CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Political Science Foreign – 2014

Time Allowed: 3 Hours                                                                                          Maximum Marks: 100
General Instructions:

  1. All questions are compulsory.
  2. Question Numbers 1 to 10 are of one mark each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 20 words each.
  3.  Question Numbers 11 to 20 are of two marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 40 words each.
  4. Question Numbers 21 to 30 are of four marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
  5. Question Numbers 31 to 35 are of six marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 150 words each.
  6. Question Number 35 is based on the map. Write the answer in your Answer-Book.


Question.1.What does ASEAN stand for? 1
Question.2.Mention any two features of the Constitution of Bangladesh.1
Question.3.Name an international Non-government organisation (NGO) that campaigns for the protection of Human Rights. 1
Question.4.Which is the greatest danger to a country as per the traditional notion of security? 1
Question.5.Name any two Princely States that resisted their merger with the Indian Union. 1
Question.6.In which year was the Election Commission of India set up and who was the first Chief Election Commissioner? 1
Question.7.In 1966, who contested against Indira Gandhi for the post of Prime Minister from among the Congress MPs? 1
Question.8.In January 1974, students of Gujarat started an agitation against which two major problems? 1
Question.9.Highlight the main objective of ‘Chipko Movement’. 1
Question.10.Who were the signatories of the Punjab Accord of 1985? 1
Question.11.Which two power-blocs emerged after the Second World War? Name any one country each that sided the two power-blocs. 1+1=2
Question.12.Which two factors compelled Gorbachev to initiate reforms in the USSR? 2×1=2
Question.13.What is meant by the ‘Vision-2020’ of ASEAN? 2
Question.14.“The United Nation was not created to take humanity to heaven, but to save it from hell.” Who made this statement and what post was he/she holding? 1+1=2
Question.15.Mention any two arms control treaties signed by the United States of America and the Soviet Union. 2×1=2
Question.16.State any two features of the ideology of the Swatantra Party. 2×1=2
Question.17.Highlight the two areas on which the First Five Year Plan was focussed. 2×1=2
Question.18. Mention any two Directive Principles of State Policy for the promotion of international peace and security. 2×1=2
Question.19. Which two main issues were addressed by the Dalit Panthers? 2×1=2
Question.20. State any two major political happenings of 1984 in India. 2×1=2
Question.21. When and where was the first Non-aligned Summit held? Explain any three factors which promoted this summit. 1+3=4
Question.22. Study the cartoon given below and answer the questions that follow: 1+1+2=4
(i) Why has the cycle been used to depcit China?
(ii) What do the two wheels of the cycle depict?
(iii) What message does the cartoon convey about the Chinese economy?
Question.23. Explain the hegemony of the US as a hard power.4
Question.24. Describe any four issues of conflict between-India and China. 4
Question.25. Explain the criteria proposed for the new permanent and non-permanent members of the Security Council to reform the United Nations. 4×1=4
Question.26. Describe any four steps taken by India to improve the environment. 4×1=4
Question.27. What is ‘Green Revolution’? Highlight any two of its effects: 2+2=4
Question.28. Explain any four important features of India’s Nuclear Policy. 4
Question.29. Assess any two major steps taken by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi before the General Elections of 1971 for alleviation of poverty. 2+2=4
Question.30. In the given political outline map of India, four places have been marked as (A), (B), (C) and (D). Identify them on the basis of information given below and write their correct names in yoyr answer-book with their respective serial numbers and the alphabet concerned : 4×1=4
(i) The State associated with the Golden Temple.
(ii) The State where Dalit Panthers organisation was active.
(iii) The name of this state comprises of the names of its two regions.
(iv) The State where the first democratic elections to its Assembly were held in 1974.
Question.31. “The shock therapy administered in the 1990s did not lead the people into the promised utopia of mass consumption.” Justify the statement with any three suitable arguments. 3×2=6
“The Cold War produced an arm race as well as arms control”. Justify the statement with any three suitable arguments. 3×2=6
Question.32. Explain any three environmental concerns in global politics. 3×2=6
Explain any three economic consequences of globalisation. 3×2=6
Question.33. Why was Congress considered as a social and ideological coalition in pre-independence days? Explain. 6
Explain any three consequences of partition in India. 3×2=6
Question.34. Describe any three reasons which led to imposition of emergency in 1975. 6
Describe the various aspects.of Presidential election of 1969. 6
Question.35. Study the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 6
Thus, with the elections of 1989, a long phase of coalition politics began in India. Since then, there have been nine governments at the Centre, all of which have either been coalition governments or minority governments supported by other parties, which did not join the government. In this new phase, any government could be formed only with the participation or support of many regional parties. This applied to the National Front in 1989, the United Front in 1996 and 1997, the NDA in 1997, BJP-led coalition in 1998, NDA in 1999 and the UPA in 2004.
(i) What is meant by coalition politics?
(ii) Name any two regional political parties which were a part of coalition government at one stage or the other.
(iii) Write the full form NDA.
(iv) What does a minority government mean? Explain.
Study the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 6
Movements are not only about collective assertions or only about rallies and protests. They involve a gradual process of coming together of people with similar problems, similar demand and similar expectations. But then movements are also about making people aware of their rights and the expectations that they can have from democratic institutions. Social movements in India have been involved in these educative tasks for a long time and have thus contributed to expansion of democracy rather than causing disruptions.
(i) What is the importance of popular movements in democracy?
(ii) How do the popular movements help the government?
(iii) Which organisation formed the National Council for People’s Right to Information?
(iv) What factors make the people come together in a particular movement?


Question.1. What does the circle of tile gold stars in the European Union flag stand for? 1
Question.3. State the main function of the World Bank. 1
Question.6. How many Princely States existed at the time of Independence of India? 1
Question.8. What was the slogan of Indira Gandhi during the elections of 1971? 1
Question.11. What is meant by Cold War? 2
Question.13. How does the European Union influence the U.N. Security Council? 2
Question.17. What is meant by ‘hegemony’? 2
Question.19. Mention any two demands of the Chipko Movement. 2×1=2
Question.23. Explain any two constraints on the American power. 2×2=4
Question.26. “Globalisation is a multidimensional concept.” Justify the statement. 4
Question.29. Explain any four reasons for the restoration of Congress after the elections of 1971.
Question.31. Assess any three consequences of Shock Therapy. 3×2=6
Evaluate the role of India during the Cold War on the basis of its any three policies. 3×2=6


Question.1. Which two terms of the US President, are popularly known as the ‘Clinton Years’. 1
Question.3. What is the full form of I.A.E.A? When was it established? 1
Question.6. What change was brought in the ballot paper after the first two General Elections in India? 1
Question.8. What is meant by Naxalite Movement? 1
Question.11. At the time of Cuban Klissile Crisis, Cuba was allied to which superpower and why? 1+1=2
Question.13.Explain any two points of special relations between India and Nepal. 2×1=2
Question.17. What assurance did the Maharaja of Manipur want before signing the Instrument of Accession? What pressurised the Maharaja to hold elections in June, 1948? 1+1=2
Question.26. Define ‘indigenous populations’ and highlight any two problems of such people. 2+2=4
Question.29.Explain any two reasons which led to mid-term elections in 1980. 2×2=4
Question.34. Analyse any three causes of disintegration of the USSR. 3×2=6
Assess any three consequences of Cold War. 3×2=6