CBSE Previous Year Solved  Papers  Class 12 English Outside Delhi 2016

Time allowed : 3 hours                                                                                           Maximum Marks: 100
General Instructions :

  1. This paper is divided into three sections : A, B and C. All the sections are compulsory.
  2. Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them faithfully.
  3. Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.



Question. 1. Read the passage given below:

  1. Maharana Pratap ruled over Mewar only for 23 years. However, he accomplished so much grandeur during his reign that his glory surpassed the boundaries of countries and time turning him into an immortal personality. He along with his kingdom became a synonym for valour, sacrifice and patriotism. Mewar had been a leading Rajput kingdom even before Maharana Pratap occupied the throne. Kings of Mewar, with the cooperation of their nobles and subjects, had established such traditions in the kingdom, as augmented their magnificence despite the hurdles of having a smaller area under their command and less population. There did come a few thorny occasions when.the flag of the kingdom seemed sliding down. Their flag once again heaved high in the sky thanks to the gallantry and brilliance of the people of Mewar.
  2. The destiny of Mewar was good in the sense that barring a few kings, most of the rulers were competent and patriotic. This glorious tradition of the kingdom almost continued for 1500 years since its establishment, right from the reign of Bappa Rawal. In fact only 60 years before Maharana Pratap, Rana Sanga drove the kingdom to the pinnacle of fame/ His reputation went beyond Rajasthan and reached Delhi. Two generations before him, Rana Kumbha had given a new stature to the kingdom through victories and developmental work. During his reign, literature and art also progressed extraordinarily. Rana himself was inclined towards writing and his works are read with reverence even today. The ambience of his kingdom was conducive to the creation of high quality work of art and literature. These accomplishments were the outcome of a longstanding tradition sustained by several generations.
  3. The life of the people of Mewar must have been peaceful and prosperous during the long span of time; otherwise such extraordinary accomplishment in these fields would not have been possible. This is reflected in their art and literature as well as their loving nature. They compensate for lack of admirable physique by their firm but pleasant nature. The ambience of Mewar remains lovely thanks to the cheerful and liberal character of its people.
  4. One may observe astonishing pieces of workmanship not only in the forts and palaces of Mewar but also in public utility buildings. Ruins of many structures which are still standing tall in their grandeur are testimony to the fact that Mewar was not only the land of the brave but also a seat of art and culture. Amidst aggression and bloodshed, literature and art flourished and creative pursuits of literature and artists did not suffer. Imagine, how glorious the period must have been when the Vijaya Stambha which is the sample of our great ancient architecture even today, was constructed. In the same fort, Kirti Stambha is standing high, reflecting how liberal the then administration was which allowed people from other communities and kingdoms to’ come and carry out construction work. It is useless to indulge in the debate whether the Vijay Stambha was constructed first or the Kirti Stambha. The fact is that both the capitals are standing side by side and reveal the proximity between the king and the subjects of Mewar.
  5. The cycle of time does not remain the same. Where as the reign of Rana Sanga was crucial in raising the kingdom to the acme of glory, it also proved to be his nemesis. History took a turn. The fortune of Mewar the land of the brave, started waning. Rana tried to save the day with his acumen which was running against the stream and the glorious traditions for sometime.

On the basis of your understanding of the above passage answer each of the questions given below with the help of the options that follow:
(a) Maharana Pratap became immortal because:
(i) he ruled Mewar for 25 years
(ii) he added a lot of grandeur to Mewar
(iii) of his valour, sacrifice and patriotism
(iv) both (ii) and (iii)
(b) Difficulties in the way of Mewar were :
(i) lack of cooperation the nobility
(ii) ancient traditions of the kingdom
(iii) its small area and small population
(iv) the poverty of the subjects ‘
(c) During.thomy occasions:
(i) the flag of Mewar seemed to be lowered
(ii) the flag of Mewar was hoisted high
(iii) the people of Mewar showed gallantry
(iv) most of the rulers heaved a sigh of relief
(d) Mewar was lucky because : *
(i) all of its rulers were competent
(ii) most of its people were competent
(iii) most of its rulers were competent
(iv) only a few of its people were incompetent
Answer the following questions briefly:
(e) Who is the earliest King of’Mewar mentioned in the passage ?
(f) What was Rana Kumbha’s contribution to the glory of Mewar ?
(g) What does the writer find worth admiration in the people of Mewar ?
(h) How could art and literature flourish in Mewar ?
(i) How did the rulers show that they cared for their subjects ?
(j) What does the erection of Vijaya Stambha and Kirti Stambha in the same fort signify ?
(k) Find words from the passage which mean the same as each of the following :
(i) surprising (para 4)
(ii) evidence (para 4)
Answer. (a) (ii) be added a lot of grandeur to Mewar
(b) (iii) its small area and small population
(c) (i) the flag of Mewar seemed to be lowered
(d) (iii) most of its rulers were competent
(e) Bappa Rawal was the earliest king of Mewah
(f) Rana Kumbha had given a new stature to the kingdom through victories and development work. During his reign, literature and art also progressed extraordinarily. Rana himself was inclined towards writing and his works are read with reverence today.
(g) The people of Mewar are loving, cheerful, liberal, peaceful, prosperous and have pleasant nature. According to the writet, these are the qualities that make them worth admiration.
(h) During Rana Kumbha’s reign, literature and art progressed extraordinarily. The peaceful and prosperous atmosphere of his kingdom was suitable for the creation of high quality work of literatrure and art. The king himself countributed to literature. Even amidst wars and bloodshed literature and art flourished. .
(i) By building Vijaya Stambha and Kirti Stambha side by side, rulers revealed the proximity between the king and subjects of Mewar.
(j) Vijaya Stambha is the sample of our great ancient
architecture even today. Kirti Stambha reflects how liberal the then administration was which allowed people from other communities and kingdoms to come and carry out construction work.
(k) (i) astonishing (ii) testimony

Question.2. Read the passage given below:

