A conjunction is a part of speech that is used to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences. Conjunctions are considered to be invariable grammar particles, and they may or may not stand between items they conjoin. Conjunctions are words which join together words, sentences, and part of sentences.
Looking for an easy way to Learning of new elementary english grammar and composition for class 8 answers, Solutions. You have to learn basic English Grammar topics like Tenses Verbs, Nouns, etc… In this article, we will review the best English Grammer Topics and compare them against each other.
Conjunctions Exercises for Class 8 CBSE With Answers Pdf
Words that help us to join two or more words, groups of words or sentences are called conjunctions.
and, but, because, as Let us take a close look at some of the most commonly used conjunctions.
AND, BUT, OR
And is used to join words, groups of words or statements of the same meaning. It is most commonly used to show addition or a course of action (following this).
- Sashi served me some tea and biscuits. (tea + biscuits)
- I finished reading the book and went to sleep. (one after the other)
But is used to join words, groups of words or sentences that express some contrast.
- I thought I would be able to finish my work by 6 p.m. but I couldn’t. (the second part of the sentence contradicts the first)
- Sam said that he won’t be able to come with us but his brother might.
Or is used to join two options.
- We can watch a cartoon or a movie. (option 1–cartoon, option 2—movie)
- Sumita can stay with Mina or with me. (option 1–Mina, option 2—me)
In negative sentences, or is used instead of and.
- He can’t read or write. (He can read and write.)
- I didn’t have a sandwich or an ice cream. (I had a sandwich and an iice cream.)
AS, SINCE, FOR
We can use as, since, for in similar contexts as because.
- Cause—She is new. Result-She may need some help. She may need some help as she is new.
- The students listened to their teacher for they knew that she was teaching them something important.
- Celine telephoned George since she hadn’t heard from him for a long time.
In these sentences, the result is what we would normally expect in such situations.
Although, Though, Even Though
When one part of the sentence expresses an unexpected result of the cause stated in the other part, we use although, though or even though to connect the two parts. We use these conjunctions to introduce the cause and we place a comma after this part when it is placed at the beginning of the sentence.
- Although it was raining, we continued playing.
- He came to work even though he was not feeling well.
- Viju cannot touch the basketball rim though he is very tall.
While, As, When, Till, Until, After, Before
While, when and as are used as a conjunctions to talk about actions that happen at the same time.
- Sam was reading while his sister was cleaning his cupboard for him.
- When it was raining, I was fast asleep.
- He was leaving as I came home.
Till, until, after and before are used to talk about two sequential events. Till and until are used to mean up to the point in time or the event mentioned. After and before are used to show sequence.
- I need to use a washroom. I can’t wait till we get home.
- Until they moved here in 2006, they were living in Canada.
- I attend violin classes after school every day.
- I had read 200 pages of the book before I realized that I had read the book before.
Where and wherever are also used as conjunctions.
- We set up tents where we had easy access to water.
- The lamb followed Mary wherever she went.
If, Unless, Whether
These words are used as conjunctions in conditional sentences, or while reporting yes/no questions.
- You can walk home with me if you like.
- He asked me whether if I enjoyed the movie.
- Unless you tell me what is going on, I will not help you. (I will help you if you tell me what is going on.)
Either… Or, Neither … Nor, Not Only … But Also, Both … And
Some conjunctions—like either…. or, neither … nor, not only … but also appear in pairs.
They are called correlative conjunctions. Like or, these are used to join options. Either … or is used when any one of the two options given is valid. Neither … nor is used when none of the options are valid. Not only … but also and both … and are used when both the options are valid.
- Either Arya or Pia helps me with my homework. (one of them helps me)
- Neither Arya nor Pia helps me with my homework. (they don’t help me)
- I can speak not only French but also Spanish. (I can speak both French and Spanish.)
- Both Sid and Cindy are coming to the library. (both of them are coming)
These words appear just before the words they connect. Like Arya and Pia in sentences 1 and 2, French and Spanish in sentence 3, and Sid and Cindy in sentence 4.
Conjunctions Practice Exercises for Class 8 CBSE
A. Fill in the blanks with the conjunctions given below. Use each conjunction only once.
- while – when – as
- because – since – for
He reached home late as it rained heavily.
1. She stole the money ________ her brother needs to pay his school fees.
2. ________ we were in New Zealand, we visited many orchards.
3. ________ I am on leave tomorrow, there will be no English lesson.
4. He came home dripping wet ________ it was raining heavily at school.
5. ________ I was passing his house, I heard a loud scream.
6. ________ the teacher was busy writing on the board, the students at the back of the class were talking rather loudly.
B. Fill in the blanks with the conjunction given below. Use each conjunction only once.
- therefore – unless – to conclude
- as a result – in my orinia – consequently
1. ________ her mother buys her some toys, she will definitely not move away from there.
2. The referee was too lenient ________ two players were badly injured in the game.
3. They boy, ________, should have run out of the house when he first saw the smoke coming out from the kitchen.
4. He smoked too much. I am not surprised that he ________ got lung cancer.
5. They couldn’t find any stream to get fresh water, ________ they had to dig to get underground water.
6. ________, we must all work together to ensure that everything works out as planned.
