CBSE Previous Year Solved Papers Class 12 English Delhi 2016
Time allowed : 3 hours Maximum Marks: 100
General Instructions :
- This paper is divided into three sections : A, B and C. All the sections are compulsory.
- Separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them faithfully.
- Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.
Question. 1. Read the passage given below:
- Maharana Pratap ruled over Mewar only for 23 years. However, he accomplished so much grandeur during his reign that his glory surpassed the boundaries of countries and time turning him into an immortal personality. He along with his kingdom became a synonym for valour, sacrifice and patriotism. Mewar had been a leading Rajput kingdom even before Maharana Pratap occupied the throne. Kings of Mewar, with the cooperation of their nobles and subjects, had established such traditions in the kingdom, as augmented their magnificence despite the hurdles of having a smaller area under their command and less population. There did come a few thorny occasions when.the flag of the kingdom seemed sliding down. Their flag once again heaved high in the sky thanks to the gallantry and brilliance of the people of Mewar.
- The destiny of Mewar was good in the sense that barring a few kings, most of the rulers were competent and patriotic. This glorious tradition of the kingdom almost continued for 1500 years since its establishment, right from the reign of Bappa Rawal. In fact only 60 years before Maharana Pratap, Rana Sanga drove the kingdom to the pinnacle of fame/ His reputation went beyond Rajasthan and reached Delhi. Two generations before him, Rana Kumbha had given a new stature to the kingdom through victories and developmental work. During his reign, literature and art also progressed extraordinarily. Rana himself was inclined towards writing and his works are read with reverence even today. The ambience of his kingdom was conducive to the creation of high quality work of art and literature. These accomplishments were the outcome of a longstanding tradition sustained by several generations.
- The life of the people of Mewar must have been peaceful and prosperous during the long span of time; otherwise such extraordinary accomplishment in these fields would not have been possible. This is reflected in their art and literature as well as their loving nature. They compensate for lack of admirable physique by their firm but pleasant nature. The ambience of Mewar remains lovely thanks to the cheerful and liberal character of its people.
- One may observe astonishing pieces of workmanship not only in the forts and palaces of Mewar but also in public utility buildings. Ruins of many structures which are still standing tall in their grandeur are testimony to the fact that Mewar was not only the land of the brave but also a seat of art and culture. Amidst aggression and bloodshed, literature and art flourished and creative pursuits of literature and artists did not suffer. Imagine, how glorious the period must have been when the Vijaya Stambha which is the sample of our great ancient architecture even today, was constructed. In the same fort, Kirti Stambha is standing high, reflecting how liberal the then administration was which allowed people from other communities and kingdoms to’ come and carry out construction work. It is useless to indulge in the debate whether the Vijay Stambha was constructed first or the Kirti Stambha. The fact is that both the capitals are standing side by side and reveal the proximity between the king and the subjects of Mewar.
- The cycle of time does not remain the same. Where as the reign of Rana Sanga was crucial in raising the kingdom to the acme of glory, it also proved to be his nemesis. History took a turn. The fortune of Mewar the land of the brave, started waning. Rana tried to save the day with his acumen which was running against the stream and the glorious traditions for sometime.
On the basis of your understanding of the above passage answer each of the questions given below with the help of the options that follow:
(a) Maharana Pratap became immortal because:
(i) he ruled Mewar for 25 years
(ii) he added a lot of grandeur to Mewar
(iii) of his valour, sacrifice and patriotism
(iv) both (ii) and (iii)
(b) Difficulties in the way of Mewar were :
(i) lack of cooperation the nobility
(ii) ancient traditions of the kingdom
(iii) its small area and small population
(iv) the poverty of the subjects ‘
(c) During.thomy occasions:
(i) the flag of Mewar seemed to be lowered
(ii) the flag of Mewar was hoisted high
(iii) the people of Mewar showed gallantry
(iv) most of the rulers heaved a sigh of relief
(d) Mewar was lucky because : *
(i) all of its rulers were competent
(ii) most of its people were competent
(iii) most of its rulers were competent
(iv) only a few of its people were incompetent
Answer the following questions briefly:
(e) Who is the earliest King of’Mewar mentioned in the passage ?
(f) What was Rana Kumbha’s contribution to the glory of Mewar ?
(g) What does the writer find worth admiration in the people of Mewar ?
(h) How could art and literature flourish in Mewar ?
(i) How did the rulers show that they cared for their subjects ?
(j) What does the erection of Vijaya Stambha and Kirti Stambha in the same fort signify ?
(k) Find words from the passage which mean the same as each of the following :
(i) surprising (para 4)
(ii) evidence (para 4)
Answer. (a) (ii) be added a lot of grandeur to Mewar
(b) (iii) its small area and small population
(c) (i) the flag of Mewar seemed to be lowered
(d) (iii) most of its rulers were competent
(e) Bappa Rawal was the earliest king of Mewah
(f) Rana Kumbha had given a new stature to the kingdom through victories and development work. During his reign, literature and art also progressed extraordinarily. Rana himself was inclined towards writing and his works are read with reverence today.
(g) The people of Mewar are loving, cheerful, liberal, peaceful, prosperous and have pleasant nature. According to the writet, these are the qualities that make them worth admiration.
(h) During Rana Kumbha’s reign, literature and art progressed extraordinarily. The peaceful and prosperous atmosphere of his kingdom was suitable for the creation of high quality work of literatrure and art. The king himself countributed to literature. Even amidst wars and bloodshed literature and art flourished. .