  1. To ensure its perpetuity, the ground is well held by the panther both in space and in time. It enjoys a much wider distribution over the globe than its bigger cousins, and procreates sufficiently profusely to ensure its continuity for all time to come.
  2.  There seems to be no particular breeding season of the panther, although its sawing and caterwauling is more frequently heard during winter and summer. The gestation period is about ninety to hundred days (Whipsnade, ninety-two days). The litter normally consists of four cubs, rarely five. Of these, generally two survive and not more than one reaches maturity. I have never come across more than two cubs at the heels of the mother. Likewise, graziers in the forest have generally found only two cubs hidden away among rocks, hollows of trees, and other impossible places.
  3. Panther cubs are generally in evidence in March. They are born blind. This is a provision of Nature against their drifting away from the place of safety in which they are lodged by their mother, and exposing themselves to the danger of their being devoured by hyenas, jackals, and other predators. They generally open their eyes in about three to four weeks.
  4. The mother alone rears its cubs in seclusion. It keeps them out of the reach of the impulsive and impatient male. As a matter of fact the mother separates from the male soon after mating and forgets all about their tumultuous union. The story that the male often looks in to find out how the mother is progressing with her cubs has ho foundation except in what we wish it should do at least.
  5. The mother carries its cubs about by holding them by the scruff of their neck in its mouth. It trains them to stalk, and teaches them how to deliver the bite of death to the prey. The cubs learn to treat all and sundry with suspicion at their mother’s heels. Instinctively the cubs seek seclusion, keep to cover and protect their flanks by walking along the edge of the forest.
  6. I have never had an opportunity to watch mother panther train its cubs. But in Pilibhit forests, I once saw a tigress giving some lessons to its little ones. I was sitting over its kill at Mala. As the sun set, the tigress materialised in the twilight behind my machan. For about an hour, it scanned and surveyed the entire area looking and listening with the gravest concern. It even went to the road where my elephant was awaiting my signal. The mahout spotted it from a distance and drove the elephant away.
  7. When darkness descended upon the scene and all was well and safe the tigress called its cubs by emitting a low haa-oon. The cubs, two in number and bigger than a fu.ll- grown cat, soon responded. They came trotting up to their mother and hurried straight to the kill in indecent haste. The mother spitted at them so furiously that they doubled back its heels immediately. Thereafter, the mother and its cubs sat under cover about 50 feet (15 m) away from the kill to watch, wait, look, and listen. After about half an hour’s patient and fidgetless vigil the mother seemed to say ‘paid for’. At this signal, the cobs cautiously advanced, covering their flanks, towards the kill. No longer did they make a beeline for it, as they had done before.
  8. The mother sat watching its cubs eat, and mounted guard on them. She did not partake of the meal.

On the basis of your understanding of the passage complete the statements given below with the help of options that follow:
(a) To protect its cubs the mother panther hides them :
(i) among rocks (ii) in the branches of the trees
(iii) behind the tree trunks (iv) at its heels
(b) The male panther :
(i) is protective of its cubs (ii) trains its cubs
(iii) watches the progress of the mother
(iv) is impulsive and impatient
Answer the following questions briefly:
(c) How many cubs does the mother panther rarely deliver ?
(d) What may happen if the panther cubs are not born blind ?
(e) Why did the mahaut drive his elephant away ?
(f) Why did the tigress spit at its cubs ?
(g) From the narrators observation what do we learn about the nature of the tigress ?
(h) Why does the panther not face the risk of extinction ?
(i) Find words from the passage which mean the same as each of the following : 
(i) moving aimlessly (para 3)
(ii) came down/fell (para 7)
(a) (i) among rocks
(b) (iv) is impulsive and impatient
(c) The mother panther delivers litter of four cubs, rarely five.
(d) If the panther cubs are not blind they drift away from the place of safety in which they are lodged by their mother.
(e) The mahaut drove away his elephant to protect it from the tigress.
(f) The mother tigress spitted at it cubs to call them back to its heels and watch the prey carefully, instead of running towards it in haste.
(g) The tigress is very protective about her cubs. She rears them alone without the help of the male. She trains them to hunt and guards them, while they eat.
(h) The panther does not face the risk of extinction because it procreates sufficiendy and profusely to ensure its continuity for all time to come.
(i) Moving aimlessly-drifting
(ii) came down/fell-descend

Question.3. Read the passage given below :
People tend to amass possessions, sometimes without being aware of doing so. They can have a delightful surprise when they find something useful which they did not know they owned. Those who never have to change house become indiscriminate collectors of what can only be described as clutter. They leave unwanted objects in drawers, cupboards and attics for years in the belief that they may one day need them. Old people also accumulate belongings for two other reasons, lack of physical and mental energy, and sentiment. Things owned for a long time are-full of associations with the past, perhaps with the relatives who are dead, and so they gradually acquire a sentimental value.
Some things are collected deliberately in an attempt to avoid wastage. Among these are string and brown paper, kept by thrifty people when a parcel has been opened. Collecting small items can be a mania. A lady cuts out from newspapers sketches of model clothes that she would like to buy if she had money. As she is not rich, the chances are that she will never be able to afford such purchases. It is a harmless habit, but it litters up her desk.
Collecting as a serious hobby is quite different and has many advantages. It provides relaxation for leisure hours, as just looking at one’s treasure is always a joy. One doesn’t have to go out for amusement as the collection is housed at home. Whatever it consists of- stamps, records, first editions of books, china-there is always something to do in connection with it, from finding the right place for the latest addition to verifying facts in reference books. This hobby educates one not only in the chosen subject, but also in general matters which have some bearing on it.
There are other benefits also. One gets to meet like-minded collectors to get advice, compare notes, exchange articles, to show off one’s latest find etc. So one’s circle of friends grows. Soon the hobby leads to travelling, perhaps a meeting in another town, possibly a trip abroad in search of a rare specimen, for collectors are not confined to one country. Over the years one may well become an authority on one’s hobby and will probably be asked to give informal talks to little gatherings and then, if successful, to larger audiences.
(a) On the basis of your understanding of the above passage make notes on it, using headings and subheadings. Use recognisable abbreviations (wherever necessary – minimum four) and a format you consider suitable. Also supply an appropriate title to it.
(b) Write a summary of the passage in about 80 words.
Answer. (a) Title: Collection-Advantage or dis-advantage 1. Notes .
(i) Consequences
(a) PpL can hv delightful surprises
(b) Become indiscriminate collectors
(c) Senti values
(ii) Reaons
(a) To avoid wastage (b) Mania
(c) Lack of physical and mental energy in the case of old people.
(iii) Advantages
(a) Relaxation
(b) doesn’t hv to go out for amusement
(c) educates
(iv) Other benefits
(a) One may meet like-minded collectors
(b) frid circle grows
(c) hobby leads to travelling
Abbreviations Used
Hv have
Ppl people
Senti sentimental
Frnd friend
(b) Summary
People sometimes collect things due to various reasons which may be related to their need, lack of energy or sentimental value. Sometimes collection may be done to avoid wastage which later becomes mania. But it has many advantages too. It relaxes, amuses and educates. It has additional benefits where one may meet like-minded collectors to get advice, compare notes, exchange articles, to show off one’s latest find. As a result their friend circle grows bigger. In fact, hobby further leads to travelling.


