For sentences in the active voice, the subject performs the action; for those in the passive voice, the subject receives the action. Most grammarians recommend using the active voice whenever possible. Here are some examples to help you distinguish between the voices:
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Active And Passive Voice Exercises for Class 8 With Answers CBSE Pdf
In active voice, the sentence begins with the performer (Subject) of the action and the object is at the end of the sentence as it is acted upon. This means ‘subject’ is of prime importance or is ‘active’ in the sentence. Hence, the structure is (Subject + Verb + Object).
In passive voice, the sentence begins with the object and the ‘subject’ is at the end. Hence here object’ is given more importance and the subject’ is ‘passive’. e.g.,
- Noorjahan is loved by Saleem.
- The wounded woman were being helped by some girls.
The ‘verb’ should be in accordance with ‘object’ in passive voice.
Change of Tense in Active and Passive Voice
|Tense of Modal + Tense||Active Voice||Passive Voice|
|1. Simple Tense
shall/will be beaten
|2. Continuous Tense
|am/is/are beating was/were beating shall/will be beating||am/is/are being beaten was/were being beaten
|3. Perfect Tense
shall/will have beaten
|have/has been beaten
had been beaten
shall/will have been beaten
|4. Perfect Continuous Tense
Can/may/must etc + base
|can/may/must etc beat||Not applicable
can/may/must etc be beaten
Change of Person
|Active voice||Passive Voice|
|Any name||Name remains as it is|
Changing of Active Voice into Passive voice
Simple Present Tense
Active Passive e.g.
- She plucks flowers from the plant. (Active Voice)
Flowers are plucked from the plant by her. (Passive Voice)
- Madhur offers her a flower. (Active Voice) .
She is offered a flower by Madhur. (Passive Voice)
- Do they perform fine arts (Active Voice)
Are fine arts performed by them? (Passive Voice)
Present Continuous Tense
Active + Subject + Present conc + object
Passive + object + is/am/are + being + subject
- Vaibhav is making a loud noise. (Active voice)
A loud noise is being made by Vaibhav. (Passive voice)
- The jury are announcing the results in a few minutes. (Active Voice)
The results are being announced by the jury in a few minutes. (Passive Voice).
- She is not heeding his instructions. (Active Voice)
His instructions are not being heeded by her. (Passive Voice)
Present Perfect Tense
Active S + have/has + V2 + O
Passive O + have/has + been + V2 + by +S
- Arpita has forgotten’ his name. (Active voice)
His name has been forgotten by Arpita. (Passive voice)
- The editor has strongly criticised his opinions. (Active Voice)
His opinions have been strongly criticised by the editor. (Passive Voice).
- Have they won the match? (Active Voice)
Has the match been won by them? (Passive Voice)
Simple Past Tense
Active S + V, + O
Passive O + was/were + V+ by + S
Too many cooks spoiled the broth. (Active Voice)
The broth was spoilt/spoiled by too many cooks. (Passive Voice)
Was my watch seen somewhere by you? (Passive Voice)
Which diary did Manpreet give you? (Active Voice)
Which diary was given you by Manpreet? (Passive Voice)
Past Continuous Tense
Active S + was/were + V, + ing+O
Passive O + was/were + being + V + by + S
- The strife torn Sri Lanka was facing a great trouble at that time. (Active Voice)
A great trouble was being faced at that time by the strife torn Sri Lanka. (Passive Voice)
- She was reading a novel of Kate Thompson. (Active Voice)
A novel of Kate Thompson was being read by her. (Passive Voice)
Change the following sentence into the active voice.
If in above sentences, ‘Please’ is added, they become ‘requests’.
The passive voice of such sentences is begun with You are requested to e.g.
- Please, open the door. (Active Voice)
You are requested to open the door. (Passive Voice)
- Please, help me in my work. (Active Voice)
You are requested to help me in my work. (Passive Voice)
- Please, stand in a queue. (Active Voice)
You are requested to stand in a queue. (Passive Voice)
- Arjit will never forgive Rinnie for her blunder. (Active Voice)
Ronnie will never be forgiven for her blunder by Arijit. (Passive Voice)
- Why will they allow you to enter? (Active Voice)
Why will you be allowed to enter by them? (Passive Voice)
- Help the poor.