(i) By building Vijaya Stambha and Kirti Stambha side by side, rulers revealed the proximity between the king and subjects of Mewar.
(j) Vijaya Stambha is the sample of our great ancient
architecture even today. Kirti Stambha reflects how liberal the then administration was which allowed people from other communities and kingdoms to come and carry out construction work.
(k) (i) astonishing (ii) testimony
Question.2. Read the passage given below:
- To ensure its perpetuity, the ground is well held by the panther both in space and in time. It enjoys a much wider distribution over the globe than its bigger cousins, and procreates sufficiently profusely to ensure its continuity for all time to come.
- There seems to be no particular breeding season of the panther, although its sawing and caterwauling is more frequently heard during winter and summer. The gestation period is about ninety to hundred days (Whipsnade, ninety-two days). The litter normally consists of four cubs, rarely five. Of these, generally two survive and not more than one reaches maturity. I have never come across more than two cubs at the heels of the mother. Likewise, graziers in the forest have generally found only two cubs hidden away among rocks, hollows of trees, and other impossible places.
- Panther cubs are generally in evidence in March. They are born blind. This is a provision of Nature against their drifting away from the place of safety in which they are lodged by their mother, and exposing themselves to the danger of their being devoured by hyenas, jackals, and other predators. They generally open their eyes in about three to four weeks.
- The mother alone rears its cubs in seclusion. It keeps them out of the reach of the impulsive and impatient male. As a matter of fact the mother separates from the male soon after mating and forgets all about their tumultuous union. The story that the male often looks in to find out how the mother is progressing with her cubs has ho foundation except in what we wish it should do at least.
- The mother carries its cubs about by holding them by the scruff of their neck in its mouth. It trains them to stalk, and teaches them how to deliver the bite of death to the prey. The cubs learn to treat all and sundry with suspicion at their mother’s heels. Instinctively the cubs seek seclusion, keep to cover and protect their flanks by walking along the edge of the forest.
- I have never had an opportunity to watch mother panther train its cubs. But in Pilibhit forests, I once saw a tigress giving some lessons to its little ones. I was sitting over its kill at Mala. As the sun set, the tigress materialised in the twilight behind my machan. For about an hour, it scanned and surveyed the entire area looking and listening with the gravest concern. It even went to the road where my elephant was awaiting my signal. The mahout spotted it from a distance and drove the elephant away.
- When darkness descended upon the scene and all was well and safe the tigress called its cubs by emitting a low haa-oon. The cubs, two in number and bigger than a full- grown cat, soon responded. They came trotting up to their mother and hurried straight to the kill in indecent haste. The mother spitted at them so furiously that they doubled back its heels immediately. Thereafter, the mother and its cubs sat under cover about 50 feet (15 m) away from the kill to watch, wait, look, and listen. After about half an hour’s patient and fidgetless vigil the mother seemed to say ‘paid for’. At this signal, the cobs cautiously advanced, covering their flanks, towards the kill. No longer did they make a beeline for it, as they had done before.
- The mother sat watching its cubs eat, and mounted guard on them. She did not partake of the meal.
On the basis of your understanding of the passage complete the statements given below with the help of options that follow:
(a) To protect its cubs the mother panther hides them :
(i) among rocks (ii) in the branches of the trees
(iii) behind the tree trunks (iv) at its heels
(b) The male panther :
(i) is protective of its cubs (ii) trains its cubs
(iii) watches the progress of the mother
(iv) is impulsive and impatient
Answer the following questions briefly:
(c) How many cubs does the mother panther rarely deliver ?
(d) What may happen if the panther cubs are not born blind ?
(e) Why did the mahaut drive his elephant away ?
(f) Why did the tigress spit at its cubs ?
(g) From the narrators observation what do we learn about the nature of the tigress ?
(h) Why does the panther not face the risk of extinction ?
(i) Find words from the passage which mean the same as
each of the following :
(i) moving aimlessly (para 3)
(ii) came down/fell (para 7)
(a) (i) among rocks
(b) (iv) is impulsive and impatient
(c) The mother panther delivers litter of four cubs, rarely five.
(d) If the panther cubs are not blind they drift away from the place of safety in which they are lodged by their mother.
(e) The mahaut drove away his elephant to protect it from the tigress.
(f) The mother tigress spitted at it cubs to call them back to its heels and watch the prey carefully, instead of running towards it in haste.
(g) The tigress is very protective about her cubs. She rears them alone without the help of the male. She trains them to hunt and guards them, while they eat.
(h) The panther does not face the risk of extinction because it procreates sufficiendy and profusely to ensure its continuity for all time to come.
(i) Moving aimlessly-drifting
(ii) came down/fell-descend
Question.3. Read the passage given below :
People tend to amass possessions, sometimes without being aware of doing so. They can have a delightful surprise when they find something useful which they did not know they owned. Those who never have to change house become indiscriminate collectors of what can only be described as clutter. They leave unwanted objects in drawers, cupboards and attics for years in the belief that they may one day need them. Old people also accumulate belongings for two other reasons, lack of physical and mental energy, and sentiment. Things owned for a long time are-full of associations with the past, perhaps with the relatives who are dead, and so they gradually acquire a sentimental value.
Some things are collected deliberately in an attempt to avoid wastage. Among these are string and brown paper, kept by thrifty people when a parcel has been opened. Collecting small items can be a mania. A lady cuts out from newspapers sketches of model clothes that she would like to buy if she had money. As she is not rich, the chances are that she will never be able to afford such purchases. It is a harmless habit, but it litters up her desk.