C. Fill in the blanks with suitable conjunction.
1. You can write ________ e-mail to us before the end of this month.
2. Jyoti will not attend the party ________ she is personally invited.
3. Your allowance will be withdrawn ________ you do not do well.
4. Neither the employer ________ the employees are happy with the mediator.
5. You may have all the wealth in the world ________ you may still not be happy.
6. The child has not been eating well ________ yesterday.
7. We had better clean up the mess, ________ we will be in great trouble.
8. The residents are not happy ________ the garbage collectors do not collect the garbage regularly.
9. We have done our best, ________ there is no point crying over spilt milk.
10. The speaker will conduct a seminar ________ a workshop for the participants.
D. Join each pair of sentences into one by using suitable conjunction.
1. We will go for an outing. We will do so if the weather is fine.
2. We had better get ready now. We may not have time to reach the airport.
3. The meeting had to be called off. There was not enough time.
4. Mr. Singh has been sick. He has been so since coming back from Japan.
5. Do not start the rehearsal yet. The chairman has not arrived.
6. The debating teams were very happy. Both were declared joint-champions.
7. The players gave their best. They still did not win the match.
8. We are proud to be Malaysians. We must fly the Jalur Gemilang on National Day.
9. The boys were unhappy with their results. The girls were also unhappy with theirs.
10. Let us be more serious in our revision. We may not perform as much as we want.
E. Fill in the blanks with suitable conjunctions.
1. They spent the night here ________ it was too late for them to go home.
2. I cannot afford to buy this watch ________ I like it very much.
3. She said that she can’t come ________ she has a lot of work to do.
4. You must shut all the windows ________ the rain will not come in.
5. I returned the book to him ________ came back at once.
6. The front door was locked, ________ I went round the house to the back.
7. I could not sleep at all ________ the neighbor’s cat was mewing the whole night long.
8. ________ I had dressed as quickly as I could, I missed the bus.
9. He was very wealthy, ________ he was also one of the most miserly men I had ever known.
10. You can ________ use my bicycle ________ you can walk up the hill.
11. They have stopped the game ________ it has started raining rather heavily.
12. I have not seen your purse anywhere, ________ have I taken it.
13. I read through the whole book, ________ I could not get the information I wanted.
14. ________ he was very busy, he offered to help me ________ I did not know anything about the subject.
15. I went to his house yesterday, ________ he was not in; ________ I left him a message to come to my house as soon as possible.
F. Fill in the blanks with suitable conjunctions.
1. He was ________ old ________ weak there was no one to look after him.
2. My mother ________ ________ gave me a birthday present, ________ ________ some money ________ I could buy myself a new dress.
3. His father beat him, ________ he ________ cried ________ uttered a sound ________ he was used to frequent beatings.
4. ________ we found that we were late, we took a taxi ________ ________ we might reach the cinema on time.
5. That old man had expected free treatment ________ he was poor ________, he was shocked when he was given a bill for thirty thousands. He was ________ upset ________ he cried.
6. You’d better work hard ________ ________ you’ll fail, ________ do not study ________ hard ________ your health suffers. You should work ________ play according to a planned routine.
7. Mona, ________ ________ ________ her sister, is in the choir. They can sing ________ ________ in English ________ French ________ ________ in Chinese ________ Japanese.
8. You can ________ ride the motorcycle ________ drive the car. ________ you’d better take the motorcycle ________ part of the road is blocked.
9. He wanted to do odd jobs ________ ________ ________ he save some money ________ no one was willing to employ him ________ they thought that he was dishonest.
10. ________ you were too lazy to bring your own umbrella, I have a mind to let you walk home in the rain ________, this time you may share my umbrella ________ don’t let there be a next time.
11. ________ the escaped convict ________ his accomplice darted into a house to escape the police, the effort was wasted. The police ________ their dogs surrounded the house; ________, the men refused to come out.
12. The boy scouts did odd jobs ________ they may raise funds for Charity Week. The public was responsive ________ helped them a lot; ________ the scouts raised a lot of money.
13. ________ my cousin ________ his friend cannot come early ________ they are busy doing their work, ________ they promise to come as soon as they can.
14. Our feast included food and drinks. There was a large quantity of each, ________ we managed to finish them.
15. The teacher had punished them ________ ________ ________ they might learn to do their work properly. ________, they still produced the same careless work.
16. The girls practised hard, ________ they did not win the match; ________ we cheered them they ________ showed a fine spirit of sportsmanship.
17. She did her work carelessly, ________ ________ ________ she had to stay behind ________ rewrite it.
18. My mother ________ my father visited my uncle ________ aunt in Chandigarh. My parents traveled by air ________ they wanted to arrive early ________ instead they were a few hours late.
19. The prefect told that boy ________ his rowdy friends to ________ follow the rules ________ be sent to detention.
20. The girl is young ________ pretty ________ she is blind; ________ she earns a living by weaving baskets ________ sewing dresses. ________ her baskets ________ her dresses are sold in many shops.