Question.4.You are Karan Kumar/Karuna Bajaj, a leading lawyer practising in Surat. You want to buy an independent house at City Light Road to be used as office-cum-residence. Draft an advertisement in about 50 words for the classified columns of a local newspaper. You can be contacted at 45645678
On 30th November your school is going to hold its annual sports day. You want Mr. Dhanraj Pillai, a noted hockey player to give away the prizes to the budding sportspersons of the school. Write a formal invitation in about 50 words requesting him to grace the occasion. You are Karuna/ Karan, Sports Secretary, Sunrise Global School, Agra.

Question.5. Along with air and water pollution, our cities are also under an attack of noise pollution. Marriage processions, DJs during wedding receptions, loud music from neighbourhood flats etc. are all sources of noise which is not good for the old, the ailing and students. Write a letter in 120-150 words to the editor of a local newspaper describing the problem and making a request to the concerned authorities to solve it. You are Karan/Karuna, M 114, Mall Road, Delhi. 
In all big cities road rage has become a serious problem. A minor scratch, a little push, or a small brushing past can lead to a scuffle sometimes resulting even in murder. Write a letter in 120-150 words to the Police Commissioner giving your views on the problem and its solutions. You are Karuna/Karan, M 114, Mall Road, Delhi.
Ashok Vihar
M-114, Mall Road
20th March, 20XX
The Editor
The Times Of India
New Delhi
Subject : Time to become aware- of the hazards of noise pollution
Dear Sir,
Through the esteemed columns of your prestigious newspaper, I, Karuna, a resident of New Delhi want to bring forth the issue of increasing noise pollution to the notice of the general public and concerned authorities. In the metro cities and big cities, there has been tremendous increase in the levels of noise pollution. It’s not only the shrieking horns and roars of vehicles but also marriage processions, loud playing DJ s, aircrafts and machines in industrial areas which cause lot of noise pollution. The consequences are extremely hazardous. They lead to increasing cases of deafness, insomnia, palpitation of heart, mental fatigue, etc. among the sufferers are the small babies and old people who can’t sleep properly, patients can’t rest and students can’t study. Then there are ‘Jagrans’ that force the public to keep awake the whole night. The problem further adds to the fact that noise control laws are neither followed properly nor implemented completely. The culprits bribe the police and other officials and get away safely.
So I think that law alone is not sufficient until and unless we citizens take an oath to make the city noise free and educate the people about its ill effects. Above all, everybody has a right to enjoy a noiseless rest and peace. Hope your newspaper will take initiative in this regard and relieve us from the menace of noise pollution.
Yours Truly
M-l 14, Mall Road Delhi
Date : 20th March, 20XX The Commissioner Delhi Police
Subject: Increasing cases of Road Rage ‘
Dear Sir,
I am writing this letter to bring to your kind notice the problem of increasing cases of road rage. Day by day it is becorhing a serious problem which should be sought over as quickly as possible. We often come across many incidents like minor scratch, a little push or a small brushing past leading to scuffles which sometimes result even in murder. Everyday there are many fatal accidents, the number of hit and run cases are also rising. In Delhi alone, 532 persons died in road accidents in the year 2014. It is observed that people are losing patience and tolerance power due to their modern lifestyle. They begin to fight over minor issues. The feeling of ignorance, irresponsibility, lawlessness and indifference is prevailing. Everybody is taking undue advantage of the freedom provided to them by the democracy.
Now it’s high time to realize the need of the hour. I hope the concerned authorities would realize the gravity of the situation and keep a check on these people and their activities either by imposing penalties or fines.
Yours Truly
Karuna .

Question.6. ‘Brain drain is not a bane for a developing country like India’. Write a debate in 150-200 words either for or against the motion.
Write a speech in 150-200 words on the topic, ‘Discipline shapes the future of a student. It is to be delivered in the morning assembly. You are Karuna/Karan.
Answer . ‘Brain Drain is not a bane for a developing country like India
Good morning, respected judges and the esteemed audience, I would like to speak For the Motion-’Brain Drain is not a bane for a developing country like India.
Brain Drain is a major problem of India that has been harmful for the country. Brain drain means the intelligent minds that do not get desirable jobs or recognition in their own country, fly away to other countries for better prospective where they are provided with favorable working conditions. They prove their intelligence there and are recognized throughout the world. They also become the pride of the country. Every year a large number of people go abroad either for acquiring higher studies or getting good jobs. It is because, their worth and intelligence is not counted in the country. Sometimes the most brilliant people also leave their India and prefer to stay in a well-developed country like America, London, Canada etc. This is most common in India as compared to other countries as the companies over here fail to provide necessary working conditions and best salaries to their own countrymen.
But the question arises “what if they show their worth in their own country?” How can they be stopped or fascinated to return to India ?
It is a matter of serious concern for the government of India because it is a complete loss for India. The professional training that the students receive in India and for which the government spends lakhs on them goes waste plus it is a gain for receiving countries. They can be attracted to India if the condition here are diverted to their attraction, if the merit and talent is given due consideration. Therefore, sincere efforts are required to bring them back by offering jobs according to their talent so as to make the country more efficient in all fields.
‘Discipline shapes the future of a student
Good Morning, honorable Principal, respected Teachers and dear friends. I am Karuna, student of class XII of your school; it is a great opportunity for me to share my views in today assembly on the topic ‘Discipline shapes the future of a student. The students of today are the citizens of tomorrow. They are the backbone of the society. They are going to be the future leaders, administrators and nation shapers. Student life is the time when their character is formed and takes shape. But now a days schools and colleges have become the place of complete indiscipline. Whether it is the morning assembly, annual function, sports meet or examinations, one can see complete indiscipline; Man is a social being and he lives and dies in a society. So he has to follow the rules of die society for which he has to discipline himself and this begins from the school only.
Aristotle said,” Discipline is obedience to rules formed by the society for the good of all”. Without discipline one cannot acquire knowledge and as the schools and colleges are abode of learning, it is required much over there. Students cannot gain much without discipline and the result can never be good. Thus, it is clear that the need of discipline is very much required in the student life. Indiscipline leads to failure and discipline paves the road of success.