Collecting as a serious hobby is quite different and has many advantages. It provides relaxation for leisure hours, as just looking at one’s treasure is always a joy. One doesn’t have to go out for amusement as the collection is housed at home. Whatever it consists of- stamps, records, first editions of books, china-there is always something to do in connection with it, from finding the right place for the latest addition to verifying facts in reference books. This hobby educates one not only in the chosen subject, but also in general matters which have some bearing on it.
There are other benefits also. One gets to meet like-minded collectors to get advice, compare notes, exchange articles, to show off one’s latest find etc. So one’s circle of friends grows. Soon the hobby leads to travelling, perhaps a meeting in another town, possibly a trip abroad in search of a rare specimen, for collectors are not confined to one country. Over the years one may well become an authority on one’s hobby and will probably be asked to give informal talks to little gatherings and then, if successful, to larger audiences.
(a) On the basis of your understanding of the above passage make notes on it, using headings and subheadings. Use recognisable abbreviations (wherever necessary – minimum four) and a format you consider suitable. Also supply an appropriate title to it.
(b) Write a summary of the passage in about 80 words.
Answer. (a) Title: Collection-Advantage or dis-advantage 1. Notes .
(a) PpL can hv delightful surprises
(b) Become indiscriminate collectors
(c) Senti values
(a) To avoid wastage (b) Mania
(c) Lack of physical and mental energy in the case of old people.
(b) doesn’t hv to go out for amusement
(iv) Other benefits
(a) One may meet like-minded collectors
(b) frid circle grows
(c) hobby leads to travelling
People sometimes collect things due to various reasons which may be related to their need, lack of energy or sentimental value. Sometimes collection may be done to avoid wastage which later becomes mania. But it has many advantages too. It relaxes, amuses and educates. It has additional benefits where one may meet like-minded collectors to get advice, compare notes, exchange articles, to show off one’s latest find. As a result their friend circle grows bigger. In fact, hobby further leads to travelling.
Question.4. Principal, Sunrise Global School, Agra requires a receptionist for her school. Draft a suitable advertisement in about 50 words to be published in the classified columns of a national newspaper giving all the necessary details of qualifications and experience required in the receptionist.
Water supply will be suspended for eight hours (10 am to 6 pm) on 6th of March for cleaning of the water tank. Write a notice in about 50 words advising the residents to store water for a day. You are Karan Kumar/Karuna Bajaj, Secretary, Janata Group Housing Society, Pal am Vihar, Kumool.
Question.5. Yesterday you went to Sunrise Hospital, Market Road, New Delhi taking with you the victin of a hit and run accident. There were chaotic conditions in the casualty department. The injured was attended to after a lot of precious time had been lost.
Write a letter of complaint in 120-150 words to the Medical Superintendent. You are Karan/Kauma, M114, Mall Road, Delhi.
Lack of job opportunities in the rural areas is forcing people to migrate to cities. Every big city thus has a number of slums in it. Life in these slums is miserable.
Write a letter in 120-150 words to the editor of a national newspaper on how we can improve the living conditions in these slums. You are Karan/Karuna, M 114, Mall Road, Delhi.
M-l 14, Mall Road
20th March, 20XX
The Medical Superintendent
Sunrise Hospital, Market Road
Subject: Chaotic conditions in the casualty department Dear Sir,
I, Karuna, a resident of New Delhi want to bring to your notice the conditions of the Sunrise hospital. Yesterday while I was going to my office I witnessed a person lying on the road in a pool of blood. There was crowd all around him. On enquiry I came to know that he was hit by an unidentified vehicle and no body took pain to take him to the hospital. So I brought him to your hospital where I was further shocked to see the pathetic condition of the casualty ward. The corridors were full of people where there was smell of medicines and cotton dabs were thrown away on the floor. I requested the doctor on duty to attend the patient immediately to avoid any mishap but was asked to file the police complaint first. The patient was Jeft unattended for about an hour during which he lost ample amount of blood which could have been proved to be fatal. Later when all the formalities were completed, the doctor came to see him and by God’s grace his life was saved. Then again drugs were administered in an inappropriate way by the staff who came only after being reminded. I think this negligence would cost anyone’s life someday. So I request you to be more vigilant towards the working of the hospital.
M-114, Mall Road
20th March, 20xx
Times of India
Subject: improvisation of the living conditions in slums Dear Sir,
Through the esteemed columns of your prestigious newspaper, I would like to highlight the quality of life of the people living in slums. Each family consists of six to seven members who share a single room. Their children can be seen playing on the heaps of garbage and breeding grounds of flies, mosquitoes and cockroaches. Sincere efforts are required to improve the physical, social and economic conditions of these slum dwellers.
Practical action should be taken by providing access to clean drinking water, proper health and sanitation facilities, waste management services and better housing facilities. Slum upgrading should be a major part of the government agenda to alleviate the poor living standards of the people.
But unless government takes action, there can be no sustainable solution to the housing challenges. Most of the governments are not doing much for this for a number of reasons which may include low incentives, less financial resources, lack of provision of any such reform due to their short term electoral period. But NGCs,training institutes, local residents, community groups can join hands together with government to eradicate the miseries of slum dwellers.
Hope my letter would find a place in your newspaper.
Question.6. ‘The policy of reservation of seats for admission to the professional course? is good for the deprived Sections of society.’
Write a debate in 150-200 words either for or against the motion.
Write a speech in 150-200 words on ‘Benefits of early rising’ to be delivered by you in the morning assembly of your school. You are Karuna/ Karan, Head Girl/Head Boy.
