CBSE previous Year Solved Papers Class 12 English Delhi 2010
Time allowed : 3 hours Maximum Marks: 100
General Instructions :
- This paper is divided into three sections : A, B and C. All the sections are compulsory.
- Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them faithfully.
- Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.
Question.1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:
- Today’s woman is a highly self-directed person, alive to the sense of her dignity and the importance of her functions in the private domestic domain and the public domain of the world of work. Women are rational in approach, careful in handling situations and want to do things as best as possible. The Fourth World Conference of Women, held in Beijing in September 1995, had emphasized that no enduring solution of society’s most threatening social, economic and political problems could be found without the participation and empowerment of the women. The 1995, World Summit for Social Development had also emphasized the pivotal role of women in eradicating poverty and mending the social fabric.
- The Constitution of India had conferred on women equal rights and opportunities – political, social, educational and of employment – with men. Because of the oppressive traditions, superstitions, exploitation and corruption, a majority of women are not allowed to enjoy the rights and opportunities, bestowed on them. One of the major reasons for this state of affairs is the lack of literacy and awareness among women. Education is the main instrument through which we can narrow down, the prevailing inequality and accelerate the process of economic and political change in the status of women. ‘
- The role of women in a society is very important. Women’s education is the key to a better life in the future. A recent World Bank study says that educating girls is not a charity, it is good economics and if developing nations are to eradicate poverty, they must educate the girls. The report says, that the economic and social returns on investments in education of the girls considerably affect the Human Development Index of the nation. Society would progress only if the status of women is respected and the presence of an educated woman in the family would ensure education of the family itself. Education and empowerment of women are closely related.
- Women’s education has not received due care and attention from the planners and policy makers. The National Commission for women has rightly pointed out that even after 50 years of Independence, women continue to be treated as .the single-largest group of backward citizens of India. The role of women in overall development has not been fully understood nor has it been given its full weight
in the struggle to eliminate poverty, hunger, injustice and inequality at the national level. Even, when we are at the threshold of the 21st century, our society still discriminates against women in matters of their rights and privileges and prevents them from participating in the process of national and societal progress. Various committees and commissions have been constituted before and after Independence to evaluate the progress in women’s education and to suggest ways and means to enhance the status of women. The female literacy rate has gone up in the 20th century from 0.6 percent in 1901 to 39.29 percent in 1991 but India still possesses the largest number of illiterate women in the world. The Female Literacy Index for the year 1991 shows that there are eight states which fall below the national average. The most populous states of the country, UP, MP, Bihar and Rajasthan fall in the category of most backward states as far as female literacy is concerned. .
- The prevailing cultural norms of gender behaviour and . the perceived domestic and reproductive roles of women tend to affect the education of the.girls. Negative attitude towards sending girls to schools, restrictions on their mobility, early marriage, poverty and illiteracy of parents affect the girls’ participation in education.
- Women’s political empowerment got a big boost with the Panchayati Raj Act of 1993 which gave them 30 percent reservation in Village Panchayats, Block samities and Zila Parishads throughout the country. The National Commission for women was also set up in 1992, to act as a lobby for women’s issues.
- The educational system is the only institution which can counteract the deep foundations of inequality of sexes that are built in the minds of people through the socialisation process. Education, is the most important instrument of human resource development. Educational system should be used to revolution is the traditional attitudes and inculcate new values of equality.
(a) (i) Mention any two attributes of a modem woman.
Answer : (i) Women are careful in handling situations.
(ii) They are rational in their approach.
(ii) Why is women’s participation and empowerment
considered necessary ?
Answer : Society’s most threatening social, economic and political problem’s solution could not be found without the participation and empowerment of women.
(iii) Which factors adversely affect the education of
Answer : The prevailing cultural norms of gender bias ness and the perceived domestic and reproductive roles of women tend to affect the education of the girls.
(iv) What benefits did the women get with the enactment of the Panchayat Raj Act of 1993 ?
Answer: The women got 30% reservation in village Panchayats, Block samities and Zila parishads, throughout the country with the enactment of the Panchayat Raj Act of 1993.