Question. 7. Education has always been a noble profession. Our ancestors received their learning at gurukuls and ashrams. Even in the near past pathshalas (schools) were associated with places of worship. Today, education is fast becoming commercialised. Parents have to shell out a lot of money on coaching classes, tuition fees etc. Write an article in 150-200 words on ‘The State of Education, Today*. You are Karan/Karuna. 
According to 2011 census, literacy rate of hundred percent or around has been achieved by only a couple of states in India. Illiteracy is found mostly among the old and the deprived sections of society. What can the youth do to spread literacy in society ? Write an article in 150-200 words on ‘Role of students in eradicating illiteracy’. You are Karuna/Karan.
Answer . The State of Education Today
By Karuna
Our ancestors have received their learning at gurukuls and ashrams. Pathshalas were regarded as the place of worship. But the scenario has completely changed now. Today education has been totally commercialized. .Whether its school or college, students have to rush to coaching classes and parents shell out a lot of money on them. They don’t rely on classroom teaching. On the other hand parents expectations from their children have increased. They want them to secure highest marks so as to get the highest paid jobs. They want them to become doctors, administrative officers, engineers etc. For this, they send their children to the most reputed schools; still they are not satisfied with their performance. So they want their child to get some extra knowledge to excel others in the line. Thus craze for coaching classes have been increased.
Another reason for joining the coaching classes is the inferiority complex which children face when they do not go for extra coaching. Although these so called coaching classes are just like the school classes because there also group teaching is done, still parents as well as children think them to be far superior to the classroom teaching. They should realize that these so called coaching classes are no better than money making business. The students must pay attention in class and must concentrate more on self-study.
Role of students in eradicating illiteracy.
By Karuna
Youth plays a very important role in building the nation. With the increase in the population, the responsibilities of students have also increased. They are the pivot on which the development of any nation depends. We know that India is a land of villages and most of its population is illiterate. In most of the villages there are no schools or teaching facilities. Thus, villagers don’t get any opportunity to learn. Poverty and ignorance have deprived them from becoming literate. Therefore, it becomes the duty of the youth to render their services to them by teaching-them.They can give their valuable advice and guidance to educate them. We know that education helps in economic, social, spiritual and mental development. It broadens ones outlook towards society. Being illiterate or uneducated is like a curse. Students can help these people by organizing evening classes and by following the rule of ‘each one, teach one’. Out of their twenty four hours, the students can spare at least one hour for the unpriviledged people. They can create awareness among the illiterates regarding the hazards of overpopulation and recommend the need of keeping small family. Many NGOs and governmental agencies are there to assist these youths in this regard. They can be encouraged to do so by giving them additional marks or extra grades.
Youth, therefore can play a major role in making the country progressive and prosperous by bringing complete change in the attitude and thinking of the illiterate. So Jet’s join hands to eradicate illiteracy from our country.

(Literature : Text Books and Long Reading Text)

Question.8. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
Now we will count to twelve and we will all keep still.
For once on the face of the Earth let’s not speak in any language, let’s stop for one second, and not move our arms so much.
(a) What is the significance of the number ‘twelve’ ?
(b) Which two activities does the poet want us to stop ?
(c) What does the poet mean by let’s not speak in any language’ ?
(d) Describe the pun on the word, ‘arms’.
……I saw my mother,
beside me,
doze, open mouthed, her face ashen like that
of a corpse and realised with pain ………..
(a) Who is T?
(b) What did ‘I’ realise with pain ?
(c) Why was the realisation painful ?
(d) Identify and name the figure of speech used in these lines.
Now we will……………… much.
(a) The significance of the number twelve is that for counting up to twelve, one will sit and meditate to introspect, ponder and predetermine his future. Thus, he/she be able find his/ her inner self.
(b) The two activities which the poet wants us to stop are speaking and moving our arms.
(c) By ‘let’s not speak …….language’ poet means that we should keep quiet for some time so that we can do self-analysis. It is necessary for creating a feeling of mutual understanding among ourselves.
(d) The pun on the word ‘arms’ is that if we won’t move our arms then we will never lift ‘arms’ i.e. weapons. Symbolically by this he means no war or no violence.
(a) T is the poet Kamala Das.
(b) The poet realized with pain that her mother had grown old and that her end was near. This expression was borne out of the fear of her separation.
(c) The realization was painful as she knew that her mother might not live long and she might lose her some day. It brought the fear of separation.
(d) The figure of speech that has been used here is simile in
the lines ‘her face ashen like that……….’.