Answer . ‘Policy of reservation of seats to the professional courses’
Good morning, respected judges and the esteemed audience. The topic of today’s debate is ’Policy of reservation of seats to the professional courses’. I, Karuna stand before you to speak against the motion.
According to the Indian constitution, reservation in all the fields whether education, jobs or any other place, has been made to bring under previleged classes at par with privileged or general ones. There are numerous reservations like reservation for women, reservation for physically challenged; reservation for economically backward class, reservation for scheduled castes, etc. But I believe that this leads to further discrimination in the society. It had started with a very good objective of uplifting the socially backward society to give them equal opportunities. But with time its meaning has been changed and the aim of starting it lost. People are taking undue advantage of it. This has resulted in widespread protests and counter protests as. it has affected thousands of job and admission opportunities. The students securing 80 or 90 percent sometimes lag behind the underprivileged who secure only 40 or 50 percent for taking admission in the vocational or professional courses. It denies the equality of opportunity to those who not belong to backward communities. They are denied admissions even though they have secured good percentage. This would also perpetuate caste feeling among people and hamper national unity. Also the reservation system in India is creating a manpower which is not able to compete at the global level. India needs people who can work for the growth and development but reservation is raising undeserving candidates at higher positions. So I think reservation system should be demolished.
‘Benefits of early rising’
Honorable Principal,respected teachers and dear friends, Good Morning! I am Karuna, Head Girl of the school; it is a great opportunity for me to share my views on the topic ‘Benefits of early rising’ in today’s assembly.
We derive pleasure from many things, people, and places in our life. One such pleasure is when we get up early in the morning. It gives a good start to our day’s work. The air we breathe is so fresh that it refreshes our whole day. One should not miss the wonderful art of nature- the rising of sun from the dark color of midnight and gradually turning brighter, spreading its vibrant colors in the sky. This glory can’t be explained in words. We come into close contact with nature when we hear the chirping of birds, raw green trees, flowers and leaves dancing. There is no chaos in the early morning and we can easily concentrate on our studies. It is well said that whatever we learn in the early hours is learnt quickly and our mind retains that forever. Early morning meditation helps in keeping our body and soul fit. Breakfast, the most important meal of the day can be taken up timely. Besides many other things, one may get enough time to exercise which keeps the body energetic and fit throughout #the day. Then our productivity and capacity to do work also increases. There is no distraction in the morning hours in case we want to indulge in some creative writing. To sum up, I can say that I have full faith in the saying, “Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy and wise.
Question.7. India is a land of diversity. One way in which it makes us feel proud of it is the number of festivals we enjoy. Write an article in 150-200 words on ‘Festivals of India’. You are Karuna/Karan.
Rising pollution, fast and competitive lifestyle, lack of nutritious food etc. have caused health woes for a large section of our population. Providing health care used to be a charitable and ethical activity. Tpday it has become commercialized, a money spinning business. Write an article in 150-200 words on How to provide proper health care to the common man’. You are Karan/Karuna.
Answer. ‘Festivals of India’
India is a land of colors. It is a country populated by the people of many castes, religions, faiths, communities, languages and creeds. Therefore, many festivals, celebrations, social and cultural gatherings, fairs take place every year. India is said to be a country which is full of pleasures, joys and festivities. Throughout the year we celebrate many festivals. They represent the grandeur of the country. These are the occasions when families gather at one place and celebrate happy moments. Festivals are-celebrated throughout the year and people await these festivals with great enthusiasm. These have an important . place in the hearts of Indians as they believe that the fasts on these occasions purify their soul and help them lead a problem free life. Some festivals are celebrated all over India and people celebrate them irrespective of their status and social position. These include Diwali, Holi and Dusshera. Each festival has its religious value and contains some mythology behind it. For example, Dusshera is celebrated on account of victory of good over evil and when God Ram killed Ravana. Similarly, Janmashtami has also a social and religious significance as Lord Krishna was born to kill all the demons fron the earth. Thus, each and every festival has its own value which teaches people to come closer and forget all their differences.
‘How to provide proper healthcare to the common man’
A large section of our population is suffering from the physical as well as mental problems like illness, fever, injury, epilepsy, learning disability, etc. Women have problems related to pregnancy and childbirth, children do require immunization against common diseases. Most of these health woes have been the result of our changing life style, rising pollution, Tack of nutrition value in food. Hence, they require access to health care facilities and treatment. Unfortunately, health services are often planned without consulting the community members. To meet the necessities of the people for accessible, affordable services, community members should be consulted and involved in their planning. Health centers should be more vigilant. Most people prefer home remedial measures and go to the hospital or refer to a doctor only when the situation is beyond their control. But it’s not necessary that they go to a well-qualified doctor, they may approach local pharmacist or traditional healers. Therefore, it is necessary that the health sector must intervene and create awarness among the people. Health care facilities should be within the reach of common man. Government’s investment in public health care is very low. As a result, many hospitals run by the government do not provide sufficient medical facilities. Therefore improvements are required in . this sector and it is a positive thing that the government is now planning to allocate more funds for the renovation of hospitals.
SECTION — C
(Literature : Text Book and Long Reading Text)
Question.8. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
Its loveliness increases, it will never
Pass into nothingness; but will keep
A bower quiet,for us, and a sleep
Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing.
(a) Whose loveliness will keep on increasing ?
(b) Identify the phrase which says that ‘it’ is immortal:
(c) What is a ‘bower’ ?