(v) By what process can we remove the sense of inequality of sexes from the minds of the people ?
Answer : The educational system is the only institution which can remove the sense of inequality of sexes from the minds of the people through the socialisation process.
(b) Pick out words from the passage which mean the same as each of the following:
(i) Gruel and unfair (para 2)
(ii) Remove (para 3)
(iii) full of people (para 4)
Question.2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:
Despite all the research, each one of us catches cold and most of us catch it frequently. Our failure to control one of the commonest of all ailments, sometimes seems ridiculous. Medical Science regularly practices transplant surgery and has rid many a countries of such killing diseases as Typhus and the Plague. But the problem of common cold, is unusually difficult and much is yet to be done to solve it.
It is known that a cold is caused by one of a number of viral infections that affect the lining of the nose and other passage leading to the lungs but the confusing variety of viruses makes study and remedy very difficult. It was shown in 1960 that many typical colds in adults are caused by one or the other of a family of viruses known as rhinoviruses, yet there still remain many colds for which no virus has yet been isolated. There is also the difficulty that because they are so much smaller, than the bacteria, which causes many other infections, viruses cannot be seen with ordinary microscopes. Nor can they be cultivated easily in the bacteriologists laboratory, since they only grow within the living cells of animals or plants. An important recent step forward, however, is the development of the technique of tissue culture, in which bits of animal tissue are enabled and to multiply independently of the body. This has greatly aided virus research and has led to the discovery of a large number of viruses. Their ^existence had previously been not only unknown but even unsuspected. .
The fact that we can catch cold repeatedly creates another difficulty. Usually a virus strikes only once and leaves the victim immune to further attacks. Still we do not gain immunity from colds. Why ? It may possibly be due to the
fact that while other viruses get into the bloodstream where antibodies can oppose them — the viruses causing cold attack cells only on the surface. Or it may be that immunity from one of the many different viruses does not guarantee protection from all others. It seems, therefore, that we are likely to have to suffer colds for some time yet.
(a) On the basis of your reading of the above passage, make notes on it in points only, using abbreviations wherever necessary. Also suggest a suitable title.
Title: Difficulties of Common Cold.
(i) Common cold
(a) everyone catches
(b) Med Sc. failed to control
(c) much has to be done in order to cure it.
(a) viral infections
(b) variety of viruses
(c) family virus known as Rhino.
(a) too small to be seen under microscp
(b) leaves victim immune to further attacks
(c) can’t be cured by anti bods.
(b) Write a summary of the above passage in about 80 words using the notes made.
Everyone catches cold and the cure of it has not been found yet. Medical Science has failed to control it. It is caused by viral infections that affect the lining of the nose and other passages. The confusing variety of viruses, makes the study difficult. Family virus rhinovirus is also responsible for it. The viruses are so small that they can neither be seen with microscope nor cultivated in laboratory. This virus leaves the. victim immune to further attacks. They do not get into the bloodstream where antibodies can oppose them. Therefore, we have to suffer from cold for some time yet.
(ADVANCED WRITING SKILLS)
Question.3. You are the Secretary of your School Literary Association. Write a notice in not more than 50 words for your school notice board, giving details of the proposed inauguration of the Literary Association of your school. You are ‘XYZ’ of Jain Vidyashram, Cuddalore.
You are the General Manager of E.V.L. Company which requires posh bungalows on company lease, as guest houses. Draft an advertisement in not more than 50 words under classified columns to be published in “The New Indian Express”1.
Question.4. You are Sweety/ Suresh of L.M. Jain School, Ajmer. As Secretary of your school’s Co-Curricular Activities Club, you visited a slum area in your city where the people suffered a great loss of life and property in a massive fire. The students of your school rendered their services and material help to the victims, Write a report in 100-125 words for your school magazine.
Recently your school held a seminar on ‘Conservation of Water’ as a part of World Day celebrations. As the school Pupil Leader of Maryland School, Gurgaon, write a report in 100-125 words for a local daily. Sign as Preetham/ Preeti.