- Love children
- Respect your elders
Changing Active into Passive Voice of Imperative Sentences
Imperative sentences are of three types Orders/Commands e.g.
- Open the door
- Follow my instructions.
- Stop the car, at once.
I? Sentences ‘let’ is used to change into passive voice. It is followed by ‘object’ and ‘be + V as follows.
Past perfect Tense
Active S + had + V, + O
Passive + had been + V + by + S
- I had watched the movie earlier. (Active Voice)
The movie had been watched earlier by me. (Passive Voice)
- Sofia had informed the police of the incident. (Active Voice)
The police had been informed of the incident by Sofia. (Passive Voice)
Active And Passive Voice Practice Exercises for Class 8 CBSE
A. Rewrite the passive sentences into Active.
1. The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.
2. This book was written by an Irishman.
3. The president was elected by the people.
4. The bag was packed by his mother.
5. The child was hit by a car.
6. The exercise is completed by the teacher.
7. Google was founded by Larry and Sergey.
8. Football is played by the children.
9. The computer is used by Patrick.
10. Coffee is sold by Marie.
B. Change the following sentences into Active Voice. The first one has been done for you.
1. The ball was kicked by him. – He kicked the ball.
2. An orange is being eaten by her. – ____________________
3. The work was done by them. – ____________________
4. The money has been stolen by him. – ____________________
5. It will be done by us. – ____________________
6. They were given some food by her. – ____________________
7. He was written a letter by me. – ____________________
8. We were laughed at by them. – ____________________
9. A song was being sung by her. – ____________________
10. The story has been told by me. – ____________________
C. Complete the definitions. Put in an active or passive participle of these verbs.
1. Cricket is a game _________ in English-speaking countries.
2. A wrist watch is a watch _________ on your wrist.
3. A latecomer is a person _________ late.
4. An instruction is a statement _________ you what to do.
5. A spectator is someone _________ a game or a play.
6. An extension is a new part _________ to a building.
7. An obstacle is something _________ your way.
8. Contraband is something _________ into a country.
9. A competitor is someone _________ part in a competition.
10. Your property is everything _________ by you.
D. Rewrite these sentences in passive voice.
1. I have sold my old books. __________________
2. Someone has broken my ruler. __________________
3. Anybody can borrow books from this library. __________________
4. They seli books here. __________________
5. She told me to come early. __________________
6. People will soon forget that incident. __________________
7. The company will provide more buses. __________________
8. People will hate you. __________________
9. Somebody has bought that house. __________________
10. They opened the supermarket last week. __________________
E. Change the Voice in the following sentences. The first one has been done for you.
1. Who did the job? By whom was the iob done?
2. Can you break the door? __________________?
4. Is he speaking English? __________________?
5. Are you eating a banana? __________________?
6. Why are you washing the car? __________________?
7. When will he give the money? __________________?
8. Where will he meet you? __________________?
9. How do you make a cake? __________________?
10. Whom did you tell the story? __________________?
F. Rewrite the Active sentences into Passive.
(i) They understand Spanish.
(ii) My friend bought a new car.
(iii) Johnson cleaned the bathroom.
(iv) The teacher closes the window.
(v) The girls can play handball.
(vi) Our dog did not bite the cat.
(vii) The mechanic repairs cars.
(viii) The electricians test the fire alarm.
(ix) Levi Strauss invented blue jeans.
(x) Frank takes photos.
G. Change the following sentences into Passive Voice. Mention the agent only when necessary. The first one has been done for you.
1. A tourist guide showed us round the picturesque countryside.
We were shown sound the picturesque countryside by a tourist guide.
2. A lorry ran over the dog.
3. Someone switched off the lights.
4. The author will write the book at the end of the year.
5. Did someone find a solution to the problem?
6. The police gave the informer a reward of fifty thousand rupees.
7. The blind man has made the chair very well.
8. An unseen hand closed the window.
9. A. R. Rehman composed this lovely piece of music.
10. What have people done about this?
11. A good friend told me the news this morning.
12. William Blake wrote many outstanding poems.
13. Didn’t they tell you to be here by three o’clock?
14. Lightning knocked a tree down last night.
15. They tell me that somebody stole your pen. (two passives )