Question.9. Answer anyfour of the following questions in 30-40 words each:
(a) What does the reference to chappals in ‘Lost Spring’ tell us about the economic condition of the rag pickers ?
(b) What do we learn about the crofter’s nature from the story, ‘The Rattrap’ ?
(c) How is ‘Shakespeare wicked and the map a bad example’ for the children of the school in a slum ?
(d) What picture of male chauvinism (tyranny) do we find in the poem, ‘Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers’ ?
(e) How did the Governor, Oxford Prison describe Evans to the Secretary Examination Board ?
(f) At the dining table why did Zitkala-Sa begin to cry when others started eating ?
Answer . (a) The reference to chappals in ‘Lost Spring’ tells about the miserable life of the rag pickers setded in Seemapuri. Most of the impoverished children busy in rag picking were not wearing footwear. The boys were barefoot as it was a tradition to remain barefoot. It had become their habit not to wear chappals. But according to the writer it was their excuse • to conceal their poverty. .
(b) The crofter was a lonely old man who had no wife or a child. He wanted someone to talk to therefore, allowed the peddler to spend night at his house. He not only gave
‘ him shelter but also gave him food to eat and tobacco to smoke. He started a conversation with him’ and told him everything about himself and his earnings.
(c) The portrait of Shakespeare and the world map in the classroom of the slum children is far from the actual condition of the classroom. Shakespeare is the synonym
of knowledge and excellence but the children of the slum school have no .meaning for that. The map exhibits the world with all its bounties, whereas, for these children there is no world beyond poverty and hunger.Thus Shakespeare is wicked and the map a bad example.
(d) In the poem ‘Aunt Jennifer’s tigers’ we find the picture of a woman oppressed by the male chauvinism. She needs freedom from her burden some husband whose ring on her finger is like a handcuff which has snatched all her freedom and happiness.’ She has lot of constraints in her life because of her dominating husband and from whom she wants to get free.
(e) The Governor of the Oxford prison made a call to the Secretary of Examination Board telling him that a prisoner named Evans wanted to take the 0-level examination in German. The Governor then requested the Secretary whether the arrangements could be made in the prison itself.
(f) At the dining table, Zitkala-Sa heard a man’s voice and as she looked around to see him, she caught the eyes of a pale faced woman upon her. She wondered why she was so keenly watched by the strange woman. So as the third bell rang and everybody started eating, Zitkala began to cry as she could do nothing at that time.

Question.10. Answer the following question in 120-150 words :
Every teenager has a hero/heroine to admire. So many times they become role models for them. What is wrong if Sophie fantasizes about Danny Casey and is ambitious in life ?
Our native language is part of our culture and we are proud of it. How does the presence of village elders in the classroom and M. Hamel’s last lesson show their love for French ?
Answers . It is a natural thing for teenagers to fantasize and dream. They don’t have much liabilities and burden at this stage of life so they are free to dream which is sometimes impractical and non-realistic. It is a part of their life bat sometimes these dreams have disadvantages also.
In the story ‘Going Places’, the author has described the feelings and dreams of such a girl, Sophie, who was a school going teenager. She was a day dreamer and fantasizes her future life with Danny Casey, a football player from Ireland. She dreamt of having met him twice in the arcade. For her, he was the hero to be worshipped.Then she thought of owning a boutique. She was blind to the bitter truth of life. She dreamt of an imaginary life, full of beautiful things. She also.dreamt of becoming an actress as there was a lot of money and fame in that profession. She wanted to be a fashion designer too. It can be said that she wanted to lead a lavish and grand life which was not possible. Her dreams were unrealistic in the sense that ultimately she would have to work in a biscuit factory. Thus we can say that she wanted to achieve the things which were quite impossible.
That Sunday morning everything was quite normal. Franz’s classmates and teacher were already in the class but there was no sound of opening and closing of desks. Either unison repetition of lessons or rapping of teacher’s great ruler was absent. It was all due to the order from Berlin that from then onwards only German would be taught in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine instead of French. Then only the people realized how precious their language was to them. That day all the villagers occupied the back benches in the classroom to attend the last French lesson and to mark the respect for their French teacher, Mr. M. Hamel, who devoted his selfless service to the society. They felt very sad. They also regretted for not learning French properly. Franz was shocked to hear this news and Hamel’s words / were like thunderclaps to him. He was so sorry to have not learnt French before and for having wasted his time. His books suddenly became his friends. Even Mr. Hamel talked a lot about French language. According to him it was the most beautiful language in the world. It was the most logical one too. He asked his students never to forget this language.

Question. 11. Answer the following question in 120-150 words :
Both Derry and Lamb are victims of physical impairment, but much more painful for them is the feeling of loneliness. Comment.
How did Jack end the Roger Skunk story ? How and why did Jo want to change it? .
Answers . A disabled or a handicapped person is considered to be an out caste. People sympathize with them but do not accompany them. They are excluded from the society. The feeling of loneliness and alienation is much more troublesome than the pain which disable people experience due to their physical impairment. This is very well revealed in the story, ‘On the face of it’, where the character, Derry has a burnt face and people often sympathized with him but it was not a heart felt one. This resulted in his pessimistic approach towards life. Derry had no association with the outer world till he met Mr. Lamb. Mr. Lamb’s attitude and outlook towards people and life appreciated him. He learnt to live a respectful life. Mr. Lamb inspired him to face the world in spite of his disability. Mr. ’ Lamb successfully infused in him courage and self-determination. He advised him to ignore the comments made by people on his physical impairment and enjoy the beauty of life and nature. Although the loneliness of Derry dominates the play, there are evident traces of Mr. Lamb’s loneliness also. The old man had no one to be with. He spent his day in the sun, reading books. By the end of the first scene, it becomes clearer that he is lonely when he mutters that no one comes back to him after meeting him the first time.
Jack used to tell his little daughter, Jo, bedtime stories. As soon as she grew older, she began to ask questions to her father. Once her father told her a story of a little animal called Roger Skunk who smelled awfully bad. He, therefore, met with a wizard who solved his problem with magic wand and made him smell like roses. But Skunk’s mother did not like it and took him back to the wizard to make him smell awfully bad once again.
This ending was not acceptable to Jo as she wanted the story to have another end in which the wizard should hit the mommy by his and magic wand leave Roger srunk emitting the pleasant smell of roses. Jo thought that Roger was the hero of the story so he must not look ugly or stinky. Jo’s perspective on life was different from her father’s. She wanted to change the end of the story to assert her views on her father. She had her own ideals and views which she wanted to be pursued.