A Fire Accident
Report By: Sweety
(Secretary, Co-Curricular Activities)
12th May, 20XX
A massive fire broke out in a nearby slum area of our city. It was caused by a short circuit in one of the lose wires passing through the area. The fire was uncontrollable and the situation became extremely serious as it gulped many houses and vehicles. People suffered fatal burns and grievous
injuries. It was a pitiable and horrifying scene. It took an hour to bring the fire under control. NGO’s, government aid, local residents, volunteers all came forward to carry out the relief operations. Food packets, medical aid and shelter were provided to the affected victims. Students from our school also offered help in the form of money and material. They donated clothes and reached the area to render services to the victims.
They also helped the victims by taking them to the nearby hospitals and stayed with them till their relatives came.
Need to conserve water
Report By : Preeti (School Pupil Leader)
Maryland School, Gurgaon
As a part of World Day Celebration, Maryland School held a seminar on the topic ‘Conservation of Water’ on 31st May, 20XX. It was headed by the eminent environmentalist’ Mr. Jain, who laid emphasis on the wise use of water. The main aim of this seminar was to highlight the importance of water conservation. It was stated that, with alarming increase of the population, we are experiencing an acute water shortage. Our water table is shrinking and it’s time to pledge to save water. Certain measures like use of water as per our requirement, turn off the tap after use, don’t leave tap running while brushing or shaving, install small shower heads to reduce the excess flow of water, were suggested. Water used for cleaning
the vegetables and fruits can be reused to water the plants. In the concluding speech, the appeal was made to start conserving and harvesting rain water for the present as well as the future generations. The organizers deserve appreciation and congratulations for holding a seminar on such topic.
Question.5. You are Sruthi/ Shiraj staying at R.K. Puram, Secunderabad. Your locality being away from the main city, the poor bus service adversely affects the life of residents. Write a letter to the editor, ‘Deccan Chronicle’, highlighting the problems faced and also giving a few possible solutions. 
You are Varsha/ Varan, Incharge of Excursion Club of B.V.P. School, Mathura Road, Delhi. Write a letter to the General Manager, Northern Railways, requesting reservation of a bogie for 80 students from New Delhi to Chennai and back by G.T. Express. .
18th August, 20XX
Subject: Problems faced due to poor bus service
I would like to draw your attention towards, the problems faced by the people of R.K. Puram, in the absence of proper bus service. As my locality is far away from the main city, we have no other transportation facility than bus service. At times, the residents of the locality have to cover a long distance on foot to reach the place which not only wastes their time but also proves to be a tiresome journey. Even the time duration between the commutations of two buses is 4 to 5 hours and in case of urgency, people have to hire a taxi at a very high fare. The taxi drivers also take the undue advantage of the emergency. It is becoming a serious problem for the locals of the area, therefore I request you to start a new bus service from R.K. Puram to the main city to avoid any further inconvenience to the residents and if that is not possible, kindly start a tempo or mini bus service.
I hope my request would be considered favourably.
Thanking You Yours Sincerely,
Sruthi (Resident, R.K. Puram)
Mathura Road Delhi
12th January, 20XX The General Manager Northern Railways Dear Sir,
Subject: Request for reserving a bogie for 80 students This is to inform your that an excursion tour has been planned by our school for 80 students from New Delhi to Chennai. This is an educational cum entertainment tour and I would like to make their train journey a great fun and full of experience. As G.T. Express is a fast and comfortable train and our priority is to see students’ comfort. I request you to make reservation for 80 students plus 1 teacher from G. T. Express on 5th-Feburary, 20xx. New Delhi to Chennai and return by the same train on 20th February, 20XX in first class A.C. Coach.
Kindly forward me the schedued time and the tickets so that students can reach the station in time. The payment of the tickets will be done online immediately after the reservation is confirmed.
Thanking You Yours Sincerely,
Varsha (Incarge, Excursion Club)
Question.6. Presently the prices of essential commodities are skyrocketing causing much hardship to the common man. Write an article in 150-200 words expressing your views and suggesting measures to curb this problem.
The number of women in the police force seems insufficient specially when we see the increasing involvement of women in terrorist activities. Write an article in 150-200 words for ‘The Hindustan Chronicle’ on the need of having more women in the police force.
