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Adjective Phrase And Adjective Clause Exercises for Class 7 CBSE Pdf
A phrase that acts as an adjective to a noun or a pronoun is called an adjective phrase. An adjective phrase has an adjective as the main word. We can use a modifying adverb before an. adjective too.
- The muddy shoes were kept outside. (adjective = muddy)
- The shoes, covered in mud, were kept outside. (adjective phrase = covered in mud: it describes the shoes)
Adjectives can be rewritten as adjective phrases, as shown below:
- Shiv is an experienced actor. (adjective: experienced)
- Shiv is an actor with experience. (adjective phrase: with experience)
- Mallika is a famous journalist. (adjective: famous)
- Mallika is a journalist of fame. (adjective phrase: of fame)
Position Of Adjective Phrases
Adjective phrases should be placed immediately after the nouns they describe; to avoid confusion in meaning.
We bought a table from the carpenter with three legs. ✗ (Who has three legs, the table or the carpenter?)
We bought a table with three legs from the carpenter. ✓
A dependent clause that functions as an adjective in a sentence is called an adjective clause. An adjective clause works like an adjective in a sentence. The function of an adjective is to modify (describe) a noun or a pronoun. Similarly, a noun clause modifies a noun or a pronoun.
She is wearing a dress which looks pretty.
The clause ‘which looks Pretty’ in above sentence is an adjective clause because it modifies the noun ‘dress’ in the sentence.
An adjective clause always precedes the noun it modifies.
- I met a gentleman who had helped me.
- A mango that tastes sweet is liked by me.
- The story book which I bought last week is very interesting.
- The flat where she lives consists of four rooms.
- The person who was running was a robber.
Note: Adjective clause begins with a relative pronoun (that, who, whom, whose, which, or whose) and is also a relative clause.
Answer the following questions.
1. Describe the two characteristics of narrator’s mother.
2. Why does narrator like her mother?
3. What does narrator’s mother do to earn money?
Adjective Phrase And Adjective Clause Exercises With Answers
A. Underline the adjective phrases in the following sentences.
1. Have you ever seen an elephant with white skin?
2. He was wearing a crown made of gold.
3. There I met a girl with blue eyes.
4. Wild beasts in small cages are a sorry sight.
5. A man with a long beard came to see me.
6. We visited many villages without any inhabitants.
7. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
8. A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
9. He was a young man of great promise.
10. In a low voice, he narrated the tale of his adventures.
B. In each of the following sentences replace the adjective in bold letters by an adjective phrase of the same meaning.
1. The King wore a golden crown.
2. It is white elephant.
3. He lived in a stone house.
4. There was an earthen pot on the table.
5. She wore a diamond necklace.
6. Much has been said about the Swiss scenery.
7. The Spanish flag flew at the top of the mast
8. That was a brave act.
9. It was a horrible night.
10. Heroic deeds are worthy of admiration.
11. They went by Siberian railway.
12. I have passed several sleepless nights.
C. Underline the adjective clause in each sentence below.
- That boy needs to complete all his chores.
That boy needs to complete all his chores.
1. Which person do you think will be able to complete the work?
2. The woman who lives next door, brought us some cookies.
3. There is a condo that I’d like to purchase.
4. Delhi City is where I wish to live.
5. That cat that you found belongs to our neighbour.
6. The man who wore the hat was guilty.
7. Sanjeev, whose friends were from out of town, had a great time.
8. Summer, which is my favourite season, is usually hot.
9. English, which is my favourite subject, has a lot of good stories.
10. Los Angeles, is the city where I was born.
D. Combine each of the following pairs of sentences with an adjective clause.
1. The theft was committed last night. The police has caught the man.
2. French is different from Latin. Latin was once spoken throughout Europe.
3. You are looking upset. Can you tell me the reason?
4. He had several plAnswer: for making money quickly. All of them have failed.
5. The landlord was proud of his strength. He despised the weakness of his tenants.
6. This is the village. I was born here.
7. You put the keys somewhere. Show me the place.
8. Pawan was an old gentleman. He was my travelling companion.
9. A fox once met a crane. The fox had never seen a crane before.
10. The shopkeeper keeps his money in a wooden case. This is that wooden case.