Question.12. Attempt the following question in 120-150 words :
How did Mrs. Hall show her excitement when Griffin came to stay at Coach and Horses ?
How do William Dane’s deceit and Sarah’s desertion affect Silas ?
Answer . Mrs. Hall was the owner of the inn ‘Coach and Horses’. She was very simple, friendly in nature and socialite woman. She felt very delighted and excited when Griffin came to stay at the inn as she was not expecting any guest in such a rough and harsh weather. She lit the fire herself to make her guest feel warm and cozy and went immediately to prepare meals for him with her own hands. A guest to stop at the inn, in the wintertime was an unheard piece of luck. Her maid Millie was sluggish so she carried the plates, cloth and glasses to the parlour on her own. She tried to begin conversation with him but as he was in no mood to talk, she immediately curtailed the conversation. She cooked eggs and ham, laid the table and did everything by herself. She also offered to take off his coat and hat for drying in the kitchen. For sympathy she asked her guest whether he had met with an accident or underwent an operation. Although her guest, Mr. Griffin showed no interest in her, she carried on her conversation and tolerated him as he gave her few gold coins for his stay at the inn without any bargain.
Silas Marner was a weaver who lived near Raveloe. His pale face tUid protruding eyes frightened the children as well as their parents. He had come to Raveloe fifteen years earlier from a city to the North. He was a faithful member of a religious community, Lantern Yard. He had a friend, William Dane. Because of their close friendship they were called as David and Jonathan. Silas was engaged to a young serving woman, Sarah but his engagement did not affect their friendship. One night Silas stayed up to watch over the deacpn of Lantern Yard, he was sick and waited for William to relieve him from his shift. But William, later that morning accused Silas wrongly for stealing money. Silas was shaken after the accusation and found himself alone in Raveloe. Even Sarah sent a message next day telling that she had ended her engagement with him. A month later, she married William Dane and Silas departed from Lantern Yard. He lost his faith and fell into a numbing routine of daily work. He used to weave more quickly than necessary and started living an isolated life without any family and friends. He engaged himself in his loom and started making more money by working sixteen hours a day. He felt a sense of fulfilment of joy in earning the gold coins.

Question. 13. Attempt the following question in 120-150 words :
Marvel is the only character in ‘The Invisible Man’ who interacts with Grififin and gains something. Comment.
Attempt a character sketch of Eppie. ‘
Answer. Marvel was a poor, homeless, jobless, vagabond. He met Griffin when he was sitting leisurely with his feet in the ditch by the roadside which was one and a half mile away from Iping. He was comparing his boots when suddenly he heard a voice from somewhere. Initially he thought that it was due to the dizziness that he heard the sound. But it was the Invisible man, Griffin’s voice and this was his first encounter with him. Having being thrown out of‘Coach and Horses’ and having no hope with these people, Griffin wanted someone who would help him as a laggage carrier. Mavel accepted to follow him when he was tempted to be benefited by the power of Griffin’s invisibility.
In Griffin s view Marvel was-stupid and foolish and he knew that nobody would believe Marvel’s story about an invisible man but he was wrong. In the end Marvel, the short, plump, simple and foolish looking man played a smart game and told Griffins story to the press. He very well knew what he would get after Griffin’s arrest or death. And he really got all the money stolen by Griffin and cleverly kept the three books with him in which the secret of Invisibility was mentioned. He also owned the inn. In fact he was the only one who was benefited by the association with Griffin. Thus, a street man Marvel befooled the clever man like Griffin and rose from a poor tramp to become the owner of the inn.
Eppie’s entrance in the novel Silas Marner brings cheerfulness Her full name is Hephziban. She is very beautiful with blond hair and fair skin. She proves to be affectionate, caring, lovable and sincere child and accepts Silas as her parent without any question. She has bounty of energy. She is a nature lover; she loves birds, flowers, butterflies and animals.She changes the personality of Silas completely by helping him to come out of his camouflaged loneliness. She helps him to mix up with his neighbors and regain his faith in God and humanity. Although she is an adopted child yet she never shows it. Rather she is more affectionate and faithful. She wants -to marry Aaron but agrees only on the condition that Silas will come to live with them. Godfrey’s offer to her to live with him as his child and to lead a high class life is rejected by her. She confides in Silas, loves him and proves to be a sincere daughter. She not only modifies present but also but also heals his wounds of past.


Note : Except for the following questions, all the remaining questions have been asked in previous sets.


Question. 4. You are Karan/Karuna of M 114, Mall Road, Delhi. You are a civil engineer and have recently returned from UAE. You are looking for a suitable job in India. Draft an advertisement for the same in about 50 words. Give details of your qualifications, experience, nature of job and expected remuneration.
Yesterday, during lunch break you misplaced you notes on chemistry lectures. You want to get them back. Write a notice in about 50 words for the school notice board. You are Karuna/Karan, a student of class XII A.