(d) Why do we need sweet dreams, health and quiet breathing in our lives ?
familiar ache, my childhood’s fear,
but all I said was, see you soon,
all I did was smile and smile and
(a) What does the phrase, ‘familiar ache’ mean ?
(b) What was the poet’s childhood fear ?
(c) What do the hirst two lines tell us about the poet’s feelings for her mother ?
(d) What does the repeated use of the word, ‘smile’ mean ?
Answer . (a) Loveliness of anything that is beautiful keeps on increasing. It gives us immense joy,unending and everlasting pleasure.
(b) “It will never pass into nothingness” is the phrase which says that it is immortal.
(c) “Bower” literary means leafy shelter which here refers to the sweet dreams which consists of all beautiful objects that revive during our sleep when we are tired or troubled. We love to relive these joyous memories.
(d) We need sweet dreams, health and quiet breathing in our lives as they refresh us and give eternal joy and remove our sorrows and sufferings. Thus, we want to remain bound to the earth.
(a) By the phrase familiar ache’ the poet means the pain which she had already felt in her childhood. The pain was due to the fear of getting separated from her mother and the realization that she had not cared for her. She suppressed it by smiling again and again at her and promising to meet her soon.
(b) The poet’s childhood fear was that as her mother was old and had pale and colorless face, she might not live very long and that she might lose her someday.
(c) The poet had the childhood fear that she would lose her mother soon. She possessed the same fear while going away from her. But she did not say anything to her except the optimistic note ‘see jou soon Amma’. She gave her a cheerful farewell.
(d) The word ‘smile’ has been repeated to show that in order to drive her fearful thought of separating from her mother, she puts on a false smile. Secondly, she gives moral support to her mother by promising to meet her soon. She tries to hide her feeling by smiling again and again.
Question.9. Answer any four of the following in 30-40 words each:
(a) Describe the irony in Saheb’s name.
(b) Why was Gandhiji opposed to C.E Andrews helping him in Champaran ?
(e) When he was only ten days old, a prediction was made about the future of the Tiger King. What was ironic about it?
(f) What was his father’s chief concern about Dr. Sadao ?
Answer . (a) Saheb’s full name was Saheb-E-Alam means the ‘Lord of the Universe’. The irony in his name was that he was a poor rag picker who did not even have the chappals to wear. He walked on the streets barefooted to earn his living and looked into the garbage for gold coins or something to survive his days.
(b) Gandhiji was opposed to C.F. Andrews helping him in Champaran because he wanted the Indians to be self-dependent and self-reliant in their struggle against injustice. He told him that Indians were strong enough to fight their own battle and had the capability to win it. Therefore, Gandhiji refused his help.
(e) When The Tiger King’ was only ten days old, the chief astrologer predicted that the death of the prince would result from a tiger. So when he grew up, he killed hundred tigers without knowing that the hundredth tiger didn’t die of his bullet. Ironically, the King died because of a wooden toy tiger.
(f) Sadao’s education had been his father’s chief concern. At the age of twenty two, he sent his son to America to learn about surgery and medicine. He came up to his father’s expectations. By the time his father died. Sadao had established himself as a famous surgeon as well as a scientist.
Question.10. Answer the following question in 120-150 words:
Our language is part of our culture and we are proud of it. Describe how regretful M. Hamel and the village elders are for having neglected their native language, French.
Teachers always advise their students to dream big. Yet, the same teachers in your classrooms find built with Sophie when she dreams. What is wrong with Sophie’s dreams ?
Answer. There is no doubt that our language is a part of our culture and we feel proud of it. But the true value of it can be realized only when the freedom of speaking it, is taken away from us.
The story ‘The Last Lesson’ depicts the pathos of the whole situation, how people feel in not learning their language and losing an asset in M. Hamel. One day Franz, oneofthe students came unwillingly to the school and noticed that everything was still and as quiet as Sunday morning. There was an order from Berlin that French would not be taught furthermore in the schools a/id instead German was to be taught. This news shocked everyone. All the villagers gathered in the classroom to attend their last French lesson and to mark their respect for the French teacher, M. Hamel, who was going to deliver his last speech in French. They sat on the back benches with the students. They felt sorry that they had not attended the school. And thanked Hamel for his faithful service.
To honor his French lesson, M. Hamel also put on his fine Sunday clothes. His behavior changed to kindness. He told his students that it was the most beautiful and logical language and they should not forget it.
It is a natural thing for teenagers to dream. They don’t have much liabilities and burden at this stage of life so they are free to dream. It is a part of their life but sometimes these dreams are impractical and non-realistic and when they are shattered, they cause a lot of pain.
In the story ‘Going Places’, the author has described the feelings and dreams of a girl, Sophie, who was a school-going teenager. She was a day dreamer and fantasizes that she had met with “Danny Casey, a football player from Ireland. She dreamt of having met him twice in the arcade. For her, he was hero to be worshipped. She went to the place where she thought he would meet her and when he didn’t turn up she felt disappointed. Then she thought of owning a boutique, becoming a manager, a fashion designer or an actress irrespective of thinking about her socio economic status.She had no thought about where the money would come for opening a boutique. She was blind to the bitter truth of life. She dreamt of an imaginary life, full of beautiful things. It can be said that she wanted to lead a lavish and grand life which was not possible. She was over ambitious. Her dreams were unrealistic in the sense that ultimately she would have to work in a biscuit factory.
Question.11. Answer the following question in 120-150 words :
Deny sneaked into Mr. Lamb’s garden and it became a turning point in his life. Comment.
How did Jo want the Roger Shunk story to end ? Why?
