not function: The car broke down on our way to Delhi.|
– To collapse; to succumb to uncontrollable weeping: He broke down completely on hearing the news of his son’s death.
– To succumb to a nervous collapse through overwork or worry: He worked so hard that his health broke down near the examination.
|Break off:||To end; to discontinue; to desist: We had to break off our conversation when he arrived. She broke off in the middle of the story. She did not like his nature and broke off the engagement.|
|Break up:||To disperse; to dissolve: The meeting will break up after the President has addressed the audience.|
|Bring up:||To rear: Those brought up in adversity are able to cope with life better.|
|Call forth:||To provoke: The minister’s views on the disinvestment policy of the government called forth a good deal of bitter criticism.|
|Call out:||To shout: I called out to her but she disappeared in the dark.|
– To announce by calling or shouting: The boss called out to the employer that he was being fired immediately.
|Call upon:||To order; to require: She was unfortunately called upon to give evidence against him.|
|Carry on:||To continue: If you carry on working hard, your business will soon flourish.|
– To manage: He carried on his business so well that he soon amassed a huge fortune.
|Cast away:||To throw aside: You must cast away all your apprehensions and accept the offer.|
|Catch up with:||To overtake; to draw level: Last week, all employers had to stay late at the office to catch up with some pending files.|
|Come off:||To take place: The prize distribution came off on Tuesday last.|
– To turn out successful: His speeches at the conference always came off beautifully.
|Cry down:||To depreciate; to make little of: You must not unnecessarily cry down the conduct of others.|
|Cry out against:||To complain loudly against: The opposition parties cried out against the fast pace of the globalisation of the Indian economy.|
|Cut out:||Designed for: You were cut out to be a teacher in a school.|
|Drop in:||To visit casually: On my way to the college, I dropped in at grand parents place.|
|Fall back:||To recede; to retreat: On seeing the armed guards, the civilians fell back.|
|Fall down:||From a higher position to a lower one: The branch gave way and he fell down into the canal.|
|Fall off:||To withdraw; to drop off: Some of our subscribers have fallen off. Friends fall off in adversity.|
|Fall under:||To come under: This colony does not fall under my jurisdiction.|
|Get along:||To prosper; to progress; to proceed: Well, doctor, how is your patient getting along? It is simply impossible to get along with him.|
|Get on with:||To live pleasantly together; to progress: How are you getting on with your music elasses?|
|Get Into:||To be involved in: It is easy to get into scandals but hard to come out unscathed.|
|Give in:||To surrender; to yield: I gave into her repeated requests and accepted the offer.|
|Give over:||Not to do any longer: It is time you gave over pretending that you have access to the Chief Minister.|
|Go after:||To follow; to pursue: The policeman went after the thief but the latter managed to escape in the dark of the night.|
|Go down:||To be accepted: The terrorist attack on the Taj Hotel, Mumbai will go down in history as one of the worst acts of terrorism.|
|Go without:||To remain without: My best friend is so poor that sometimes he has to go without food.|
|Go by:||To follow: I am sorry to disappoint you but we have to go by the rules.|
|Hang about:||To loiter near a place: Last evening, I saw your enemy hanging about your house.|
|Hang upon:||To depend upon: The success of any venture hangs upon the seriousness with which it is undertaken.|
|Hold out:||To endure; to refuse to yield: How long can you hold out against starvation?|
– To continue: Sugar stocks are not likely to hold out very long.
– To offer: He held out his hand to the Princess.
|Hold to:||Abide by: Whatever resistance there might be, I will hold to my decision.|
|Keep off:||To ward off: His stern looks keep off the flatterers.|
|Keep up with:||To keep pace with: You read too fast; I cannot keep up with you.|
|Knock out:||To win by hitting the opponent insensible in a boxing bout: The challenger was knocked out in thirty seconds.|
|Lay By:||To put away for future use: I have laid by ten thousand rupees to celebrate my marriage anniversary.|
|Lay in:||To store for future use: Anticipating scarcity of foodgrains, they laid in a good store of provisions.|
|Let down:||To fail a friend: Won’t I feel grieved if my own friends let me down?|
|Let into:||To suffer to enter; to admit: Despite his pleadings, they did not let him into the meeting. I shall let no one into my secrets.|
|Let out:||To lease on hire: In my immediate neighbourhood, there is a decent flat to let out.|
– To loosen: Let us let out the dog for a while.
