A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate. It contains a verb and sometimes other components too. So, how do we distinguish what is a clause and how exactly is it different from a phrase?
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Clauses Exercises With Answers for Class 10 CBSE PDF
A clause is a collection of words that contains a subject and a predicate of its own. A clause has a meaning of its own and forms a part of a larger sentence.
- I despise cheats
- because she shouted at him
There are two kinds of clauses, subordinate clause and main clause. 1 A main clause can stand alone to make a sentence by itself.
- Brinda wrote a letter.
A subordinate clause also contains a subject and a predicate of its own, but it must be attached to another clause within a larger sentence.
- Amit worked while John played.
Kinds Of Clauses Worksheet Pdf
A subordinate (dependent) clause may function as a noun, an adjective or an adverb in a sentence.
Noun Clause Examples
A noun clause works like a noun in a sentence. A noun clause starts with words that, what, whatever, who, whom, whoever, whomever.
- 1. Whatever you learn will help you write the test.
- 2. What you said made me cry.
Adjective Clause Definition
An adjective clause works like an adjective in a sentence and modifies (describes) a noun or a pronoun.
The adjective clause begins with the relative pronoun that, who, whom, whose, which or whose and is also a relative clause.
Adjective Clause Example:
- He wears a shirt which looks nice.
- I met the boy who had helped me.
Relative Clauses Worksheet (Adjective Clauses)
These are related to people, things, places, possession, time and reason.
Relative Clauses Example:
- People: The person who/that entered the room is Mr. Vivek.
- Things: The notebooks which/that are lying on the floor are of Geography.
- Places: That’s the ground where the match took place.
- Possession: This is Mr. Sharma whose wallet was lost yesterday.
- Time: It was the year 1997 when my parents got married.
- Reason: The reason why she left the meeting all of a sudden is beyond my understanding.
- Defining Relative Clauses: These clauses give necessary information essential to the meaning of the sentence. We do not use commas in these clauses.
- Non–defining Relative Clauses: These clauses give extra information that is not essential to the meaning of the main sentence. We put them in commas.
- For example:
Radha, who is wearing a green shirt, is the monitor of the class.
Adverb Clause Definition
Adverb Clause An adverb clause works like an adverb and modifies a verb, adjective clause or another adverb clause in a sentence.
The subordinating conjunctions used for adverb clauses are as follows:
|Time||when, whenever, since, until, before, after, while, as, by the time, as soon as|
|Cause and effect||because, since, now that, as long as, so, so that|
|Contrast||although, even, whereas, while, though|
|Condition||if, unless, only if, whether or not, even if, provided that, in case|
Adverb Clause Examples:
- Don’t go before he comes.
- He takes medicine because he is ill.