Rising Prices : A Menace for
the Common Man
Majority of the population is the victim of this acute problem known as price hike. Most of the people live below poverty line and they are unable to fulfil even their basic requirements. The prices of essential commodities have touched the sky and therefore are beyond common man’s reach. The prices of vegetables, oil, sugar, wheat etc. have risen so much that the purchase of these has become difficult for common man. Money has lost its value. The rich are becoming richer whereas the poor are getting poorer. It has now become a fashion for the shopkeepers to increase, the rate of commodities within „ a day. Once the rates are increased, they cannot be expected to come down. This all, is due to black marketing and the dealers’ profit marking nonopoly. Once they raise the price, it cannot be reduced on the pretext of increase in petrol and diesel prices. Now it becomes the duty of the Government to take action against undue price hike and stop black marketing to control the rising prices. There should be regular checks on the import and export of commodities and the rates of food items must be under control so that the poor can also afford them.
Need of Women in Police Force
Having more women in the Police Force means proper law enforcement and better response to community. We see nowadays that women are becoming more and more active in terrorist activities as compared to the number of women in any of the forces. Their number is abysmally low in the Police Forces when they are the major portion of our work force. To combat this situation we need more women in Police Force. They not only play critical role in forming a police organization but also in addressing gender based violence. It affects women as well as children sometimes as they do not feel free to open up in front of male police officers. Therefore the women force is required to understand the grievances of the victims properly specifically women and teaching the security challenges faced by women. It is a local custom to recruit men in such forces but we cannot deny the fact that the number of women is increasing in criminal activities. Hence, recruitment of women ifi Police Forces should take place. Despite the hidden barriers, women should be given a chance to inter the force through proper relevant trainings.
Question.7. Read the extract given below and answer the question the follow:
It would be an exotic moment without rush, with engines, we would all be together in a sudden strangeness.
Aunt Jennifer’s tigers prance across a screen,
Bright topaz denizens of a world of green.
They do no fear the men beneath the tiger;
They pace in sleek chivalric certainty.
(a) What does ‘It’ refer to?
Answer : ‘It’ refers to keeping quiet for a moment.
(b) Who is the poet speaking to?
Answer: The poet is speaking to the common man.
(c) What would be the moment like?
Answer : The moments would be without any rush or noise when all would be clam and serene will be the most desirable moment for the human beings.
(a) How are Aunt Jennifer’s tigers described?
Answer : They are chivalric, brave and fearless. They are the lord of the jungle and have a respectable place in the animal kingdom.
(b) Why are they described as denizens of world of green?
Answer : The tigers are free to roam anywhere in the green forests and they are known for their strength and fearlessness.
(c) Why are they not afraid of men?
Answer : They are not afraid of men because they are not afraid of the men below the tree. They are strong, brave and fearless and known for their pride.
Question.8. Answer any three of the following in 30-40 words :
(a) Why are the young trees described as ‘sprinting’?
Answer : The young trees are symbol of young age, life and energy, so they seem to be sprinting. They are compared to the poet’s mother who is old and weak. She is in the last stage of her life whereas the trees are full of life.
(b) How does the poet describe the classroom walls?
Answer: The poet describes the walls of the classroom as dull and damp that smelled of sour cream. They are discoloured and faded and thus need paint. These dull walls have a Similarity with the faces of the children who are also pale.
(c) What image does Keats use to describe the beautiful bounty of the earth?
Answer : The poet emphasizes, the intransient nature of beautiful things that leave a permanent impression on our mind. Beauty is showered on us from heavens by God. This endless fountain of eternal beauty is God’s biggest gift to the mankind.
Question.9. Answer the following in 3040 words each :
(a) What had narrator counted on to enter the school
Answer : The sounds that were heard daily like the banging of the desks, repetition of the lessons and rapping of the ruler, were so loud that the narrator thought he could enter the school without anybody’s notice.
(b) When Douglas realized that he was sinking, how did ^ he plan to save himself?
Answer : Douglas had death like experience while sinking but he gathered his courage and thought of conquering, the fear. As soon as he touched the bottom of the pool, he pushed himself up and came gradually to the surface.