|Look about:||To study one’s surroundings: The terrorist looked about himself before entering the building.|
|Look for:||To search for: The old man was looking for his spectacles.|
|Look up:||To search for and find: Please look up there words in the dictionary.|
– To have a better future or improve: The price of rice is looking up these days.
|Make off with:||To run away with: The servant made off with the master’s gold chain.|
|Make over:||To transfer: He has made over the building to his son.|
|Make up:||To supply what is deficient: You must work hard during the Dussehra holidays and try to make up your deficiency in English.|
– To invent or fabricate: I made up a story to get rid of the visitor.
– To reconcile: They have made up their quarrel and are now getting on quite well.
|Pass away:||To die: Her mother passed away in the early hours of the morning.|
|Pass by:||To disregard; to omit: He did not invite me to his party. It appears that he passed me by.|
– To go alongside of: You passed by my office the day before yesterday.
|Pick out:||To select or choose: The teacher picked out the best student for the drawing competition.|
|Pick up:||To recover or regain health after an illness: She has become so weak that she . will take three months to pick up.|
|Play upon:||(a musical instrument): Mohan played upon the guiter and sang a melodious song.|
– To take advantage of: The blackmailer played upon her love for her husband.
|Pull down:||To demolish; to destroy: The old building was pulled down to create space for mall.|
|Pull up:||To take to task: The teacher was always pulling him up for his bad handwriting.|
|Put off:||To postpone: We had to put off the wedding till the father was ill.|
– To lay aside: I put off my shoes before entering the mosque.
– To turn one aside from a purpose or demand: I approached my best friend for some help but he put me off with mere words.
|Put into:||To drag into: Don’t put me into the argument.|
|Put out:||To extinguish: It is time to put out the light and go to sleep.|
– To perturb, to annoy: I was put out on hearing that I had incurred heavy losses in the recent business transactions.
|Run away:||To flee: The thief took a necklace and ran away.|
|Run away with:||To steal and depart with: The cashier ran away with fifty thousand rupees.|
|Run off:||To break off from control: The dog broke the chain and ran off.|
|Run over:||To drive over: The truck ran over the pedestrian as he was crossing the road.|
– To flow over: The stream runs over the old riverbed.
|Run through:||To squander or waste: It took her only a few months to run through all the money her parents had left her.|
– To read quickly: I will just run through this lesson and tell you what it is all about.
– To pierce: The needle ran through my finger when I was stitching my shirt.
|See into:||To attend to: You can set right the situation if you see to it at an early date.|
|Set in:||To begin: As soon as rain sets in, it becomes pleasant.|
|Set up:||To establish; to open a new business: He is soon going to set up as a financier.|
|Speak for:||To recommend somebody or to urge somebody’s claims: If you speak for to the manager, I am sure he will look at my case favourably.|
|Speak on:||To deliver a lecture on: This evening I am going to speak on the changing concepts of morality in various ages.|
|Stand off:||To keep at a distance: Would you please stand off? I brook no interference in my way of work.|
|Strike for:||To stop work for some reason: The labourers have struck for higher wages.|
|Take after:||To resemble: The younger sister takes after the elder one.|
|Take for:||To form an impression about somebody’s identity: She was taken for a South Indian.|
|Take in:||To deceive: She thinks her charm can take everybody in.|
|Take to:||To become addicted to: He took to gambling and drinking at a very early age.|
– To form a liking for: Of late, he has taken to swrmming.
|Tell against:||To prove adverse to; to go against: I am sure these facts are going to tell against your case.|
|Throw about:||To fling here and there: to leave in disorder: Children threw thier books about and ran off to play.|
|Throw away:||To lose through carelessness: You have thrown away a golden opportunity.|
|Turn against:||To become hostile to: I shall not give up my principles even if the whole world turns against me.|