What are modal verbs?
Modals (also called modal verbs, modal auxiliary verbs, modal auxiliaries) are special verbs that behave irregularly in English. They are different from normal verbs like “work, play, visit…” They give additional information about the function of the main verb that follows it. They have a great variety of communicative functions.
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Modals Exercise For Class 10 CBSE With Answers PDF
Modals are auxiliary verbs used to form the tenses, moods, voices, etc. of other verbs. They are helping verbs that cannot be used on their own but to be used along with other main verbs mainly to express attitudes.
1. When something happens, they form a tense of the main verb.
- I shall go.
- He was going
2. They express permission, necessity or possibility to do something.
- They may go.
- You must go.
- I can’t go.
- I might go.
- She would go if she could.
Observe the highlighted words in these sentences.
- We can make our nation a superpower by the year 2020.
- Kalam says that we need to do things ourselves. We must not import equipment from other nations.
- In twenty years, each one of us ought to have our destiny worked out.
All the highlighted words are Modal Auxiliaries that are used with another verb, and express the mood of the speaker.
- The main MODALS are: can, could; may, might; shall, should; will, would; must; ought to; need to; have to.
- The negative modals are: couldn’t, wouldn’t, shouldn’t, mustn’t, needn’t, oughtn’t.
Now let us see how all these modals express the modality.
Modal Verbs Worksheets With Answers for Class 10 CBSE
|Can/can’t||She can swim.||Ability|
|It can be risky if you jump.||Possibility/probability|
|Can I borrow your book?||Seeking permission|
|Can you lend me your project file?||Request|
|Can I carry your bag?||Offer|
|Could/couldn’t||There was a time when I could skip very fast.||Past ability|
|We could go to the theatre for the matinee show.||Suggestion|
|Could you please open the door?||Request|
|Could I borrow your books?||Seeking permission|
|Will/won’t||It is very hot outside so I .will spend my day at home.||Intention|
|It will rain tonight.||Prediction|
|I will get you a toy from the market.||Promise|
|Shall||Shall we put the dinner on the table?||Making arrangements|
|Shall I iron your shirt?||Offer|
|Would/Wouldn’t||Would you prefer wearing a coat or a jacket?||Preference|
|Would you come to our wedding?||Invitation|
|Would you mind if I reach an hour late?||Permission or polite request|
|He would talk for long hours on phone.||Past habit|
|Should||We should listen to our elders.||Advice|
|You should check the timings of the train.||Recommended action|
|May||May I help you?||Offer|
|May I close the window?||Permission|
|May I have some water?||Request|
|India may become a sport-loving nation after the CW Games.||Possibility/probability|
|May God bless you.||Wish/desire|
|Might||The guest might drop in at night.||Future possibility|
|Ought to||You ought to do your duty.||Advice|
|The team of players ought to be here any time.||Probability|
|Must/mustn’t||You must listen to your mother.||Obligation|
|You must not steal things.||Necessity|
|Need/needn’t||You need to learn computers.||Compulsion|
|He need not write letters to the office.||Necessity|