Question. 5. It gives you a good feeling when you read in the newspapers are Karuna/Karan, a student of class XII A. how patients from abroad come to hospitals in India and get themselves treated at a fraction of expenses they will have incurred elsewhere. Write a letter in 120-150 words to the editor of a national daily describing the importance of medical tourism for India. You are Karan/Karuna M 114,
Mall Road, Kanpur.
OR .
You bought a flat from PQR Builders, Sector 55, NOIDA. Within a period of two months you have started facing a lot of problems like seepage in the walls and celings, wall ‘ paint peeling off, leaking sanitary fittings, lift getting stalled etc. Write a letter of complaint in 120-150 words to the Works Manager. You are Karuna/Karan, A9D Apoorva Apts., NOIDA.
Ashok Vihar M-114, Mall Road
20th March, 20XX
The Editor
Times of India
New Delhi
Subject: Importance of medical tourism Dear Sir,
Through the columns of your esteemed daily, I, Karuna would like to emphasis on the importance of medical tourism. As we know that India is the most popular tourist place and sort after destination. People from all over the world come to India for their treatment by the most experienced and world class physicians. The medical facilities available in the high end hospitals of India are excellent. They are equipped with the latest technologies and the doctors are super specialized in their respective fields. With the advent of globalization, the world has shrunk. The concept of medical tourism was devised to help global citizens to enjoy their tourist sojourns while under cost effective, world class medical quality.
Over the last decade, India has emerged as the preferred destination for medical tourism. The city of Chennai has been termed as ‘India’s health capital’. India’s medical tourism sector is expected to experience an annual growth rate of 30%, making it a $2 Billion industry. Therefore, medical tourism should also be promoted by the government along with other tourist sectors.
Yours Sincerely
A9D Apoorva Appartments
12 February, 20XX
Work Manager
PQR Builders,
Sector 35 Noida
Subject: Complaint against the poor condition of flat Dear Sir,
On 20th December, 20XX, I have purchased a flat from PQR Builders in ‘Ashiana Apartments’. The flat is on first floor of D-Wing in sector 55, Noida. Initially when the flat was shown to us, it was ip excellent condition with walls, doors, ceiling perfectly painted and well furnished. The kitchen and bathroom were very well equipped with attractive fittings, seeing which we were tempted to buy it immediately.
But now I’m very hurt to inform you that the flat which I purchased only two months back is in a poor condition and so I, hereby,lodge a complaint against the negligence and dereliction on your part. Within a period of two months I’m facing a lot of problems like seepage in the walls and ceilings, wall paint peeling off, leaking of sanitary fittings, lift getting stalled, etc. Even the service men do not turn up on time to rectify the problems.
Please ask your mechanic and service men to check the fittings and do the required repair work.
Yours faithfully

Question.7. Increase in the number of private vehicles has caused problems like rising air pollution, traffic jams, lack of parking space, road rage etc. The solution lies in the use of public transport. Write an article in 150-200 words on ‘The Importance of Public Transport’. You are Karan/Karuna.
In certain states of India there is a great imbalance in the male female ratio. This is the result of special treatment given to boys in the family. Why is it so ? How can we change this mindset ? Write an article in 150-200 words on Gender discrimination in society’. You are Karuna/Karan.
‘Importance of Public Transport’
By Karuna
Recently I heard that traffic police has started a new drive against the pollution causing vehicles. Traffic police is stationed at the important intersections. Each and every vehicle is checked for ‘No Pollution’ certificates and they are fined Rs.
500 for the lapse. But what is the use of all this and how long could it go because people find too many excuses for their negligence. Next, from every house minimum of two to three vehicles are used by the people for going to their working places. Sometimes they are stuck in their vehicles for long hours due to heavy traffic jams.
So it would be far better if the government provides public transport’ facilities. It would create a lot of convenience for the public and daily commuters. It has many social, economic and environmental benefits. Social benefits of using public transport are multifold. It helps in developing a sense of community among people. They feel a community connection with those who are traveling with them. It encourages people ‘ to have a healthy lifestyle if they walk to their station, stand or stop. Moreover, it is less stressful as it saves a lot of time. Then economic benefits include less expenditure of money on buying cars or spending money on its maintenance. Traveling by public transport is much cheaper than private transport. It also reduces pollution and road congestion thus, helping in environmental conservation.
‘Gender Discrimination In Society’
By Karuna
In India, attitude towards men and women has been discriminating since generations. Although,the Constitution of India has provided equal rights to men and women, gender disparity prevails. Nature has also divided human beings into two equal halves and both are given* equal responsibilities according to their capacity, thus, stating the rights to both of them. But we humans have shown discrimination which has now become a practice in society. The powerful become aggressor and the other faces the aggression. Usually women are considered to be weaker as compared to men and are supposed to be uncapable of doing everything just because of their fragile outlook. Gender discrimination prevails in many homes, it is generally seen in families where there are sisters and brothers and where brothers are favored over sisters. Female infanticide and female foeticide are still common in ‘ many regions of the country. Sexual harassments, eve teasing, bride burning, woman trafficking, dowry deaths and many more evils are being perpetrated. Economically females are less privileged as they do not have control oft*financial matters.
In the rural areas and villages the situation is still worse. There has been no change in the social, economic and family status of the women. They are subjected to exploitation, domination and harassment by their male counterparts. But now it’s time that women should be empowered and encouraged so that the gap between and men and women be reduced.

Question.9. Answer any four of the following questions in 30-40 words each:
(a) Why did the Crofter show the thirty kroner to the peddler ?
(b) What deep meaning did his experience at the YMCA swimming pool have for Douglas ?
(c) How Did Zitkala-Sa’s first day in the land of apples begin ?
Answer . (a) The crofter was very proud of his cow as it used to give enough milk to support him in his old age. When peddler came to him, he felt so. excited that he told him about the thirty kroner from the creamery as the payment of the previous months supply. He worked to share his joy and moreover, he thought that peddler would not believe him so he showed him the money to convince him.
(b) Experience at YMCA swimming pool had a deep meaning for William Douglas; He had nearly escaped from drowning in the pool when he was sitting alone on the edge of the pool and a strong young man picked him up and tossed him into the pool. The experience had a deeper meaning for Douglas. He had experinced the fear of dying but at . the same time, he learnt the will to live which helped him to overcome the fear.
(c) The first day in the land of apples was a bitter cold one. The snow covered the ground and the trees were bare. The large metallic sound of the bell crashed through Zitkala’s ears and then she heard an annoying clatter of shoes on bare floors. There was harsh noise in a tongue which was unknown to her. She found herself bound and her spirit tore itself in struggling for its lost freedom.


Note : Except for the following questions, all the remaining questions have been asked in previous sets.


