CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Political Science All India – 2015

Time Allowed: 3 Hours                                                                                          Maximum Marks: 100
General Instructions:

  1. All questions are compulsory.
  2. Question Numbers 1 to 10 are of one mark each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 20 words each.
  3.  Question Numbers 11 to 20 are of two marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 40 words each.
  4. Question Numbers 21 to 30 are of four marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
  5. Question Numbers 31 to 35 are of six marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 150 words each.
  6. Question Number 35 is based on the map. Write the answer in your Answer-Book.


Question.1. How did the US respond to the 9/11 attacks? 1
Question.2. Highlight any one major distinction between the Soviet economy and the Capitalist economy. 1
Question.3. How far do you agree that* 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 the proclamation of emergency weakened the federal distribution of power in India? 1
Question.4. Justify that regionalism is not as ctengerous as communalism. 1
Question.5. Why do some people feel that Article 370 should be revoked? 1
Question.6. Mention any two benefits of globalisation. 2×1=2
Question.7. Suggest any two measures to have good relations with Pakistan. 2×1=2
Question.8. Which characteristics made the Congress an ideological coalition during the freejdom movement of India? 2
Question.9. Identify the most important outcome of the Rio Summit. 2
Question.10. How was the US benefited by the Soviet Disintegration? 2
Question.11. Describe any four demands made by the Bharatiya Kisan Union after 1980. 4×1=4
Question.12. State any two differences between the First Five Year Plan and the Second Five Year Plan. 4
Question.13. Explain the circumstances that force the Tibetans to leave China. Highlight India’s role in helping the Tibetan refugees. 2×2=4
Question.14. Distinguish between the internal and external notion of traditional security. 2×2=4
Question.15. In what way do the coalition governments prove to be more democratic than the one-party governments? 2×2=4
Question.16. ‘Democracy is becoming the first choice of the people of South Asia.’ Justify the statement. 4
Question.17. Read the given passage carefully and answer the following questions.
Above all, the linguistic states underlined the acceptance of the principle of diversity. When we say that India adopted democracy, it does not simply mean that India embraced a democratic constitution, nor does it merely mean that India adopted the format of elections. The choice was larger than that. It was a choice in favour of recognising and accepting the existence of differences which could at times be oppositional. Democracy, in order words, was associated with plurality of ideas and ways of life.
(i) What is meant by ‘linguistic states’?
(ii) Why were linguistic states formed in India? Explain any two reasons.
(iii) How is democracy in India associated with plurality of ideas and ways of life? 1+2+2=5
Question.18. Read the given passage carefully and answer the following questions:
The Naxalite Movement has used force to snatch land from the rich landowners and given it to the poor and the landless. Its supporters advocated the use of violent means to achieve their political goals. In spite of the use of preventive detention and other strong measures adopted b^ the West Bengal government…, the Naxalite Movement did not come to an end. In later years, it spread to many other parts of the country.
(i) Why did the Naxalites prefer to use violence?
(ii) Assess the positive role of the Naxalite Movement is spite of using violence.
(iii) Suggest any two measures to contain this movement. l+2+2=5
Question.19. Read the given passage carefully and answer the following questions:
Non-alignment as a strategy evolved in the Cold War context. … with the disintegration of USSR and the end of Cold War in 1991, non-alignment, both, as an international movement and as the core of India’s foreign policy, lost some of its earlier relevance and effectiveness. ‘
(i) Why did India adopt non-alignment?
(ii) Explain any two reasons for the loss of its relevance by the Non-Aligned Movement.
(iii) How far do you agree that the Non-Aligned Movement has become^an international movement? l+2+2=5
Question.20. Study the cartoon given below carefully and answer the following questions:
(i) Which country does the given cartoon refer to?
(ii) Identify the two symbols in this cartoon which have given you that clue about the related country.
(iii) Where does the cartoon place the related country in the international power politics?
Question.21. In the given political map of India, four places are marked as A, B, C and D. Identify them which the help of information given below and write their correct names in the answer book along with their serial numbers and the latter concerned. 5×1=5
(i) The state which was carved out of Madhya Pradesh
(ii) The state which opposed its merger with India after independence
(iii) The first state of free India having a communist government
(iv) The state adjoining Pakistan territory up to 1971
(v) The state which became agriculturally prosperous due to green revolution
Question.22. Describe any three steps taken by the Indian Government to check the environmental degradation. 3×2=6
Describe any three effects of globalisation on the culture of a country. 3×2=6
Question.23. What three major developments took place in Indian politics during the last decade of the 20 century? Describe. 6
Briefly describe the story of Sikkim from the time of India’s independence to its merger with India. 6
Question.24. Explain any three causes of the split in the Congress Party in 1969. 3×2=6
Explain the circumstances that led to the mid-term elections in 1980. 6
Question.25. Suppose there had been no Cold War, how would that situation have affected India’s foreign policy? 6
If the Soviet Union had not disintegrated and the world had remained bipolar, how would that situation have affected the world politics? 6
Question.26. Give any three suitable arguments to support India’s candidature for the permanent
membership of the UN Security Council. 3×2=6
How are the threats faced by the people in the Third World different from those faced by the people living in the First World? Support your answer with examples. 6
Question.27. Analyse the political impact of hegemony of the US on the world. 3×2=6
Analyse any three factors responsible for the European Union to be a highly influential regional organisation. 6


Question.1. Highlight any one consequence of ‘Shock Therapy’. 1
Question.2. Explain hegemony as a soft power. 1
Question.11. Evaluate the causes for the strained relations between India and China. 4
Question.12. Describe the strategy adopted by the Government of India to promote the Green Revolution. 4
Question.13. State any two main demands of the Narmada Bachao Aandolan. 2×2=4
Question.14. Explain the importance of cooperation in the field of ‘Traditional Security’. 4
Question.22. Describe any three environmental Cbncernsthat have become issues of global politics. 3×2=6
Describe any three effects of globalisation on the economy of a country. 3×2=6
Question.23. Describe any three obstacles that delayed the merger of Jammu and Kashmir with India. 3×2=6
Describe any three points of consensus that emerged among most political parties in India in spite of severe competition and conflicts. 3×2=6


Question.1. What is the full form of ‘SEATO’? 1
Question.2. Highlight any one main feature of the U.S. economy. 1
Question.11. Explain the role played by India in maintaining Afro-Asian unity. 4
Question.12. Describe any four consequences of the Green Revolution. 4×1=4
Question.13. Describe any two issues which made the Anti-Arrack Movement as a women’s movement. 2×2=4
Question.14. Explain the concept of ‘Human Security’. 4
Question.22. Who are indigenous people? Describe any four problems of the indigenous people. 2+4=6
Describe any three factors which are responsible for globalisation. 3×2=6
Question.23.Describe the role of E.V. Ramasami ‘Periyar’ in the Dravid Movement and the formation of Dravida Kazhagam (DK). Why did the DK get split and enter into politics and DMK? 3×2=6
Describe the process of Goa’s Liberation and becoming a State of the Indian Union. 3×2=6