Answer. Derry sneaked into Mr. Lamb’s garden and it became a turning point in his life. Before that Derry used to live an isolated life. He did not like meeting with people or socializing. The reason was his burnt face, seeing which the people often got terrified. He began leading a secluded life.
Meeting Mr. Lamb brought a change in his life.His attitude I towards life was completely changed. Mr. Lamb gave him
confidence and supported him morally as he was physically i impaired like him. He had a tin leg because the original one was blown off in the war. He told Derry that he was not affected
I by the people’s sarcastic remarks. He motivated Derry to face
I the challenges of life and not to lament over his burnt face,
According to him, he was lucky to have two arms, two legs, ears, eyes and tongue. He could do far better than others.
All these preaching left an impression on Derry and now he started looking at things and world differently. He began to help Mr. Lamb with crab apples and developed a positive attitude towards life.
Jack used to tell his little daughter Jo bedtime stories. As soon as she grew older, she began to ask questions from her father. Once her father told her a story of a little animal called Skunk who smelled awfully bad. He therefore met with a wizard who solved his problem with magic wand and made him smell like
roses. But Skunks mother did not like it and took him back to the wizard to smell awfully bad once again.
This ending was not acceptable to Jo as she wanted the story to have another end in which the wizard should hit the mommy with his magic wand and chopping off her arms ‘forcibily’ Jo thought that Roger was the hero of the story so he must not look ugly or stinky. Jo’s perspective on life was different from her father’s. She wanted to change the end of the story to assert her views on het father. She had her own ideals and views which she wanted to be pursued.
Question.12. Answer the following question in 120-150 words
What do we learn about Mrs. Hall and Griffin from their first interaction at Coach and Horses inn ?
What kind of life did Silas lead before coming to Raveloe ?
Answer . Mrs. Hall was the owner of the inn ‘Coach and Horses’. She was a friendly woman who socialized with her guests easily. She was very excited when Griffin came to stay at her inn as she was not expecting anyone in such a harsh winter. She tried to be the best host. Although she was rebuked by Griffin many times when she tried to help him with his coat and hat, she did not give up. She attributed his behavior to an accident which he had met. She was a curious woman who wanted to know -what had happened to him and why was he wearing the bandages all over his face. She showed her full sympathy to him and tolerated him as he was paying a handsome sum as rent. It can be concluded that she was a credulous, somewhat irresponsible (in believing the stranger even without confirming his identity) about her family’s well-being
Griffin was a man without any humanity. He was a gifted young student,but he misused his talent and knowledge. He found Mrs. Hall’s inn the suitable place to carry on with his experiments. But he was not interested in advancing any conversation with Mrs. Hall. We can say that he was very rude towards her. He kept all his intentions and designs to himself. He had a mysterious nature. He didn’t want anyone to know his secret mission. He did not have any regard for relations and society.
Silas had come to Raveloe fifteen years earlier from a city to the North. Before that he was a faithful member of a religious sect in the Lantern Yard. He had been an exceptionally bright and fervent young disciple. The religious community had a great regard for him. His fits were regarded there as a mark of special closeness to the Holy spirit. He hadfull faith in humanity and God. He was a simple man who wanted to live within himself or in other words he was an introvert. He had a close friend named William Dane, and he was engaged to a serving girl, Sarah. Later on he is betayed by William who accusses him of theft unjustly and marries Silas, fiancee. As a result he loses faith in God and settles in Raveloe.
Question. 13. Answer the following question in 120-150 words :
Everyone who conies into contact with Griffin suffers. Attempt a character sketch of Griffin in the light of this remark,
Attempt a character sketch of Nancy Lammeter.
Answer. Griffin is the protagonist of the novel. The Invisible Man actually, was a scientist who was doing experiments to change a human being into invisible man by changing the refractive index of human body. He proved to be the trouble to whomsoever he came in contact with. First, it was his father who became his victim. He robbed him which drove him to commit suicide. Then he carried on his experiments of converting a human body into invisible on the neighbour’s cat. On being caught by his landlord and in order to hide from . him, he set his building on fire. He stole clothes from a theatre shop and then dodged Mrs. Hall, the owner of the inn ‘Coach and Horses’. There also when his progress slowed down and he needed more money to pay the ’bill to the pub owner, he burgled the house of Reverend Bunting.
He asked for help from a tramp, Mr. Thomas Marvel who assisted him many times but he proved to be cleverer than Griffin and ran away with Griffin’s stolen money. Griffin followed him to the town of Burdock where he met his old schoolmate, Dr. Kemp. He tried to take him in confidence and asked him to be his partner in ‘Reign of Terror’ to which Kemp refused. So Griffin thought of killing him,in order to take the revenge but didn’t succeed. Although he became the victim of circumstances but he remained troublesome for everyone who came in contact with him.
Nancy was a pretty woman who did not change at all in the past sixteen years. She was a good country girl who came from a wealthy family of Raveloe. As a young girl she was very charming and graceful.Her maturity was reflected through the truthful glance of her eyes. She was a pure hearted person. She had high and strict principles. She did not care to be associated with any person of poor reputation. She lived her life according to her own. She proved to be a loving and caring wife who was fully satisfied with her married life. She was not willing to adopt a child but she even didn’t want to disappoint Godfrey, her husband. When she came to know that Eppie was her husband’s real daughter she showed love and sympathy to her rather than disapproving or rebuking Godfrey. She respected the village customs and was responsible for taking up duties as the mistress of Red House when Godfrey was following the departing congregation. She was not too much sophisticated or educated. After marrying Godfrey, her life became organized and purposeful. She found peace and satisfaction in her life and wanted to continue the same for the rest of her life only.