(c) Why did the servants think Gandhiji to be another peasant ?
Answer : Gandhiji used to wear dhoti which was generally worn by the peasants, moreover he was a simple man, so servants mistook him as another peasant.
(e)“Damn that Geoff, this was a Geoff thing not a Jansie thing” .Why did Sophie say so ?
Answer : Sophie wanted to reveal her truths, so she thought Geoff to be the right person rather than Jansie because Geoff could keep her secrets as he was an introvert and rarely talked to anyone else.
Question.10. Answer the following in 125-150 words:
The bangle makers of Ferozabad make beautiful bangles and make everyone happy but they live and die in squalor. Elaborate.
The story ‘The Rattrap’ focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others. Explain.
Answer : The life of the bangle
makers of Ferozabad is miserable although they bring smiles to everyone’s face by making colorful and beautiful bangles. In their opinion, they are born to live in poverty for generation after generation and are destined to work in bangle making factories because they are born to the family of bangle makers. All through day and night, they have to work in bright furnaces to make beautiful bangles for the women but their own life is spent in utter darkness. They are forced to work in hot temperatures in dirty rooms without proper ventilation. They have to sit near burning lamps as a result of which they lose the brightness of their eyes. Their eyes become so accustomed to that light that they cannot see the natural daylight outside. Sometimes they become blind also. They are exploited by middlemen, policemen, sahukars, bureaucrats and politicians and it is impossible for them to come out of this vicious trap.
The story ‘The Rattrap’ deals with the human psychology which reveals the need of human beings to share their joys and sorrows with others. Everyone wants other’s company to live in this vast world and its general human nature. Here in the story, the peddler is lonely and a homeless wanderer. He sells rattraps. On the other hand, Crofter lives alone so when the peddler came to his house at odd hours, he shows kindness and hospitality and allows him to stay for the night so that he can start a conversation with him. Other instance in the story is that, the ironmaster and his daughter are also lonely. They are very rich and have no problem, they live in a big house but they do not have company to have conversation with therefore, they insist peddler to spend Christmas Eve with them but when he doesn’t agree the ironmaster’s daughter requests him to stay which he could not deny. Thus we can say that the story focuses on human need to bond with others.
Question.11. Answer the following in 125-150 words :
When did the Tiger king stand in danger losing his kingdom? How was he able to avert the danger ?
How did the question paper and the correction slip help the prisoner and the Governor !
Answer : Tiger King was told by the astrologer that he would be killed by a tiger, so he started hunting and killing tigers. If anybody disobeyed him, he would be punished severely. A high ranking British official wanted to kill the tigers but the Maharaja did not give him the permission and told him that he could kill any animal except tigers. The officer wished to get a photograph of himself holding a gun beside tiger’s body. But the Maharaja refused that too. As he had not allowed him to fulfill his desire, he was in the danger of losing his kingdom.
He then discussed the issue with his deewan. So he offered a bribe of 50 diamond rings of the value of three lakhs to the wife of the British officer. She became happy and kept all of them. This way he was able to retain his kingdom.
The real purpose of the question paper and the correction slip was to provide Evans the plan of escaping from the cell. The sheet was cleverly superimposed. The correction slip also made the prison officers believe that the injured person was actually McLeery and he wanted to help them in tracing the criminal, Evans. ”
On the other hand the question paper and the correction slip helped both the criminals as well as the Governor. The assistant secretary made a call to the Governor after the examination had started that he had forgotten to place a correction slip in the package. In fact, there was a clue in the slip for Evans that after escaping from the prison he should go to Hotel Golden Lions. At the same time this information helped the Governor to locate the Hotel where Evans was staying because Evans had written index number as 313 and the centre number as 271 which came out to be six figures 313/271 and with the help of ‘Ordance Survey Map for Oxfordshire’, the Governor reached the hotel. This was also a part of their plan and the Governor was made to trace Evans deliberately and eventually he was able to dupe the Governor and ran away.
Question.12. Answer the following in 30-40 words :
(c) Why did to think Roger Skunk was better off with the new smell ?