Question.6, The, Internet cannot replace a classroom teacher’. Write a debate in 150-200 words either for or against the motion.
Write a speech in 150-200 words to be delivered in the morning assembly on the topic. Water, a valuable asset, conservation at home and at school’. You are Karuna/ Karan.
‘The Internet cannot replace a classroom teacher’ Good morning, respected judges and the esteemed audience, today I have got the privilege of speaking in support of the Motion ‘The Internet cannot replace a classroom teacher’.
It is indeed a truth that internet can solve a bulk of problems and provides with all the necessary answers with illustrations to the students but it cannot replace a classroom teacher as it is devoid of any kind’of emotion which is very much required while teaching children. During teaching, teachers have to face all types of students with different mental labilities and thus they adjust their teaching pattern according to tjiem. They motivate their students accordingly and help the weaker section of students in coming up. There are some queries which cannot be solved by the internet but only a teacher can resolve it. The teacher understands the emotions and sentiments of the children; they realize the positive as well as negative feelings of the students. Teachers help us to remain alert and active in the classroom during teaching whereas a machine can never ‘ be. Besides, Internet can never beat the knowledge of human beings. It’s not necessary that all the information provided by internet is genuine. The question is that from where has all the information or knowledge on internet come? It is we humans only that has it into the computers.
In the end, 1 would like to say that a machine can never replace a living and breathing knowledgeable person.
‘Water, a valuable asset,
conservation at home and at school
Honorable Principal, respected Teachers and dear friends! Good Morning. I am Karuna, student of class XII. It is a great * opportunity for me to share my views on the topic ‘Water, a valuable asset, conservation at home and at school’ in today’s assembly.
Water scarcity today has become a big issue which if not dealt with in time, will turn out to be a hazard. With the increasing population, people are facing the problem of acute water shortage. People waste water in many ways which include washing cars, bathing animals, construction work, leaving taps running, etc. Apart from this, we can see leaking water pipes at many places which should be repaired at once. Children and women should be taught not to leave the taps running while brushing the teeth or washing utensils and clothes. At home, water used for washing fruits and vegetables can be used for gardening purpose.
To make the people aware to conserve water, importance of rain water harvesting and the method to recycle the water should be explained. Without water there is no life. Public should be encouraged to improve water management practices that reduce die wastage of water and enhance the beneficial use of , water. Some ancient methods of water conservation should also be practised. In case the water is not used wisely by anyone, then heavy fine should be imposed.

Question.7. For admission to colleges, there is a lot of competition today. For one available seat there are hundreds of candidates. Such a situation leads to stress on the minds of students ip the schools. However, the practice of Yoga can help them on feel calm and stress free. Write an article in 150-200-words on the topic, ‘Importance of Yoga to students/ You are Karan/Karuna.
While watching TV what we generally dislike most are commercial breaks, yet, a number of advertisements do add to our information. Write an article in 150-200 words on. Advertisements as a source of information. You are Karuna/ Karan.
Importance of Yoga to Students By Karuna
Today’s sedentary lifestyle has given invitation to many’diseases where man has limited time to spare ‘ for his health. But practicing yoga helps to keep a person away from several health problems. It is the science that cures many serious diseases and helps the mind as well as body to remain sound. It helps in maintaining balance between mental and social status of a human being. With regular practice of yoga, we tend to become more sensitive to the kind of food our body asks. A few minutes of yoga helps in getting relief from stress. It helps detox the body and de-stress the mind. We all want to live in a peaceful atmosphere and surrounded by nature, but we hardly realize that peace can be found within us. Yoga is the best way to calm a disturbed mind. On the other hand, yoga postures massage organs and strengthen muscles; breathing techniques and meditation release stress and improve immune system. Yoga and meditation work on keeping the mind happy and peaceful. When we feel drained out of energy, a few minutes spend on yoga provides the freshness and energy. It also helps in improving body posture. Today, students face many problems due to burden of studies and feel depressed but yoga acts as the stress buster for them. In many schools yoga has been practiced on daily basis as a part of the curriculum. It is gaining popularity not only in India but in European countries also.
In the end I would like to tell that yoga is a continuous process, so keep practicing!
Advertisements as a source of information
By Karuna
Advertisements have become an inseparable part of our life. We can’t get away from them as they have surrounded us from all sides. Go out of the house and we can see various hoardings displaying one or the other things, switch on television and they start attacking us in between the serials and movies. Even news chinnels are interrupted by them. In all we can say that we can’t escape from the advertisements. .
But there are certain things.that can be said in favor of advertisements. The cost of production is lowered when the advertisers give the money to newspapers, magazines, radio and television. Advertising is a way of delivering proper message to the customers. This way we get the information as well as knowledge of various products. Advertisements help in drawing customers to the business. It benefits the consumers also as there is competition between the manufacturers and they try to sell their products at lower cost than the other. Buyers on the other hand get wider choice to select the product according to their pockets and taste. They inform us about all the new products which are launched in the market. Without them we would not be able to know about the new things and its benefits. Therefore, advertisements seek to generate increase in consumption of a product or a service by introducing it to the target consumers.

Question.9. Answer any four of the following questions in 30-40 words each:
(a) All we have to fear is fear itself. When did Douglas learn this lesson ?
(b) Why did the iron master speak kindly to the peddler and invite him home ?
(e) What was his German teacher’s opinion of Evan’s proficiency in German ?
(f) According to Zitkala-Sa what does ‘eating by formula’ mean ?
Answer. (a) Douglas had near to death experience of drowning and the fear of water took control of his physical and mental strength. Finally, he decided to overcome this fear because of his interest in water activities like canoeing, swimming, fishing, boating etc. He decided to get an instructor and. learn to swim. He practiced for one hour daily for five days a week. He learnt to exhale in water and exhale after coming out of it. He swam two miles across the Lake Wentworth. Thus, he had experienced both the sensation of dying and the terror can produce. He was finally able to overcome his fear of water. ‘
(b) The iron master took the peddler for an old regimental Comrade, Nils Olof. He considered the peddler as an old acquaintance who had fallen on evil days so he talked to him kindly and invited him to come home to help him.
(e) Evans’ German tutor started giving him tuitions for six months in night classes in the prison itself.Evans wanted to take the (O)level examination in German. When he was permitted by the Governor and the Board to take the examination, his tutor came to meet him the day before.
He wished him good luck but said that he had hardly any ‘chance of getting through’. But Evans gave an ironical twist by saying that he would surprise everybody.
(f) On the first day in the land of apples, Zitkala noticed very unusual thing. All the girls were lined up who were marching into the dining room. These were Indian girls, in stiff shoes and closely clinging dresses. When the first bell rang, all pupils pulled out their chairs from under the table. On the second bell everybody sat down and picked up their knife and fork and began eating. She called this ‘eating by formula.’


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