Note : Except for the following questions, all the remaining questions have been asked in previous sets.
SECTION — B
Question.4. You need to buy a flat. Draft a suitable advertisement in about 50 words to be published in the classified columns of a local newspaper giving all the necessary details of your requirement. You are Karan/Karuna, M 114, Mall Road, Delhi.
Sunrise Global School, Agra is going to organize a one- act play competition in the school auditorium. You have decided to invite noted stage artiste, Nalini to grace the occasion. Draft a formal invitation for her in about 50 words. You are Karuna/Karan, Cultural Secretary.
Sunrise Global School Agra
15th May, 2016.
Subject: Invitation to preside over one-act play competition. Dear Ma’am,
Our school is going to organize a one-act play competition in the school auditorium. A number of students are likely to participate in this competition. We shall be highly honored if you will grace the occasion with your presence on the 30th of June, 2016 at 2 pm. ”
R.S. V.P .
Sunrise Global School
Question.5. Park Lane, Chanakyapuram, Mysore is proud of having four reputed public schools in close proximity to each other. In the morning and afternoon there is a heavy traffic along the road and hundreds of student are put to a lot of inconvenience.
Write a letter in 120-150words to the Deputy Commissioner of Police (Traffic) describing the problem. Suggest a few measures to regulate the traffic. You are Karuna Shetty/ Karan Kumar, Principal, Sunrise Global School.
Write an application (including a resume) in 120-150 ‘ words for the post of receptionist advertised in a national newspaper by JKL Publishers, Peshwa Road, Pune. You are Karuna, M 114 Mall Road, Pune, a graduate from SNDT University and have done a Secretarial Practice Course from YWCA, Mumbai.
Sunrise Global School,
Park Lane, Chanakyapuram,
1st March, 2016
The Deputy Commissioner of Police (Traffic) Chanakyapuram,
Subject: Traffic congestion on the road surrounding schools.
I wish to bring to your attention the poor traffic management on the road surrounding schools, which causes great inconvenience. There are four reputed public schools in the ambit of the area. In the morning, the movement of the school transport, staff vehicles and the vehicles of the parents, who come to drop their children, along with the general traffic, creates a huge chaos on the road. The same chaos could be witnessed in the afternoon. The situation gets worse when .the traffic lights don’t work. The children, who come from the nearby areas, find it difficult to cross the roads and face huge risk. The, safety of the children is of utmost importance for the schools. I would request you to please avoid traffic police on different points of the roads around the schools, so as to avoid traffic jams. Also, a regular check of the traffic lights would help in reducing inconvenience. The schools are also planning to.arrange traffic rules awareness workshop for their respective staff, parents and children. I request you to look into the matter and solve the issue at the earliest.
Yours Sincerely Karan Kumar (Principal)
Sunrise Global School
Ml 14, Mall Road
1st March, 2016
JKL Publishers Peshwa Road
Subject: Application for the post of Receptionist.
I have done my graduation from SNDT University and a Secretarial Practive Course from YWCA, Mumbai. I have been working as a receptionist with Gupta & Sons Textilies Ltd. since March, 2014. I have proven record of meeting my goals by accepting all challenges throughout my professional career.
My resume has been attached herewith. If I can provide you with any further information regarding my background and qualifications, please let me know.
I will be looking forward to hear from you soon.
Enclosure : Resume and two passport-size photographs
Father’s Name : Om Prakash Chauhan
Date of Birth: 11-07-1989
Residential Address : Ml 14, Mall Road, Pune
Contact Number : +91 -xxxxxxxxxx
Educational Qualifications : (i) Graduation (SNDT University)
(ii) Secretarial Practice Course (YWCA, Mumbai)
Computer Proficiency : MS Office and Adobe Photoshop.
Experience : Working as Receptionaist with Gupta & Sons Textites Ltd. since March 2014
Salary Expected : Rs. 15,000
Material Status : Unmarried
Hobbies : Traveling, reading and socializing
Languages Known : Hindi and English
Question.6. ‘Rising prices can be controlled only by the government.’
Write a debate in 150-200 words either for or against the motion.
Write a speech in 150-200 words on the topic, ‘Library plays an important role at school’. It is to be delivered in the morning assembly. You are Karuna/Karan, Head Girl/
Answer. ‘Rising prices can be controlled only by the government’
A very good morning to jury members, friends and my fellow opponents. I am Karuna of Std. XII and today, I am going to speak against the motion on the topic ‘Rising prices can be controlled only by the government.” The role of government in an economy, is to announce measures of regulation and control. A government can impose restrictions on hoarding, the export of some items and track prices of limited commodities. However, the execution vests in the custody of the people residing the nation.
It would not be correct to put the blame wholly on the government. The consumer is no less to be blamed for inflation.
Some consumers allow themselves to be robbed for fear of a good supply position and consistently adverse price trends.
Such practices not only deprive the country of much-needed resources but also serve as bad examples for those who cannot afford to pay such high prices. By reducing the demand of a good, its price can be controlled by the consumers, Rising prices or inflation can be controlled by the combined effort of the government and consumers.
Library plays an important role at school Good morning everyone!
Respected Principal teachers and my dear friends, I Karuna, the Head girl of your school, is going to give a short speech on ‘Library plays an important role at school.’ A school library is a place that plays an important role in encouraging innovation and thirst for knowledge. It provides support for learning and teaching throughout the school. The school library exhibits positive impact on the academic, achievement of the student, as it helps in developing the mind of the student. It is integral to the teaching and learning process. ‘
A library at school not only provides academic references but a wide range of fiction, non-fiction, digital, print resources.