Answer : Roger Skunk had a very bad smell due to which other animals did not play with him. But a Wizard made him smell like roses and little animals started liking him and played with him. Thus Jo thought him to be better off with the new smell.
(d) Why did the landloard’s man ask Bama’s brother, on which street he lived ? What was the significance ?
Answer : To the landlord’s man, Bama’s brother was a new face so they asked him the name of the street on which he lived to know his caste as in those days the Dalit community lived in separate streets.
Note : Except for the following questions, all the remaining questions have been asked in previous sets.
(ADVANCED WRITING SKILLS)
Question.4. Your school has recently organized a medical camp for screening students and staff for swineflu on the occasion of Independence Day Celebrations. The parents were also invited far screening. You are Rohit/Rashmi, Cultural Secretary of Vivekananda Kendra School, Bangalore. Write a report of the event in 100-125 words for ‘The Times of India.’
You watched a special Independence Day Programme, “India’s Talent” on television. In the programme disabled children presented their latest talents in a marvelous manner. You were greatly touched and admired by organizers for their well thought out programme. Write a report in 100-125 words for your school magazine. You are Anjali/Ankur, School Pupil leader, Asha Memorial Sr. Sec. School, Agra.
Medical Camp for Screening Students
and Staff for Swine Flu
Report By : Rashmi (Cultural Secretary)
‘The Times of India’
15th August, 20XX
On the occasion of Independence Day Celebrations, Vivekananda Kendra School, Bangalore came forward with an innovative idea of organizing a Medical Camp, for screening students and staff for swine flu. The main objective of organizing this camp was to emphasize the need of creating awareness of the spread, prevention and treatment of swine flu.: It was told by the senior Medical Officer that although the vaccines for Swine flu are available in medical stores but if not cured in time, it may prove to be fatal. It was also told that it spreads very fast and had started initially in pigs. The parents were also invited to join this event so that they would also be made aware of the causes and cures of this disease. A team of medical experts told that it spreads in the same way as seasonal flu, so we must follow the rules of health and hygiene, then only, the outbreak of this fatal disease can be controlled and prevented.
A report by : Anjali (School Pupil Leader)
Indian Television took a noble initiative of observing the independence Day by broadcasting a special programme
‘India’s Talent’ presented by people with disabilities. It was a social change campaign to encourage and support a fundamental shift in attitudes towards differently abled people. The performance done by them was mesmerizing and left an indelible impact’on viewer’s mind. They showcased their talent that would help them get respectable place in a society, where they are valued and included. The courage and confidence displayed by them was really fantastic. The objective of the program was to make the students aware of the fact that disability should not be treated as something to be ashamed off. The main credit goes to the organizers of the programme, who put their foot forward to give these special children a platform.
Question.6. In many parts of our country girls are discouraged from going to school. Consequendy a sizeable section of the population is deprived of education. Schemes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, CBSE scholarship to single girl child and the government’s policy of giving free education to girls have come as a boon to our society. Write an article in 150¬200 words on education of the girl child in the country.
Advertisements have become a big business. They are promoted by celebrities drawn from various fields like films, sports, etc., leaving their influence on people specially the young. Write an article in 150-200 words on ‘The impact of advertisements on the younger generation’.
Education of the Girl Child
Since Independence time has changed a lot. The status of the women has seen a revolutionary change. They are competing – men in every walk of life. Even though its a male dominant society. There are places where girls are deprived of necessary education, and are not sent to schools. This shows the height of selfishness of men who think that acquiring good -» education is their right. It is generally said that girls have to learn their daily household chores which would be affected in case they go to school or colleges. It is also assumed that if they acquire education, they may surpass men. In the rural areas or villages, the situation is still worse. There is a gender biasness and girls are regarded as inferior to boys and are far more backward, illiterate, weak- and vulnerable than boys. They have to remain confined and satisfied with routine, monotonous domestic roles. In cities, towns and urban localities also, the percentage of educated girls is far less than boys. But the schemes started by Government like ‘ Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’ which provides 8 years of quality education to all children between 6 to 14 years is a CBSE scholarship
to single girl child and the Government policy of giving free education to girls, are highly appreciable and in future they can prove to be productive also for the welfare of the country as well as their own family.
‘The Impact of Advertisements on
the Younger Generation’
This is the age of advertisements and it is impossible to escape from them. Hoardings staring at us, magazine covers and neon signs on the shops catch our attention automatically. All these are one of the developments that have taken place with technological advances. T.V. Channels, films and magazines are full of advertisements as they are the lifeline of media. They directly reach out to the public through these commercial advertisements. But nobody has ever thought the impact they are leaving on our younger generation. They are not only colorful and attractive but are promoted by the film actors, sports players, T.V. artists etc. which lures the youth to a greater extent. They blindly follow them without giving a second thought whether they would be useful to them or not. The creativity packed in few seconds attracts youth so much that many of them can recall the advertisements better than their study material. The number of commercial advertisements is much more than the number of news channels, information media or entertainment channels. The innocent youth tries to adopt everything that is shown in ads without giving an ear to the adults. We can say that our youth is spell bpund by the magic of the ad world.
SECTION – C
Question.8. Answer any three of the following in 30-40words each :
(a) The poet says, “and yet for these children, these windows, not this map, their world”. Which world do these children belong to ? Which world is inaccessible to them?
Answer : The world of children living in slum is confined to their dirty and damp classroom only. The narrow street is their world. So the map and the world shown to them has no meaning for them. The world of freedom, education, equal rights and bright future is inaccessible to them.
Question.9. Answer the following in 30-40 words each :
(a) “This is your last French lesson”. How did Franz react to this declaration of M. Hamel?
Answer : Franz was shocked to hear that there would be no French teaching from now onwards. He felt extremely sorry for neglecting his lessons and regretted for not getting chance to learn grammar rules and participles and his French teacher M. Hamel would also be seen no more. 1
(b) What did Douglas experience as he went down to the bottom of the pool for the first time ?
Answer : As Douglas went down to the bottom of the pool for the first time, he felt afraid and paralyzed with fear. He shouted but no one came for his rescue and a sort of terror captured his soul.
Question.12.Answer the following in 30-40 words each:
(a) Why was Roger Skunk’s mommy angry with him ? What did she finally tell him?
Answer: Roger Skunks mommy was angry with him because he smelled like roses and little animals started playing with him but mommy wanted him to smell like before. Finally, she took him back to the wizard and he made Roger smell as awful as ever.
(ADVANCED WRITING SKILLS)
Question.4. Parks are not only useful for children, adults and the old, but are environment friendly too. Write a factual description in 100-125 words of the neighborhood park you often visit.
The Green Club of your school celebrated ‘Van Mahotsava and Environment Protection Week’ involving students of your school. Eminent environmentalists, journalists and celebrities were also invited. Write a report in 100-125 words on the activities performed for a focal daily. You are Amrit/Amrita, Secretary of the Club.
My Neighbourhood Park
The nearest park to my locality is hardly at 100 meters of distance. I often visit this park with my father for morning and evening walks. It is full of beautiful flowers and plants. On the one side there are swings for children, painted in rainbow colours. The other corner has benches for the people to sit. The inner circumference of the park is surrounded by walk-way. People can be seen jogging and doing exercises in morning hours. Throughout the day it remains occupied . with people. Children always come in the evening as they are busy at school during day hours. One can hear chirping of birds from the branches of Neem and Gulmohur trees that surrounds the area. Old folks usually spend their evenings on the benches of the park, gossiping with each other. The whole environment inside the park is lively with the laughter of children and gathering of people in large numbers. It is not only a place for relaxation and entertainment but the green trees also provide fresh air and oxygen which is soothing to our eyes also.