It develops the habit of reading for pleasure and to enhance students intellectual, cultural and emotional growth. The school library also provides opportunities to teachers to plan, implement, and evaluate new learning programs. It also plays a critical role in assising the students in compiling, critically analysing and organising information, and then communicing their findings. A school library provides a safe environment that encourages curiosity and imagination. The students become users of information and start to develop a better understanding of the world.
Note : Except for the following questions, all the remaining questions have been asked in previous Sets.
Question.6.‘The policy of no detention till class VIII is > not in the interest of students.’ Write a debate in 150-200 words either in favour of or against the motion.’
Write a speech in 150-200 words on the topic, ‘A student must know how to manage his time.’ It is to be delivered in the morning assembly. You are Karan/Karuna, Head Boy/ Head Girl of the school.
Answer. A very good morning to jury members, friends, and my fellow opponents. Today, I am going to speak for the motion ‘The policy of no detention till class 8 is not in the interest of the students.’ Firstly, let me tell you what the no-detention policy states. The article states that no child shall be held back in any class or expelled from school till the completion of elementary education. The step was taken to reduce stress and pressure among students, but the policy has led to poor outcomes, as there has hardly been any improvement in the academic standard. It has encouraged negligence and reluctance of children to study. A student develops a carefree and an easy going attitude, with an automatic promotion system up to class 8, and in class 9 he is unable to change his attitude suddenly.
They fail to cope up with the academic pressure and end up doing badly in board exams.
I, therefore, firmly agree that the policy of no detention till class 8 is not in the interest of students, as it gives security of passage to the next class, regardless of a child’s competence to learn higher concepts.
A student must know how to manage his time Here are a few points that will help you in framing your answer,
- When life takes a highway and everything seems to be going out of control, the only thing that can bring back the required place in life is time management.
- Because a students time is so valuable, it is important to use it wisely. This can be done by taking advantage of an idle time that could be spent studying: This could happen during lucnh, on the bus ride to and from school or before A class starts.
- A student must prioritize what comes first in his life. If a job starts to interfere with school, a student might need to change his work schedule or find a different job.
- Spending time with friends, family and having fun is
important to provide a healthy balance. To successfully satisfy their personal life and meet education obligations, students must learn to juggle the two effectively by managing time well.
- When you get into the habit of procrastinating as a student, you tend to do the same as an adult. Habits that are learned when young are hard to change the older you become. Therefore, develop a sense of responsibility towards your task.
Question.7. India is an emerging economy, We are rich in natural resources. Yet a significant proportion of our people is living below poverty line. One cause of this poverty is our rising population.
Write an article is 150-200 words On ‘How to keep a check on population.’ You are Karuna/Karan.
Women feel unsafe on the road, at their place of work and even at home. There is an urgent need to change the male mindset in its attitude towards women.
Write an article in 150-200 words on ‘How to make women feel safe’. You are Karan/Karuna.
How to keep check on population
‘ An economy requires the support of its population to function smoothly. The fact remains intact that India is extremely rich in its natural resources, yet incapable of sustaining its population.
We often ponder over the question. Who is responsible for the imbalance ? Is it the current government ? Is it the lack of facility ? Or is just ignorance ?
The disproportionate distribution of wealth in the country is mostly an outcome of the humongous population, hyperbolically termed as the ‘Population Explosion’. The government, at regular intervals, has introduced birth control schemes and programmes, such as ‘Hum Do Hamare Do’. Such programs have failed tremendously because of the illiterate and religiously guided notions of the people. The only way possible to curb the population is to educate thq Indian population. The beliefs and desirability of having a male child also increases the population, which can be checked by understanding that it is better to facilitate the children in a manner to empower them.
The government can work effectively only when the population understands the fragility and need of the moment.
Here are some points that will help you in framing your answer.
- We must start to bring up our boys like we bring up our girls, we must teach them respect and empathy for another human being
- Have severe laws to deal with eve teasers, rapists and molesters
- Domestic violence against women must not be tolerated implementation of laws has to be quick
- Give equal opportunities of education and employment to women ‘
- Teach our girls and women self-defence techniques ‘ increase security at public places
- Employ special forces at tourist spots to ensure the security of foreign and domestic women tourists
Question.9. Answer any four of the following in 30-40 Words each:
(a) How did his experience at the YMCA swimming pool affect Douglas ?
(b) What hospitality did the peddler receive from the crofter ?
(c) What kind of life was enjoyed by crown prince Jung Bahadur till he reached the age of twenty ?
(d) Where, when and how did Dr. Sadao meet Hana ?
Answer. (a) The experience created a terrible fear in the heart
of Douglas for a long time. This made Douglas all the more afraid of water. The very sight of water made him ill. Douglas decided against playing any water sports.
(b) Unlike the indiferent attitude of the others towards him, the peddler was whole heartedly welcomed by the crofter in his cottage. The crofter at once put the porridge pot on the fire and gave him supper. He gave him a roll of tobacco for his pipe. He also played the game of cards with him.
(c) The British dominance and its effect on the Indian , royalty i? evident in the upbringing of the crown prince Jung Bahadur. He was brought up by an English nanny, drank the milk of an English cow, taught English by an Englishman and saw nothing but English films.
(d) Dr. Sadao met Hana in America af the house of a professor where some foreign students were living. He liked her but waited to fall in love with her untill he was sure she was a pure Japanese.