‘Van Mahotsava And Environment
Protection Week Celebration
Reported By : Amrita (Secretary, Green club)
A Local Daily
30th August, 20XX
The Green Club of our school celebrated a week long ‘Van Mahotsava and Environment Protection’ from 16th to 23rd August, 20XX in the school premises. The theme of the year was Reuse… Reduce…Recycle. The programme was inaugurated by eminent environmentalist, Mrs. Meneka Gandhi. Children up to the age of 12 years were seen in green dress. They made models of solar cooker, save water, utilizing garbage as fuel etc. They also gave the message through the plays ‘Death due to polythene’ and ‘Where are the jungles’? Famous Journalists and Celebrities from film industry and sports were also invited to view the programme. Cards and handmade paper bags made by the Eco Club members were distributed to everybody. The highlight of the program was the botde gardening by classes X and XII. The activities during the whole week included sapling plantation, awareness plays to save forests and wildlife, techniques to reuse discarded materials like cans, pen refills, plastic bottles etc.
On the final day, noted Journalist, Mr. Rajat Sharma appreciated the efforts of staff, students and Principal for spreading awareness through such programmes.
Question.6. Indian Culture has traditionally sustained a joint family system in which the old have always had a very respectable place. There has been an erosion of these values in the present times. Write an article in 150-200 words on the need for the young to take care of their old instead of sending them to the old age homes.
The present day youth are greatly stressed due to cut throat competition and consumerist culture. Write an article in 150-200 words on the causes of the stress on the modem generation suggesting suitable solutions.
Benefits of Joint Family „ over Nuclear Family
The concept of joint family where grandparents live together with their son, daughter-in-law and grandchildren, is very old in India. But the concept of nuclear families is catching up fast which consist of husband, wife and their children. We cannot deny the fact that there are many advantages of
joint families. The elder people have their own value in a family. We get complete support of them when needed. We don’t have to ask for help from others and children will not be left alone at home when parents are job. Burglary cases also decrease. One can share his joys, sorrows and opinions with them. They are considered to be the pillar of the family. But today’s culture is so spoiled that the elders of the family are considered as unwanted burden. Their lives in many houses have become miserable because of materialistic thought procedure. In some families, they are even sent to old age homes and do not get the love, security, sense of belongingness which they deserve. They need our affection, love and attention and it is our responsibility to take proper care of the elders who once had taught us to walk in this world. One must think again that they are more experienced and can still guide us. So, keeping an open mind, accept your faults and move ahead with them.
Stress and Problems Faced
The modern generation is facing unbearable pressure and problems due to cut throat competition in the field of education, employment and relationships. Educational problems are related to scoring high marks among students so as to get admission in a good college or university or getting a high degree in University. The pressure is so much that they don’t have time for recreation. They do not get time to relax or enjoy with their peers. As a result, this stress comes out in the form of aggression and violence. They display this sort of behavior at home, in school or among friends. Due to certain reasons and government policies, youth is not getting desired employment which results in depression and unbearable pressure. Another problem faced by the youth is the ups and downs in their relations. Either it’s their relationship with parents, siblings or friends; they are quite emotionally attached at this age.
All these problems can be cured by doing yoga and practicing meditation. They can also be relaxed, by involving in any of , their hobbies like painting, reading books, listening music. They should face these problems bravely instead of becoming its victim.
8. Answer any three of the following in 30-40 words each :
(b) “So blot their maps with slums as big as doom”, says Stephen Spender. What does the poet want to convey ?
Answer: The poet wants to convey that the children living in slums have miserable lives. The map in their classroom has no meaning for them, and the slums are like blot on the modern civilized world.
9. Answer the following in 30-40 words each :
(a) “What a thunder clap these words were to me!” Which were the words that shocked and surprised little Franz ?
Answer : The words that shocked and surprised little Franz were spoken by M. Hamel, he told them that it was their last French lesson and a new teacher would arrive the next day. There would be no German teaching from henceforth.
(b) What sort of terror seized Douglas as he went down the water with a yellow glow ? How could he feel that he was still alive ?
Answer : Extreme terror and fear seized Douglas when he went down the water with a yellow glow. He tried to scream but his voice remained choked in his throat. His heart beat and pounding in his head reminded him that he was alive.
12. Answer the following in 30-40 words each :
(c) How did Joe want the wizard to behave when Mommy Skunk approached him ?
Answer : Joe wanted wizard to take his magic wand and punish Rogers mommy by hitting over her head and cut her arms as she made little Roger smell foul again.